Math formulae are currently edited using a live inspector, and a knowledge of LaTeX is required. We could make the process easier for people who are not LaTeX experts by offering a syntax helper, similar to those found in other tools. Three elements common to such tools are: an input in which to write LaTeX directly, symbol buttons that insert LaTeX into the input and a live rendering.
Most of this functionality can be achieved by combining classes that already exist in ooui, and putting them together in a dialog. This is a tracker bug for making a new math dialog to replace the math inspector.