Page MenuHomePhabricator

Remove reference sections at end of article from page content HTML
Closed, ResolvedPublic

Description

In order to support the lazy loading of references, we need to develop a heuristic for determining if references should be removed from the content of the page

To ensure that the intent of the author is not changed, we should only remove references that are not "part of the content". Here is a first pass at a heuristic:

  1. If the reference list is in the last section (or last n sections) of a page, it should be removed. The entire section including the header should be removed as well.
  2. Do not remove reference lists within info boxes
  3. Although implicit, don't remove reference lists embedded elsewhere in page (i.e. not in the last n sections of the page).

This should ensure that references that are "part of the content" remain so. It also allows us to remove large lists from the end of a page in order to deliver it performantly and to be able to construct a custom UI on the client.

NOTE: It should be noted that even if a reference list is NOT removed, it will still be returned in the JSON references API. So there is some minor duplication. However, this should not adversely affect the size of the data as references lists within the content (not in a reference section at the end of a page) are typically very small in size.

The primary goal of lazy loading references is to remove the rather large lists that occur at the end of a page.

From parent ticket:

This is for the next generation of MCS/PCS (Page Content Service) page content.

The goal of this is to reduce the payload for references by replacing the children of the <ol> tags that wrap references with a placeholder element (<div>?). To look for the reference <ol> tags we can use ol[typeof='mw:Extension/references'].

Clients then can later request the reference list information of the same revision through another endpoint (e.g. /page/references/:title/:rev) and merge the content into each placeholder.

The placeholder element needs:

  1. a class to signify that it is a placeholder for references, so that clients could add onclick handlers if desired (class=mw-references-placeholder) and
  2. an identifier of the references list so that clients can find the right place in the DOM to replace the placeholder with the original <ol> tag (to get it in the original state). A client may also chose to add a new onclick handler on the <ol> tag for collapsing/opening the references list if desired.

Background

Details

Related Gerrit Patches:
mediawiki/services/mobileapps : mastermobile-html: Add about attribute to placeholder element

Related Objects

StatusAssignedTask
OpenNone
ResolvedJhernandez
ResolvedbearND
OpenNone
ResolvedJhernandez
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
DeclinedNone
ResolvedFjalapeno
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
DeclinedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
DuplicateNone
ResolvedMholloway
DeclinedNone
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
Resolvedovasileva
Resolvedphuedx
Resolvedphuedx
DuplicateNone
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
DuplicateNone
Duplicateovasileva
Resolvedovasileva
DuplicateNone
DeclinedNone
DuplicateJdlrobson
ResolvedMhurd
DeclinedJMinor
Resolvedphuedx
ResolvedPchelolo
ResolvedJdlrobson
DeclinedPchelolo
Resolvedphuedx
DeclinedJdlrobson
DuplicateNone
ResolvedFjalapeno
Resolvedphuedx
Declinedpmiazga
DeclinedNone
Resolvedphuedx
DeclinedNone
ResolvedPchelolo
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMSantos
ResolvedMholloway
InvalidNone
ResolvedJdlrobson
InvalidNone
DuplicateNone
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
Resolvedphuedx
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedMholloway
DuplicateNone
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
Resolvedphuedx
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedJdlrobson
ResolvedbearND
Resolvedmobrovac
ResolvedABorbaWMF
ResolvedABorbaWMF
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
DeclinedNone
ResolvedMholloway
ResolvedMholloway
DeclinedNone
ResolvedPchelolo
ResolvedMholloway
InvalidNone
ResolvedPchelolo
ResolvedbearND
DeclinedNone
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedbearND
OpenNone
ResolvedJhernandez
ResolvedbearND
ResolvedMSantos

Event Timeline

bearND created this task.Jun 26 2017, 3:19 PM

To clarify, are you planning to do this removal right in the mobile base HTML layer, or in the per-device layer?

@GWicke I don't think we have finalized that yet.

Three questions off the top of my head that will help finalize this:

  1. Does anyone have a use case for leaving this in? (Are there clients who want display references inline?)
  2. What is the "cost" of leaving it here and then removing it in an upper layer? Are we caching extra objects or are we removing it on the fly with every API call?
  3. The apps and web perform other "transforms" locally like lazy loading of images and widening of images. We haven't brought those in yet. Where do those fit in? They seem similar in in level.

Drawing the layer boundary at markup would keep things as general and reusable as possible, and would also allow us to (gradually) integrate this markup into the general HTML markup standard.

The downside of the general approach is that HTML will always need processing if all mobile use cases are serving references separately. While performance of HTML processing should not be an issue (~2ms for a large page), and with the markup it is also very easy to match elements, it could still add a need for processing for some end points where there would otherwise not be one.

Where do you see desktop heading on the references question? If it is clear that references will be served separately across all use cases in the longer term, then this would make a stronger case for splitting out the section right away.

I’m meeting up with design to discus more specifics. I also created some tickets with questions on references.

Once I get a read on those I’ll circle back here.

Fjalapeno updated the task description. (Show Details)Jul 13 2017, 5:00 PM
Fjalapeno updated the task description. (Show Details)Jul 14 2017, 3:55 PM
Fjalapeno updated the task description. (Show Details)
Fjalapeno updated the task description. (Show Details)Jul 18 2017, 3:35 PM

The main problem to be aware:

  • is that the <references /> tag can be put in any section by an editor. A section could also have other HTML/content - so omitting an entire section and relying on references overlays is not the best idea
  • When printing it should be possible to see references (although this is possibly only a problem for web)
  • A page can have multiple reference groups displayed in different locations. I can't find any examples right now but usually anything with a "Notes" section probably also has a "References" section
  • references can be nested. e.g. a reference might appear inside a reference (that is only shown in the references list)

If examples are needed, it's best for us to set some up on the beta cluster or add some instrumentation to find out how common they really are.

Fjalapeno updated the task description. (Show Details)Jul 28 2017, 8:49 PM

We have code that does this already in MCS in the experimental 'formatted' endpoint

e.g. http://0.0.0.0:6927/en.wikipedia.org/v1/page/formatted/Barack_Obama

A flag isReferenceSection":true is added to any response and HTML of those sections are stripped.

A visit to:
http://0.0.0.0:6927/en.wikipedia.org/v1/page/references/Barack%20Obama
returns only reference sections with HTML intact.

sample output:

