A user not using an account is asking on Commons:Village_pump/Technical (permalink) why they have to fill in CAPTCHA for edits that to not add external links while editing pages. I can't answer this question.
The error message they got is: "Your edit includes new external links. To protect the wiki against automated spam, we kindly ask you to enter the words that appear below in the box [...]"
This message appears to be Captcha-addurl which is not customized at WM Commons.
Expected behaviour: CAPTCHA only required in cases external links were added or more specific error message.