In case it may be helpful, the character produced is a white chess pawn, unicode 0x2659 (html ♙). This character is produced if any character is added immediately after any of the three links in the first sentence, but not if a character is added after a link in the second sentence. If the Hindi text in the first sentence is deleted, then characters entered after a link produce the correct result.
Turns out that it happens when inserting any character after the link, but only at the position immediately after the link (so the second character isn't pawned because there's something (the first pawn) between it and the link), and only if there is multibyte text in the same paragraph preceding the link.
The article's first and only paragraph starts with "Jabhala (Hindi:जभाला) is..." and so this bug affects every link on that article. But it doesn't affect any links before जभाला (there aren't any right now but you can create them), and if you use Enter to break the paragraph after the Hindi text, it doesn't affect any links in the second paragraph either.
Assigning to Ed because this is a multibyte issue.