{"sections":[{"id":50,"text":"\n\n","toclevel":1,"line":"Notes and references","anchor":"Notes_and_references","isReferenceSection":true},{"id":51,"text":"\n<div class=\"reflist columns references-column-width\" style=\"-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"mw-references\"><li id=\"cite_note-Merriam-Webster_Dictionary-1\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Merriam-Webster_Dictionary-1\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBOc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Barak\">\"Barak\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBO8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Hussein\">\"Hussein\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBPc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Obama\">\"Obama\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Dictionary.com-2\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Dictionary.com-2\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBQA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Barak\">\"Barak\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBQk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Hussein\">\"Hussein\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBRI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Obama\">\"Obama\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-3\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-3\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/other/president_obama_job_approval-1044.html\">https://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/other/president_obama_job_approval-1044.html</a></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-biography-4\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-biography-4\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBRs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20091026043047/http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama\">\"President Barack Obama\"</a>. The White House. 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama\">the original</a> on 26 October 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 12,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-birth-certificate-5\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-birth-certificate-5\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBSM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20170303062746/https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/birth-certificate-long-form.pdf\">\"Certificate of Live Birth: Barack Hussein Obama II, August 4, 1961, 7:24<span>&nbsp;</span>pm, Honolulu\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Department of Health, State of Hawaii</i>. The White House. April 27, 2011. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/birth-certificate-long-form.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on March 3, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 11,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-maraniss-6\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-maraniss-6\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBS8\">Maraniss, David (August 24, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/23/AR2008082301620.html\">\"Though Obama had to leave to find himself, it is Hawaii that made his rise possible\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Washington_Post\" title=\"The Washington Post\">The Washington Post</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A22<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-7\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-7\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBTk\">Nakaso, Dan (December 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2008/Dec/22/ln/hawaii812220320.html\">\"Twin sisters, Obama on parallel paths for years\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Honolulu_Advertiser\" title=\"The Honolulu Advertiser\">The Honolulu Advertiser</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-8\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-8\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBUM\">Rudin, Ken (December 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/blogs/politicaljunkie/2009/12/todays_junkie_segment_on_totn_5.html\">\"Today's Junkie segment on TOTN: a political review Of 2009\"</a>. <i>Talk of the Nation (Political Junkie blog)</i>. NPR<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>. <q>We began with the historic inauguration on January 20 – yes, the first president ever born in Hawaii</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-BarretoO.E2.80.99Bryant2013-9\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-BarretoO.E2.80.99Bryant2013-9\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBUw\">Barreto, Amílcar Antonio; O’Bryant, Richard L. (2013-11-12). \"Introduction\". <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=5VQVAgAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT18\"><i>American Identity in the Age of Obama</i></a>. Taylor &amp; Francis. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>18–19. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/9781317937159\" title=\"Special:BookSources/9781317937159\">9781317937159</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">8 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-10\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-10\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 12.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-11\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-11\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwBVg\">Smolenyak, Megan Smolenyak (November–December 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=ITgEAAAAMBAJ&amp;pg=PA46\">\"The quest for Obama's Irish roots\"</a>. <i>Ancestry</i>. <b>26</b> (6): 46–47, 49. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/1075-475X\">1075-475X</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 20,</span> 2011</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBWY\">Smolenyak, Megan (May 9, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/megan-smolenyak-smolenyak/tracing-barack-obamas-roo_b_859151.html\">\"Tracing Barack Obama's Roots to Moneygall\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Huffington_Post\" title=\"The Huffington Post\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Huffington Post</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 19,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBXA\">Rising, David; Noelting, Christoph (June 4, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2009-06-04-obama-roots_N.htm\">\"Researchers: Obama has German roots\"</a>. USAToday.com. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBXg\">Hutton, Brian; Nickerson, Matthew (May 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(For%20sure)%20(%20Obama's%20South%20Side%20Irish)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(For%20sure)%20(%20Obama's%20South%20Side%20Irish)&amp;xcal_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;xcal_useweights=no\">\"For sure, Obama's South Side Irish; One of his roots traces back to small village\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. Press Association of Ireland. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBYM\">Jordon, Mary (May 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/12/AR2007051201551.html\">\"Tiny Irish village is latest place to claim Obama as its own\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A14<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 13,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBY0\">David Williamson (July 5, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110521140204/http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/welsh-politics/welsh-politics-news/2008/07/05/genealogists-discover-a-red-dragon-breathing-fire-in-us-presidential-candidate-s-past-91466-21266440/\">\"Wales link in US presidential candidate's past\"</a>. <i>www.walesonline.co.uk</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/welsh-politics/welsh-politics-news/2008/07/05/genealogists-discover-a-red-dragon-breathing-fire-in-us-presidential-candidate-s-past-91466-21266440/\">the original</a> on May 21, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 30,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Jones_2007-12\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Jones_2007-12\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBZY\">Jones, Tim (March 27, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://gbppr.dyndns.org/~gbpprorg/obama/barack.mother.txt\">\"Barack Obama: Mother not just a girl from Kansas; Stanley Ann Dunham shaped a future senator\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Chicago_Tribune\" title=\"Chicago Tribune\">Chicago Tribune</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Tempo).</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Obama_1995.2C_2004.2C_pp._9.E2.80.9310-13\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Obama_1995.2C_2004.2C_pp._9.E2.80.9310-13\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 9–10.\n<ul><li> Scott (2011), pp. 80–86.</li>\n<li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 115–118.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 154–160.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Ripley_2008-14\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Ripley_2008-14\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBaI\">Ripley, Amanda (April 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1729685,00.html\">\"The story of Barack Obama's mother\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Time_(magazine)\" title=\"Time (magazine)\">Time</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 9,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-15\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-15\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), p. 86.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 125–127.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 160–163.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-16\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-16\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 87–93.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 115–118, 125–127, 133–161.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 170–183, 188–189.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-17\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-17\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 142–144.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 161–177, 227–230.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 190–194, 201–209, 227–230.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-18\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-18\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBbQ\">Ochieng, Philip (November 1, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070927223905/http://www.nationmedia.com/EastAfrican/01112004/Features/PA2-11.html\">\"From home squared to the US Senate: how Barack Obama was lost and found\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_EastAfrican\" title=\"The EastAfrican\">The EastAfrican</a></i>. Nairobi. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nationmedia.com/EastAfrican/01112004/Features/PA2-11.html\">the original</a> on September 27, 2007.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBb4\">Merida, Kevin (December 14, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/story/2007/12/13/ST2007121301893.html\">\"The ghost of a father\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A12<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 25,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 251–255.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 411–417.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-19\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-19\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBck\">Serrano, Richard A. (March 11, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-na-obamahawaii11-2007mar11,0,199085,full.story\">\"Obama's peers didn't see his angst\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 13,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), Chapters 4 and 5.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-20\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-20\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 97–103.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 195–201, 225–230.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-21\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-21\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Maraniss (2012), pp. 195–201, 209–223, 230–244.