The Italian Wikipedia wants unregistered users to have same editing permissions on it.m.wikipedia.org as they have on it.wikipedia.org.
As the feature is not yet considered ready for being default (bug 53069), the Italian Wikipedia has decided to set $wgMFAnonymousEditing = true for a period of two months, in order to identify the main pain points, bugs and feature requests; it.wiki previously pioneered Wikidata and CirrusSearch as well, among others.
For simplicity of communication and understanding (both during and after the period in question), the configuration change will take effect on 2014-11-01 00:01 (UTC) and end on 2014-12-31 23:59 (UTC), so that it matches calendar months and doesn't overlap "busier" months like January. The configuration will be conditional to this time period and will deployed in the usual shell requests/ MediaWiki train windows, 28th or 29th. https://wikitech.wikimedia.org/wiki/Deployments#Tuesday.2C.C2.A0October.C2.A028
The decision has been taken with an official "sondaggio", the ultimate decision-making process of the Italian Wikipedia, with a 92 % majority.
The "sondaggio" doesn't affect how further permission changes will be decided after this 2 months period.
The WMF was aware of this intention since June 2014 and is of course free to conduct additional/parallel activities like scientific experiments to assess unregistered users' editing on MobileFrontend.