This is the weirdest thing. We have two identical boxes, mcr-base and mcr-full. Both use labs-vagrant, one as a default setup, the other one with a bunch of roles enabled. I followed the steps at Selenium/Node.js/Inside_MediaWiki-Vagrant to set up browser tests (which basically consist of npm install). In mcr-base it works, in mcr-full the dependencies of the webdriver package are not installed.
The two machines use the same base image with the same amount of resources, same OS version, same node version, same vagrant version. The MediaWiki checkout has the same package.json file in both. npm config ls -l gives the same result. And yet, in mcr-full, npm install consistently fails (without giving any error message) - npm run selenium complains about the wdio binary missing. npm rebuild fixes that but still does not install any dependencies of the webdriver module.