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-22\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-22\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Maraniss (2012), pp. 216, 221, 230, 234–244.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-23\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-23\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBdY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.calverteducation.com/calvert/barack-obama-calvert-homeschooler\">\"Barack Obama: Calvert Homeschooler? – Calvert Education Blog\"</a>. calverteducation.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-24\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-24\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBd0\">Meacham, Jon (August 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/what-barack-obama-learned-his-father-88011\">\"What Barack Obama Learned from His Father\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/6nNaxJYJG?url=http://www.newsweek.com/what-barack-obama-learned-his-father-88011?rx=us\">Archived</a> from the original on January 9, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 9,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-25\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-25\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBeY\">Serafin, Peter (March 21, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://archives.starbulletin.com/2004/03/21/news/story4.html\">\"Punahou grad stirs up Illinois politics\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Honolulu_Star-Bulletin\" title=\"Honolulu Star-Bulletin\">Honolulu Star-Bulletin</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBfE\">Scott, Janny (March 14, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/14/us/politics/14obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"A free-spirited wanderer who set Obama's path\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 18,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), Chapters 3 and 4.</li>\n<li> Scott (2012), pp. 131–134.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 264–269.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-26\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-26\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBf0\">Wolffe, Richard (March 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/when-barry-became-barack-84255\">\"When Barry Became Barack\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Newsweek\" title=\"Newsweek\">Newsweek</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 21,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-27\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-27\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 139–157.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 279–281.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-28\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-28\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 157–194.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 279–281, 324–326.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-29\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-29\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 214, 294, 317–346.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-30\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-30\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBgo\">Reyes, B.J. (February 8, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://archives.starbulletin.com/2007/02/08/news/story02.html\">\"Punahou left lasting impression on Obama\"</a>. <i>Honolulu Star-Bulletin</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 10,</span> 2007</span>. <q>As a teenager, Obama went to parties and sometimes sought out gatherings on military bases or at the University of Hawaii that were mostly attended by blacks.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-31\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-31\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBhM\">Elliott, Philip (November 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20120407214401/http://articles.boston.com/2007-11-21/news/29233371_1_barack-obama-education-plan-campaign-trail\">\"Obama gets blunt with N.H. students\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. Associated Press. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8A. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.boston.com/2007-11-21/news/29233371_1_barack-obama-education-plan-campaign-trail\">the original</a> on April 7, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-32\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-32\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBh0\">Karl, Jonathan (May 25, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/05/obama-and-his-pot-smoking-choom-gang/\">\"Obama and his pot-smoking \"choom gang<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\"</a>. ABC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 25,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBic\">Obama, Barack (2004) [1995]. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=HRCHJp-V0QUC&amp;pg=PA93\"><i>Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance</i></a>. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>93–94<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBjE\">Maraniss, David (2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=Wnna9CLtblAC&amp;&amp;q=choom\"><i>Barack Obama: The Story</i></a>. pages with \"choom gang\"<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> for analysis of the political impact of the quote and Obama's more recent admission that he smoked marijuana as a teenager (\"When I was a kid, I inhaled\"), see:</li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBjs\">Seelye, Katharine Q. (October 24, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D07E2DB173FF937A15753C1A9609C8B63\">\"Obama offers more variations from the norm\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A21<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2006</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBkU\">Romano, Lois (January 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/02/AR2007010201359.html\">\"Effect of Obama's candor remains to be seen\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-33\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-33\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBk4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://video.pbs.org/video/2288869682/\">\"FRONTLINE The Choice 2012\"</a>. PBS. October 9, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Occidental-34\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Occidental-34\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBlU\">Gordon, Larry (January 29, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100524102944/http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/29/local/me-oxy29\">\"Occidental recalls 'Barry' Obama\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/29/local/me-oxy29\">the original</a> on May 24, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBmE\">Possley, Maurice (March 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703291042mar30-archive,0,1533921.story\">\"Activism blossomed in college\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>20. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101009204342/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703291042mar30-archive%2C0%2C1533921.story\">Archived</a> from the original on October 9, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBmw\">Kovaleski, Serge F. (February 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/09/us/politics/09obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Old friends say drugs played bit part in Obama's young life\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBnY\">Rohter, Larry (April 10, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/10/us/politics/10obama.html\">\"Obama says real-life experience trumps rivals' foreign policy credits\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A18<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBoA\">Adam Goldman; Robert Tanner (May 15, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/2008-05-15-3144401415_x.htm\">\"Old friends recall Obama's years in LA, NYC\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBok\">Helman, Scott (August 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/politics/2008/articles/2008/08/25/small_college_awakened_future_senator_to_service/?page=full\">\"Small college awakened future senator to service (subscription archive)\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBpM\">Jackson, Brooks (June 5, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.factcheck.org/2009/06/more-birther-nonsense-obamas-1981-pakistan-trip\">\"More 'birther' nonsense: Obama's 1981 Pakistan trip\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBps\">Remnick, David (2010). <i><a href=\"./The_Bridge:_The_Life_and_Rise_of_Barack_Obama\" title=\"The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama\">The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama</a></i>. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>98–112. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\">978-1-4000-4360-6</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 92–112.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 55–62.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-35\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-35\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBqc\">Boss-Bicak, Shira (January 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.college.columbia.edu/cct_archive/jan05/cover.php\">\"Barack Obama '83\"</a>. <i>Columbia College Today</i>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0572-7820\">0572-7820</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 1,</span> 2006</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-36\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-36\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBrI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/06/26/remarks-president-town-hall\">\"Remarks by the President in Town Hall\"</a>. <i>whitehouse.gov</i>. June 26, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 15,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-37\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-37\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBro\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nymag.com/arts/all/approvalmatrix/approval-matrix-2012-8-27/\">\"The Approval Matrix\"</a>. <i>New York</i>. August 27, 2012.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-38\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-38\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBsA\">Horsley, Scott (9 July 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=92337754\">\"Obama's Early Brush With Financial Markets\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\">NPR</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">2017-07-17</span></span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-39\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-39\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBsk\">Obama, Barack (1998). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20010509024017/http://www.law.uchicago.edu/faculty/obama/cv.html\">\"Curriculum vitae\"</a>. The University of Chicago Law School. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.law.uchicago.edu/faculty/obama/cv.html\">the original</a> on May 9, 2001<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 1,</span> 2006</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBtM\">Issenberg, Sasha (August 6, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2008/08/06/obama_shows_hints_of_his_year_in_global_finance/?page=1\">\"Obama shows hints of his year in global finance; Tied markets to social aid\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080809070043/http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2008/08/06/obama_shows_hints_of_his_year_in_global_finance/?page=1\">Archived</a> from the original on August 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-40\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-40\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBt0\">Scott, Janny (July 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/30/us/politics/30obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Obama's account of New York often differs from what others say\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 31,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 133–140.