While investigating a page I noticed that there were requests being made to for various pages of action=history&limit=2000. MediaWiki gives users the choice of [ 20, 50, 100, 250, 500 ] but caps the max at 5000.
This matches up with https://tendril.wikimedia.org/report/slow_queries?host=%5Edb&user=wikiuser showing the slowest query as /* IndexPager::buildQueryInfo (history page unfiltered) */ with limit 2001.
Some/many (didn't count) of the limit=2000 requests just timed out because of the 60s wall clock limit. It would probably be better to cap the limit at 500 or 1000 rather than trigger these long-running queries that don't finish in time anyways.
web request logs via @colewhite: https://logstash.wikimedia.org/goto/2c5ae987088eac876305e7ad384920c1 - coming from multiple IPs, maybe some script is making these requests? Some UAs seem faked.