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Avoid DB rows with usable names but ID = 0 by introducing "interwiki" usernames

Authored by Anomie on Oct 25 2017, 7:26 PM.

Description

Avoid DB rows with usable names but ID = 0 by introducing "interwiki" usernames

Importing revisions in MediaWiki has long been weird: if the username on
the imported revision exists locally it's automatically attributed to
the local user, while if the name does not exist locally we wind up with
revision table rows with rev_user = 0 and rev_user_text being a valid
name that someone might later create. "Global" blocks too create rows
with ipb_by = 0 an ipb_by_text being a valid name.

The upcoming actor table change, as things currently stand, would
regularize that a bit by automatically attributing those imported
revisions to the newly-created user. But that's not necessarily what we
actually want to happen. And it would certainly confuse CentralAuth's
attempt to detect its own global blocks.

Thus, this patch introduces "interwiki" usernames that aren't valid for
local use, of the format "iw>Example".[1] Linker will interpret these
names and generate an appropriate interwiki link in history pages and
the like, as if from wikitext like [[iw:User:Example]].

Imports for non-existant local users (and optionally for existing local
users too) will credit the edit to such an interwiki name. There is also
a new hook, 'ImportHandleUnknownUser', to allow extension such as
CentralAuth to create local users as their edits are imported.

Block will no longer accept usable-but-nonexistent names for 'byText' or
->setBlocker(). CentralAuth's global blocks will be submitted with an
interwiki username (see Ieae5d24f9).

Wikis that have imported edits or CentralAuth global blocks should run
the new maintenance/cleanupUsersWithNoId.php maintenance script. This
isn't done by update.php because (1) it needs an interwiki prefix to use
and (2) the updater can't know whether to pass the --assign flag.

[1]: '>' was used instead of the more usual ':' because WMF wikis have
many existing usernames containing colons.

Bug: T9240
Bug: T20209
Bug: T111605
Change-Id: I5401941c06102e8faa813910519d55482dff36cb
Depends-On: Ieae5d24f9098c1977447c50a8d4e2cab58a24d9f