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 62–63.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Who.27s_Who_2008-41\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Who.27s_Who_2008-41\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBuk\">Chassie, Karen, ed. (2007). <i>Who's Who in America, 2008</i>. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3468. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-8379-7011-0\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-8379-7011-0\">978-0-8379-7011-0</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-42\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-42\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBvI\">Fink, Jason (November 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsday.com/news/new-york/obama-stood-out-even-during-brief-1985-nypirg-job-1.885513\">\"Obama stood out, even during brief 1985 NYPIRG job\"</a>. <i>Newsday</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-43\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-43\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBvg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.oprah.com/slideshow/oprahshow/oprahshow1_ss_20061018/10\">\"Keeping Hope Alive: Barack Obama Puts Family First\"</a>. <i>The Oprah Winfrey Show</i>. October 18, 2006<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-44\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-44\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBwA\">Fornek, Scott (September  9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545462,BSX-News-wotrees09.stng\">\"Half Siblings: 'A Complicated Family<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5msGZ6sKn?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545462%2CBSX-News-wotrees09.stng\">Archived</a> from the original on January 18, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBwo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080703042659/http://www.suntimes.com/images/cds/special/family_tree.html\">\"Interactive Family Tree\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. September 9, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/images/cds/special/family_tree.html\">the original</a> on July 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-45\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-45\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBxM\">Fornek, Scott (September  9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545449,BSX-News-wotreeee09.stng\">\"Madelyn Payne Dunham: 'A Trailblazer<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5gm7oJqn9?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545449%2CBSX-News-wotreeee09.article\">Archived</a> from the original on May 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-46\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-46\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBx0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/03/obama.grandma/index.html\">\"Obama's grandmother dies after battle with cancer\"</a>. CNN. November 3, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081103235343/http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/03/obama.grandma/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on November 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 4,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-47\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-47\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwByU\">Smolenyak, Megan (May 9, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/megan-smolenyak-smolenyak/tracing-barack-obamas-roo_b_859151.html\">\"Tracing Barack Obama's Roots to Moneygall\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-48\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-48\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 13. For reports on Obama's maternal genealogy, including slave owners, Irish connections, and common ancestors with George W. Bush, <a href=\"./Dick_Cheney\" title=\"Dick Cheney\">Dick Cheney</a>, and <a href=\"./Harry_S._Truman\" title=\"Harry S. Truman\">Harry S. Truman</a>, see: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBy0\">Nitkin, David; Harry Merritt (March 2, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070930033339/http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nationworld/politics/bal-te.obama02mar02%2C0%2C3453027.story\">\"A New Twist to an Intriguing Family History\"</a>. <i>The Baltimore Sun</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nationworld/politics/bal-te.obama02mar02,0,3453027.story\">the original</a> on September 30, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBzY\">Jordan, Mary (May 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/12/AR2007051201551.html\">\"Tiny Irish Village Is Latest Place to Claim Obama as Its Own\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBz4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080602215833/http://cbs2chicago.com/topstories/Barack.Obama.family.2.339709.html\">\"Obama's Family Tree Has a Few Surprises\"</a>. CBS 2 (Chicago). Associated Press. September 8, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://cbs2chicago.com/topstories/Barack.Obama.family.2.339709.html\">the original</a> on June 2, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-in_Jakarta-49\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-in_Jakarta-49\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB0Y\">Zimmer, Benjamin (2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1025\">\"Obama's Indonesian Redux\"</a>. Language Log. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090303094040/http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1025\">Archived</a> from the original on March 3, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 12,</span> 2009</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB1A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081203010718/http://cetak.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/11/26/00223862/obama.saya.kangen.nasi.goreng.bakso.dan.rambutan\">\"Obama: Saya Kangen Nasi Goreng, Bakso, dan Rambutan\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Kompas\" title=\"Kompas\">Kompas</a></i> (in Indonesian). November 26, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://cetak.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/11/26/00223862/obama.saya.kangen.nasi.goreng.bakso.dan.rambutan\">the original</a> on December 3, 2008.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-in_Jakarta2-50\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-in_Jakarta2-50\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB1k\">Zimmer, Benjamin (January 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1052\">\"Obama's Indonesian pleasantries: the video\"</a>. <i>Language Log</i>. <a href=\"./University_of_Pennsylvania\" title=\"University of Pennsylvania\">University of Pennsylvania</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 7,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-51\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-51\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB2I\">Kantor, Jodi (June 1, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/01/us/politics/01hoops.html\">\"One Place Where Obama Goes Elbow to Elbow\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090401222632/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/01/us/politics/01hoops.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 1, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB2s\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.hbo.com/real-sports-with-bryant-gumbel/episodes#/real-sports-with-bryant-gumbel/episodes/0/133-april-15-2008/index.html\">\"The Love of the Game\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(video)</span>. <i>Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel</i>. HBO. April 15, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 12,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-52\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-52\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB3Q\">Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Kirkpatrick, David D.; Shane, Scott (January 22, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/us/politics/22obama.html\">\"On First Day, Obama Quickly Sets a New Tone\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 7,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-53\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-53\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB30\">Silva, Mark (August 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080829134235/http://www.swamppolitics.com/news/politics/blog/2008/08/barack_obama_white_sox_serious.html\">\"Barack Obama: White Sox 'serious' ball\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.swamppolitics.com/news/politics/blog/2008/08/barack_obama_white_sox_serious.html\">the original</a> on August 29, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-54\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-54\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB4Q\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.yardbarker.com/all_sports/articles/barack_obama_explains_white_sox_jacket_talks_nats_in_all_star_booth_visit/803700\">\"Barack Obama Explains White Sox Jacket, Talks Nats in All-Star Booth Visit\"</a>. MLB Fanhouse. July 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 6,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Steelers-55\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Steelers-55\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB4s\">Branigin, William (January 30, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/29/AR2009012903196.html\">\"Steelers Win Obama's Approval\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. <q>But other than the Bears, the Steelers are probably the team that's closest to my heart.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-56\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-56\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB5I\">Mayer, Larry (October 7, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagobears.com/news/article-1/85-Bears-honored-by-President-Obama-at-White-House/A3C494F7-6681-44BB-850A-61EEE18315E4\">\"1985 Bears honored by President Obama\"</a>. <a href=\"./Chicago_Bears\" title=\"Chicago Bears\">Chicago Bears</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 4,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-theindependentbeforemichelle-57\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-theindependentbeforemichelle-57\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB5o\">Hosie, Rachel (3 May 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/before-michelle-barack-obama-sheila-miyoshi-jager-engagement-chicago-us-president-david-j-garrow-a7714771.html\">\"BEFORE MICHELLE: THE STORY OF BARACK OBAMA'S PROPOSAL TO SHEILA MIYOSHI JAGER\"</a>. <i>The Independent</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">11 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-tobiasoberlincollegeprofessor-58\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-tobiasoberlincollegeprofessor-58\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB6I\">Tobias, Andrew J. (May 3, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cleveland.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/05/oberlin_college_professor_rece.html\">\"Oberlin College professor received unsuccessful marriage proposal from Barack Obama in 1980s, new biography reveals\"</a>. <i>The Plain Dealer</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">11 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-59\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-59\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), pp. 327–332. See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB6o\">Brown, Sarah (December 7, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090220165725/http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/2005/12/07/14049/\">\"Obama '85 masters balancing act\"</a>. <i>The Daily Princetonian</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/2005/12/07/14049\">the original</a> on February 20, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-60\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-60\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), p. 329.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-61\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-61\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB7M\">Fornek, Scott (October  3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/585261,CST-NWS-wedding03.stng\">\"Michelle Obama: 'He Swept Me Off My Feet<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5msGZDbMO?