Calls to pages such as https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Plates?uselang=%E2%A7%BCLang%E2%A7%BD / https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Plates?uselang=⧼Lang⧽
should not make it as far down the stack of wikibase code as demonstrated in T246207#6078825
This is not a valid language and it should be handeled much further up rather than making it into a cache key.
In a situation like this I imagine a uselang=safjhaskfas should result in the default language being used.
I believe this has come up before and this can likely be linked to another ticket.
This might need fixing in mediawiki or in wikibase, but the root is to be determined.