The month name in date that appears in the title of the "On this day" card is translated, but the whole appearance of the date is not correctly localized. In English it says "February 4", which is OK for English, but it also forces the same format for Russian and Hebrew. In Russian it's "Февраля 4", but it must be "4 февраля", and in Hebrew it's "פברואר 4", but it must be "4 בפברואר". Such problems probably exist in many other languages.
I'm not a Java expert, but as far as I can see, the date string comes from DateUtil, and it forces the same "MMMM d" format on all the languages. Instead, it should be translatable in translatewiki, or it should use another Java or CLDR function for date formatting.