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/585261%2CCST-NWS-wedding03.stng\">Archived</a> from the original on January 18, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-62\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-62\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB70\">Martin, Jonathan (July 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/blogs/jonathanmartin/0708/Born_on_the_4th_of_July.html\">\"Born on the 4th of July\"</a>. <i>Politico</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080710073536/http://www.politico.com/blogs/jonathanmartin/0708/Born_on_the_4th_of_July.html\">Archived</a> from the original on July 10, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-63\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-63\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 440, and Obama (2006), pp. 339–340. See also:<cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB8Y\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gannettnewsservice.com/?cat=153\">\"Election 2008 Information Center: Barack Obama\"</a>. Gannett News Service<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-64\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-64\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB80\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090129194323/http://iht.com/articles/ap/2008/11/22/america/Obama-School.php\">\"Obamas choose private Sidwell Friends School\"</a>. <i>International Herald Tribune</i>. November 22, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://iht.com/articles/ap/2008/11/22/america/Obama-School.php\">the original</a> on January 29, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-65\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-65\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB9Y\">Cooper, Helene (April 13, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/13/us/politics/13obama.html\">\"One Obama Search Ends With a Puppy Named Bo\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Feldmann-66\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Feldmann-66\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB94\">Feldmann, Linda (August 20, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/DC-Decoder/Decoder-Wire/2013/0820/New-little-girl-arrives-at-White-House.-Meet-Sunny-Obama.-video\">\"New little girl arrives at White House. Meet Sunny Obama. (+video)\"</a>. <i id=\"mwB-A\"><a href=\"./The_Christian_Science_Monitor\" title=\"The Christian Science Monitor\" id=\"mwB-E\">The Christian Science Monitor</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwB-I\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwB-M\">August 20,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-67\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-67\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB-c\">Zeleny, Jeff (December 24, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-051224obama,0,1779783,full.story\" id=\"mwB-g\">\"The first time around: Sen. Obama's freshman year\"</a>. <i id=\"mwB-k\">Chicago Tribune</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110513214525/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-051224obama%2C0%2C1779783%2Cfull.story\" id=\"mwB-o\">Archived</a> from the original on May 13, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwB-s\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwB-w\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-corruption_charges-68\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-corruption_charges-68\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB_A\">Slevin, Peter (December 17, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/16/AR2006121600729.html\">\"Obama says he regrets land deal with fundraiser\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB_o\">Robinson, Mike (June 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24973282/\">\"Rezko found guilty in corruption case\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080607025656/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24973282/\">Archived</a> from the original on June 7, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-69\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-69\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCAI\">Harris, Marlys (December 7, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0712/gallery.candidates.moneymag/5.html\">\"Obama's Money\"</a>. CNNMoney.com. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080424113420/http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0712/gallery.candidates.moneymag/5.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 24, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><br id=\"mwCAo\">See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCAs\">Goldfarb, Zachary A (March 24, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/24/AR2007032400305.html\">\"Measuring Wealth of the '08 Candidates\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-70\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-70\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCBM\">Zeleny, Jeff (April 17, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/politics/17obama.html\">\"Book Sales Lifted Obamas' Income in 2007 to a Total of $4.2<span>&nbsp;</span>Million\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090416015848/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/politics/17obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-71\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-71\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCB0\">Shear, Michael D.; Hilzenrath, David S. (April 16, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/15/AR2010041504485.html\">\"Obamas report $5.5<span>&nbsp;</span>million in income on 2009 tax return\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-72\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-72\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCCY\">Solman, Paul (April 18, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110502113725/http://www.pbs.org/newshour/businessdesk/2011/04/how-much-did-president-obama-m.html\">\"How Much Did President Obama Make in 2010?\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./PBS_NewsHour\" title=\"PBS NewsHour\">PBS NewsHour</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/newshour/businessdesk/2011/04/how-much-did-president-obama-m.html\">the original</a> on May 2, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 27,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-73\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-73\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCDA\">Solman, Paul (April 27, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20140129072652/http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/the-obamas-gave-131000-to-the-fisher-house-foundation-last-year-what-is-it.html\">\"The Obamas Gave $131,000 to Fisher House Foundation in 2010; What Is It?\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./PBS_NewsHour\" title=\"PBS NewsHour\">PBS NewsHour</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/the-obamas-gave-131000-to-the-fisher-house-foundation-last-year-what-is-it.html\">the original</a> on January 29, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 27,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-networth12-74\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-networth12-74\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCDo\">Wolf, Richard (May 16, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.usatoday.com/communities/theoval/post/2012/05/obama-worth-as-much-as-10-million/1\">\"Obama worth as much as $10<span>&nbsp;</span>million\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./USA_Today\" title=\"USA Today\">USA Today</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 16,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-reuters-smoking-75\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-reuters-smoking-75\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Elsner, Alan (December 7, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2008/12/07/us-usa-obama-smoking-idUSTRE4B61GF20081207\">Obama says he won't be smoking in White House\"</a>. Reuters. Retrieved February 28, 2010.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-76\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-76\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Zengerle, Patricia (February 8, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/08/us-obama-smoking-idUSTRE7176EL20110208\">\"Yes, he did: first lady says Obama quit smoking\"</a>. Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2011.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-77\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-77\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCEY\">Obama, Barack (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.glamour.com/story/glamour-exclusive-president-barack-obama-says-this-is-what-a-feminist-looks-like\">\"Glamour Exclusive: President Barack Obama Says, \"This Is What a Feminist Looks Like<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\"</a>. <i>Glamour</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-78\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-78\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCE8\">Victor, Daniel (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/05/us/obama-writes-feminist-essay-in-glamour.html\">\"Obama Writes Feminist Essay in Glamour\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-79\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-79\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCFc\">Kelly, Cara (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/entertainthis/2016/08/04/president-obama-glamour-s-important-sasha-and-malias-dad-feminist/88061556/\">\"President Obama in 'Glamour': It's important Sasha and Malia's dad is a feminist\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Christian-80\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Christian-80\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCGE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090123091100/http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/obama\">\"American President: Barack Obama\"</a>. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/obama\">the original</a> on January 23, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 23,</span> 2009</span>. <q>Religion: Christian</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCGs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110105040018/http://www.fightthesmears.com/file_download/2/baracksfaith.pdf\">\"The Truth about Barack's Faith\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Obama for America. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fightthesmears.com/file_download/2/baracksfaith.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on January 5, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 1,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCHY\">Miller, Lisa (July 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/145971\">\"Finding his faith\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100206163704/http://www.newsweek.com/id/145971\">Archived</a> from the original on February 6, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 4,</span> 2010</span>. <q>He is now a Christian, having been baptized in the early 1990s at Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCIE\">Barakat, Matthew (November 17, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757\">\"Obama's church choice likely to be scrutinized; D.C. churches have started extending invitations to Obama and his family\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090124004315/http://msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757\">Archived</a> from the original on January 24, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 20,</span> 2009</span>. <q>The United Church of Christ, the denomination from which Obama resigned when he left Wright's church, issued a written invitation to join a UCC denomination in Washington and resume his connections to the church.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCIs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.ucc.org/news/obama-inauguration.html\">\"Barack Obama, long time UCC member, inaugurated forty-fourth U.S. President\"</a>. United Church of Christ. January 20, 2009. