Paste P6584

(An Untitled Masterwork)

Authored by MoritzMuehlenhoff on Jan 15 2018, 11:09 AM.
From: Hugh Dickins <>
Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2017 15:00:37 -0700
Subject: kaiser: load_new_mm_cr3() let SWITCH_USER_CR3 flush user
From: Hugh Dickins <>
We have many machines (Westmere, Sandybridge, Ivybridge) supporting
PCID but not INVPCID: on these load_new_mm_cr3() simply crashed.
Flushing user context inside load_new_mm_cr3() without the use of
invpcid is difficult: momentarily switch from kernel to user context
and back to do so? I'm not sure whether that can be safely done at
all, and would risk polluting user context with kernel internals,
and kernel context with stale user externals.
Instead, follow the hint in the comment that was there: change
X86_CR3_PCID_USER_VAR to be a per-cpu variable, then load_new_mm_cr3()
can leave a note in it, for SWITCH_USER_CR3 on return to userspace to
flush user context TLB, instead of default X86_CR3_PCID_USER_NOFLUSH.
Which works well enough that there's no need to do it this way only
when invpcid is unsupported: it's a good alternative to invpcid here.
But there's a couple of inlines in asm/tlbflush.h that need to do the
same trick, so it's best to localize all this per-cpu business in
mm/kaiser.c: moving that part of the initialization from setup_pcid()
to kaiser_setup_pcid(); with kaiser_flush_tlb_on_return_to_user() the
function for noting an X86_CR3_PCID_USER_FLUSH. And let's keep a
KAISER_SHADOW_PGD_OFFSET in there, to avoid the extra OR on exit.
I did try to make the feature tests in asm/tlbflush.h more consistent
with each other: there seem to be far too many ways of performing such
tests, and I don't have a good grasp of their differences. At first
I converted them all to be static_cpu_has(): but that proved to be a
mistake, as the comment in __native_flush_tlb_single() hints; so then
I reversed and made them all this_cpu_has(). Probably all gratuitous
change, but that's the way it's working at present.
I am slightly bothered by the way non-per-cpu X86_CR3_PCID_KERN_VAR
gets re-initialized by each cpu (before and after these changes):
no problem when (as usual) all cpus on a machine have the same
features, but in principle incorrect. However, my experiment
to per-cpu-ify that one did not end well...