In the wikidata-dev project, any instance whose name begins with “wikibase” automatically gets role::wikibase applied. This role seems to be broken in some way, according to this output in the instance log:
Error: Could not retrieve catalog from remote server: Error 500 on SERVER: Server Error: Evaluation Error: Error while evaluating a Resource Statement, Evaluation Error: Error while evaluating a Function Call, Could not find data item profile::microsites::wikibase::server_name in any Hiera data file and no default supplied at /etc/puppet/modules/profile/manifests/microsites/wikibase.pp:3:18 on node wikibase-test-t225307.wikidata-dev.eqiad.wmflabs
The effect of this is that you can’t SSH into the instance because Puppet doesn’t finish. Workaround: give your instance some other name (assuming you don’t need role::wikibase).