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090125002304/http://www.ucc.org/news/obama-inauguration.html\">Archived</a> from the original on January 25, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 21,</span> 2009</span>. <q>Barack Obama, who spent more than 20 years as a UCC member, is the forty-fourth President of the United States.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCJU\">Sullivan, Amy (June 29, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1907610,00.html\">\"The Obama's find a church home<span>&nbsp;</span>– away from home\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 5,</span> 2010</span>. <q>instead of joining a congregation in Washington, D.C., he will follow in George W. Bush's footsteps and make his primary place of worship Evergreen Chapel, the nondenominational church at Camp David.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCKA\">Kornblut, Anne E. (February 4, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/03/AR2010020303619.html\">\"Obama's spirituality is largely private, but it's influential, advisers say\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 5,</span> 2010</span>. <q>Obama prays privately<span>&nbsp;</span>... And when he takes his family to Camp David on the weekends, a Navy chaplain ministers to them, with the daughters attending a form of Sunday school there.</q></cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-social_change-81\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-social_change-81\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), pp. 202–208. Portions excerpted in: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCKs\">Obama, Barack (October 16, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1546579,00.html\">\"My Spiritual Journey\"</a>. <i>Time</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080430051154/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0%2C9171%2C1546579%2C00.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCLY\">Obama, Barack (June 28, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090104231501/http://obama.senate.gov/speech/060628-call_to_renewal/\">\"<span style=\"padding-left:0.2em;\">'</span>Call to Renewal' Keynote Address\"</a>. Barack Obama: U.S. Senator for Illinois. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/speech/060628-call_to_renewal/\">the original</a> on January 4, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 16,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-82\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-82\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCL8\">Pulliam, Sarah; Olsen, Ted (January 23, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/januaryweb-only/104-32.0.html?start=2\">\"Q&amp;A: Barack Obama\"</a>. <i>Christianity Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 4,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-APbychoice-83\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-APbychoice-83\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCMc\">Charles Babington; Darlene Superville (September 28, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110511232554/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/28/obama-christian-by-choice_n_742124.html?view=print\">\"Obama 'Christian By Choice': President Responds To Questioner\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>. Associated Press. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/28/obama-christian-by-choice_n_742124.html?view=print\">the original</a> on May 11, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ABCVideobychoice-84\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ABCVideobychoice-84\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCM4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2010/09/president-obama-i-am-a-christian-by-choicethe-precepts-of-jesus-spoke-to-me.html\">\"President Obama: 'I am a Christian By Choice...The Precepts of Jesus Spoke to Me<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <a href=\"./ABC_News\" title=\"ABC News\">ABC News</a>. September 29, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 27,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Trinity-85\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Trinity-85\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCNc\">Garrett, Major; Obama, Barack (March 14, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2008/03/obama_talks_to_major_garrett_o.html\">\"Obama talks to Major Garrett on 'Hannity &amp; Colmes<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. RealClearPolitics<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>Major Garrett, Fox News correspondent: So the first question, how long have you been a member in good standing of that church? Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL), presidential candidate: You know, I've been a member since 1991 or '92. And<span>&nbsp;</span>– but I have known Trinity even before then when I was a community organizer on the South Side, helping steel workers find jobs<span>&nbsp;</span>... Garrett: As a member in good standing, were you a regular attendee of Sunday services? Obama: You know, I won't say that I was a perfect attendee. I was regular in spurts, because there was times when, for example, our child had just been born, our first child. And so we didn't go as regularly then.</q></cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCOQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24371827/\">\"Obama strongly denounces former pastor\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. April 29, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>I have been a member of Trinity United Church of Christ since 1992, and have known Reverend Wright for 20 years,\" Obama said. \"The person I saw yesterday was not the person that I met 20 years ago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCO0\">Miller, Lisa (July 11, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130720055213/http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/07/11/finding-his-faith.html\">\"Finding his faith\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/07/11/finding-his-faith.html\">the original</a> on July 20, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>He is now a Christian, having been baptized in the early 1990s at Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCPg\">Remnick, David (2010). <i><a href=\"./The_Bridge:_The_Life_and_Rise_of_Barack_Obama\" title=\"The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama\">The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama</a></i>. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p.<span>&nbsp;</span><span class=\"plainlinks\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=F6HAasv2v-4C&amp;pg=PA177\">177</a></span>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\">978-1-4000-4360-6</a>. <q>In late October 1987, his third year as an organizer, Obama went with Kellman to a conference on the black church and social justice at the Harvard Divinity School.</q></cite></li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), <span class=\"plainlinks\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=Wnna9CLtblAC&amp;pg=PT887\">p. 557</a></span>: It would take time for Obama to join and become fully engaged in Wright's church, a place where he would be baptized and married; that would not happen until later, during his second time around in Chicago, but the process started then, in October 1987<span>&nbsp;</span>... Jerry Kellman: \"He wasn't a member of the church during those first three years, but he was drawn to Jeremiah.\"</li>\n<li> <a href=\"./Peter_Baker_(author)\" title=\"Peter Baker (author)\">Peter Baker</a>: <i>Obama: The Call of History</i>, New York Times/Callaway, New York, 2017, <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a> <a href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-935112-90-1\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-935112-90-1\">0-935112-90-1</a>.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-86\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-86\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCQ4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757/\">\"Obama's church choice likely to be scrutinized\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. November 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 20,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-87\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-87\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Parker, Ashley. \"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/29/us/as-the-obamas-celebrate-christmas-rituals-of-faith-stay-on-the-sidelines.html\">As the Obamas Celebrate Christmas, Rituals of Faith Become Less Visible</a>,\" <i>The New York Times</i>, December 28, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-88\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-88\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Gilgoff, Dan. \"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/god-and-country/2009/06/30/time-report-white-house-reaction-raise-more-questions-about-obamas-church-hunt\">TIME Report, White House Reaction Raise More Questions About Obama's Church Hunt</a>,\" <i>U.S. News &amp; World Report</i>, June 30, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-89\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-89\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">\"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://washington.cbslocal.com/2014/04/22/first-lady-we-use-sundays-for-naps-if-were-not-going-to-church/\">First Lady: We Use Sundays For Naps If We're Not Going To Church</a>,\" <i>CBS DC</i>, April 22, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-90\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-90\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCRs\">Lizza, Ryan (March 19, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/the-agitator-barack-obamas-unlikely-political-education\">\"The agitator: Barack Obama's unlikely political education\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>236 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>12. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>22–26, 28–29. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0028-6583\">0028-6583</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 21,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCSs\">Bob Secter; John McCormick (March 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20091214172131/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703300121mar30-archive%2C0%2C2491692%2Cfull.story\">\"Portrait of a pragmatist\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703300121mar30-archive,0,2491692,full.story\">the original</a> on December 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 140–295.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 63–83.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990a-91\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990a-91\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCTc\">Matchan, Linda (February 15, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/politics/2008/articles/1990/02/15/a_law_review_breakthrough\">\"A Law Review breakthrough\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>29<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCUI\">Corr, John (February 27, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_multi=PI%7CDN%7C&amp;p_product=PHNP&amp;p_theme=phnp&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_trackval=PHNP&amp;s_dispstring=Author%28John%20Corr%29%20AND%20date%2802/27/1990%20to%2002/27/1990%29%20AND%20date%28all%29&amp;p_field_advanced-0=Author&amp;p_text_advanced-0=%28John%20Corr%29&amp;p_bool_advanced-1=AND&amp;p_params_advanced-1=date:B,E&amp;p_field_advanced-1=YMD_date&amp;p_text_advanced-1=%2802/27/1990%20to%2002/27/1990%29Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"From mean streets to hallowed halls\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>The Philadelphia Inquirer</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C01<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-92\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-92\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCUw\">Obama, Barack (August–September 1988). \"Why organize? Problems and promise in the inner city\". <i>Illinois Issues</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>14 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>8–9. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>40–42. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0738-9663\">0738-9663</a>.</cite> reprinted in:<br id=\"mwCVc\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCVg\">Knoepfle, Peg, ed. (1990). <i>After Alinsky: community organizing in Illinois</i>. Springfield, IL: Sangamon State University. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>35–40. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-9620873-3-5\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-9620873-3-5\">0-9620873-3-5</a>. <q>He has also been a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, an organizing institute working throughout the Midwest.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Obama_2012-93\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Obama_2012-93\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCWI\">Obama, Auma (2012). <i>And then life happens: a memoir</i>. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>189–208, 212–216. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-250-01005-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-250-01005-6\">978-1-250-01005-6</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-94\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-94\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 299–437.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 564–570.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-wgbh-95\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-wgbh-95\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bostonlocaltv.org/catalog/V_UDAMVZGA4JEY06N\">\"Ten O'Clock News; Derrick Bell threatens to leave Harvard\"</a>, April 24, 1990, 11:34, <a href=\"./WGBH_Educational_Foundation\" title=\"WGBH Educational Foundation\">WGBH</a>, <a href=\"./American_Archive_of_Public_Broadcasting\" title=\"American Archive of Public Broadcasting\">American Archive of Public Broadcasting</a> (WGBH and the <a href=\"./Library_of_Congress\" title=\"Library of Congress\">Library of Congress</a>), Boston and Washington, D.C., accessed September 23, 2016.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-96\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-96\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCXE\">Joey Del Ponte; Somerville Scout Staff. \"Something in the Water\". <i>Somerville Scout</i> (January/February 2014). p.<span>&nbsp;</span>26.</cite> \"Barack Obama lived in the big, ivy-covered brick building at 365 Broadway<span>&nbsp;</span>... From 1988 to 1991, the future president resided in a basement apartment while attending Harvard Law School.\"</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_2007-97\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_2007-97\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCXg\">Michael Levenson; Jonathan Saltzman (January 28, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2007/01/28/at_harvard_law_a_unifying_voice/?page=full\">\"At Harvard Law, a unifying voice\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCYM\">Kantor, Jodi (January 28, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/28/us/politics/28obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"In law school, Obama found political voice\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCY0\">Mundy, Liza (August 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/08/AR2007080802038_pf.html\">\"A series of fortunate events\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>W10<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 80–92.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990b-98\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990b-98\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCZc\">Butterfield, Fox (February 6, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/1990/02/06/us/first-black-elected-to-head-harvard-s-law-review.html\">\"First black elected to head Harvard's Law Review\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCaI\">Ybarra, Michael J (February 7, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1990-02-07/news/9001110408_1_ann-dunham-chicago-housing-authority-barack-obama\">\"Activist in Chicago now heads Harvard Law Review\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCaw\">Drummond, Tammerlin (March 12, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/60017156.html?dids=60017156:60017156&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Barack Obama's law; Harvard Law Review's first black president plans a life of public service\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>E1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCbc\">Evans, Gaynelle (March 15, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://diverseeducation.com/article/11791/\">\"Opening another door: The saga of Harvard's Barack H. Obama\"</a>. <i>Black Issues in Higher Education</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>7 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>1. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>5. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0742-0277\">0742-0277</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCcY\">Pugh, Allison J. (April 18, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_multi=MH%7C&amp;p_product=MH&amp;p_theme=realcities2&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_site=miami&amp;s_trackval=MH&amp;s_search_type=keyword&amp;s_dispstring=Law%20Review%27s%20first%20black%20president%20aims%20to%20help%20poor%20AND%20date%28all%29&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=%28Law%20Review%27s%20first%20black%20president%20aims%20to%20help%20poor%29Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Law Review's first black president aims to help poor\"</a>. <i>The Miami Herald</i>. Associated Press. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C01<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-99\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-99\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzmmBZ7i4BQ\">Video</a><span> on </span><a href=\"./YouTube\" title=\"YouTube\">YouTube</a></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-100\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-100\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCdI\">Aguilar, Louis (July 11, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/28774085.html?dids=28774085:28774085&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Survey: Law firms slow to add minority partners\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Business)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Juris_Doctor-101\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Juris_Doctor-101\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCds\">Adams, Richard (May 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/may/09/barackobama.uselections20081\">\"Barack Obama\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081013083027/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/may/09/barackobama.uselections20081\">Archived</a> from the original on October 13, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 26,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Scott_2008a-102\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Scott_2008a-102\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCeQ\">Scott, Janny (May 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/18/us/politics/18memoirs.html?pagewanted=all\">\"The story of Obama, written by Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. xiii–xvii.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Fellow-103\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Fellow-103\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCe8\">Merriner, James L. (June 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/June-2008/Obamas-Chicago-Posse/The-Friends-of-O/index.php?cp=2&amp;si=1\">\"The friends of O\"</a>. <i>Chicago</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>57 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>6. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>74–79, 97–99. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0362-4595\">0362-4595</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCf8\">Zengerle, Jason (July 30, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/con-law?id=86dd0277-c6ee-4e3c-83e9-0bb468c5c40d&amp;p=1\">\"Con law; What the University of Chicago right thinks of Obama\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. <b>239</b> (1). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>7–8<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCgo\">Kantor, Jodi (July 30, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/30/us/politics/30law.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Teaching law, testing ideas, Obama stood slightly apart\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwChQ\">Gray, Steven (September 10, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1835238-2,00.html\">\"Taking professor Obama's class\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCh0\">Starr, Alexandra (September 21, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/21/magazine/21obama-t.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Case study\"</a>. <i>The New York Times Magazine</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>76<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCic\">Hundley, Tom (March 22, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-03-22/features/0903200725_1_barack-obama-story-chicago-school-harvard-law\">\"Ivory tower of power\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune Magazine</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-104\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-104\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCjA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.law.uchicago.edu/media/index.html\">\"Statement regarding Barack Obama\"</a>. University of Chicago Law School. March 27, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080608225931/http://www.law.uchicago.edu/media/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on June 8, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCjo\">Miller, Joe (March 28, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://factcheck.org/2008/03/obama-a-constitutional-law-professor/\">\"Was Barack Obama really a constitutional law professor?\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCkI\">Holan, Angie Drobnic (March 7, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2008/mar/07/obamas-20-years-experience\">\"Obama's 20 years of experience\"</a>. PolitiFact.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Forty-105\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Forty-105\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCkk\">White, Jesse, ed. (2000). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20040416120057/http://www.sos.state.il.us/bb/sec4_71_132.pdf\"><i>Illinois Blue Book, 2000, Millennium ed.</i></a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Springfield, IL: Illinois Secretary of State. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>83. <a href=\"./OCLC\" title=\"OCLC\">OCLC</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/oclc/43923973\">43923973</a>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.sos.state.il.us/bb/toc.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwClk\">Jarrett, Vernon (August 11, 1992). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Vernon%20Jarrett)%20AND%20date(8/11/1992%20to%208/11/1992)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=8/11/1992%20to%208/11/1992)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Vernon%20Jarrett)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"<span style=\"padding-left:0.2em;\">'</span>Project Vote' brings power to the people\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>23<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCmU\">Reynolds, Gretchen (January 1993). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/January-1993/Vote-of-Confidence\">\"Vote of confidence\"</a>. <i>Chicago Magazine</i>. <b>42</b> (1). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>53–54. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0362-4595\">0362-4595</a>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080514183643/http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/January-1993/Vote-of-Confidence\">Archived</a> from the original on May 14, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCnQ\">Anderson, Veronica (October 3, 1993). \"40 under Forty: Barack Obama, Director, Illinois Project Vote\". <i>Crain's Chicago Business</i>. <b>16</b> (39). p.<span>&nbsp;</span>43. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0149-6956\">0149-6956</a>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-106\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-106\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCn4\">United States District Court: Northern District of Illinois<span>&nbsp;</span>– CM/ECF LIVE, Ver 3.0 (Chicago) (July 6, 1994). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-9000.pdf\">\"CIVIL DOCKET FOR CASE #: 1:94-cv-04094\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span class=\"citation-comment\" style=\"display:none; color:#33aa33; margin-left:0.3em\">CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (<a href=\"./Category:CS1_maint:_Multiple_names:_authors_list\" title=\"Category:CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list\">link</a>)</span></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-107\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-107\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCos\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/detail.php?id=10112\">\"Buycks-Roberson v. Citibank Fed. Sav. Bank – Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse\"</a>. clearinghouse.net<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-108\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-108\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCpI\">UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT~·':lj FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION (January 16, 1988). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-0008.pdf\">\"Settlement Agreement\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-109\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-109\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCps\">United States District Cuurt For the Northern District of Illinois Eastern Division (May 13, 1998). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-0010.pdf\">\"Final Judgment and Order of Dismissal\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-110\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-110\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCqQ\">Gore, D'Angelo (June 14, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.factcheck.org/2012/06/the-obamas-law-licenses/\">\"The Obamas' Law Licenses\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 16,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-DavisMiner-111\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-DavisMiner-111\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCqs\">Robinson, Mike (February 20, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/education/higher/articles/2007/02/20/obama_got_start_in_civil_rights_practice\">\"Obama got start in civil rights practice\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCrU\">Pallasch, Abdon M. (December 17, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Pallasch)_AND_date(12/17/2007_to_12/17/2007)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=December_17,_2007_to_12/17/2007)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Pallasch)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"As lawyer, Obama was strong, silent type; He was 'smart, innovative, relentless,' and he mostly let other lawyers do the talking\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>4<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCsE\">Morain, Dan (April 6, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/06/nation/na-obamalegal6\">\"Obama's law days effective but brief\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A14<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 14,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCss\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20131204190346/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/doc/283584889.html?FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT&amp;type=current&amp;date=&amp;author=&amp;pub=&amp;edition=&amp;startpage=&amp;desc=\">\"Document\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. June 27, 1993. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>9 (Business). Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/24302659.html?dids=24302659:24302659&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">the original</a> on December 4, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCtg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Business%20appointments)%20AND%20date(7/5/1993%20to%207/5/1993)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=7/5/1993%20to%207/5/1993)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Business%20appointments)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Business appointments\"</a>. <i>Chicago-Sun-Times</i>. July 5, 1993. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>40<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCuQ\">Ripley, Amanda (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,750742,00.html\">\"Obama's ascent\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCu0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080720182856/http://www.lawmbg.com/index.cfm/PageID/2711\">\"About us\"</a>. Miner, Barnhill &amp; Galland<span>&nbsp;</span>– Chicago, Illinois. 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.lawmbg.com/index.cfm/PageID/2711\">the original</a> on July 20, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCvc\">Reardon, Patrick T. (June 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/travel/chi-obama-chicago-htmlstory,0,506256.htmlstory\">\"Obama's Chicago\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Tempo)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 438–439.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 104–106.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-112\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-112\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCwI\">Jackson, David; Ray Long (April 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081011054057/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/obama/chi-070403obama-ballot-archive%2C0%2C5693903.story\">\"Obama Knows His Way Around a Ballot\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/obama/chi-070403obama-ballot-archive,0,5693903.story\">the original</a> on October 11, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCw0\"><a href=\"./Jesse_White_(politician)\" title=\"Jesse White (politician)\">White, Jesse</a> (2001). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080226221919/http://www.sos.state.il.us/publications/02bluebook/legislative_branch/legdistrictmaps.pdf\">\"Legislative Districts of Cook County, 1991 Reapportionment\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Illinois Blue Book 2001–2002</i>. Springfield: <a href=\"./Illinois_Secretary_of_State\" title=\"Illinois Secretary of State\">Illinois Secretary of State</a>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>65<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 16,</span> 2011</span>.</cite> State Sen. District 13 = State Rep. Districts 25 &amp; 26.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-113\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-113\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCxk\">Slevin, Peter (February 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/08/AR2007020802262.html\">\"Obama Forged Political Mettle in Illinois Capitol\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCyE\">Helman, Scott (September 23, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/09/23/in_illinois_obama_dealt_with_lobbyists/\">\"In Illinois, Obama dealt with Lobbyists\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416235513/http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/09/23/in_illinois_obama_dealt_with_lobbyists/\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCyo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/17/politics/main2369157.shtml\">\"Obama Record May Be Gold Mine for Critics\"</a>. CBS News. Associated Press. January 17, 2007. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080412223055/http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/17/politics/main2369157.shtml\">Archived</a> from the original on April 12, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Scott20070730-114\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Scott20070730-114\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCzI\">Scott, Janny (July 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/30/us/politics/30obama.html\">\"In Illinois, Obama Proved Pragmatic and Shrewd\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081210135903/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/30/us/politics/30obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 10, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-115\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-115\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCzs\">Allison, Melissa (December 15, 2000). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/65214450.html?dids=65214450:65214450&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"State takes on predatory lending; Rules would halt single-premium life insurance financing\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Business). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080617151154/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/65214450.html?dids=65214450%3A65214450&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT\">Archived</a> from the original on June 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC0Y\">Ray Long; Melissa Allison (April 18, 2001). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/71459393.html?dids=71459393:71459393&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Illinois OKs predatory loan curbs; State aims to avert home foreclosures\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-116\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-116\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC1A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20000824102110/http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">\"13th District: Barack Obama\"</a>. Illinois State Senate Democrats. August 24, 2000. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">the original</a> on April 12, 2000<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC1g\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20040802233730/http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">\"13th District: Barack Obama\"</a>. Illinois State Senate Democrats. October 9, 2004. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">the original</a> on August 2, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Democratic_primary-117\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Democratic_primary-117\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC2A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2000/ilh.htm\">\"Federal Elections 2000: U.S. House Results<span>&nbsp;</span>– Illinois\"</a>. <a href=\"./Federal_Election_Commission\" title=\"Federal Election Commission\">Federal Election Commission</a>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080328011936/http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2000/ilh.htm\">Archived</a> from the original on March 28, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC2w\">Gonyea, Dan (September 19, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110218211819/http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14502364\">\"Obama's Loss May Have Aided White House Bid\"</a>. NPR. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14502364\">the original</a> on February 18, 2011.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC3M\">Scott, Janny (September 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/09/us/politics/09obama.html\">\"A Streetwise Veteran Schooled Young Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080321122541/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/09/us/politics/09obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 21, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC30\">McClelland, Edward (February 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/02/12/obama_natural/\">\"How Obama Learned to Be a Natural\"</a>. <i>Salon</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080308133402/http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/02/12/obama_natural/\">Archived</a> from the original on March 8, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC4c\">Wolffe, Richard; Daren Briscoe (July 16, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/33156\">\"Across the Divide\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080418014600/http://www.newsweek.com/id/33156\">Archived</a> from the original on April 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC5E\">Helman, Scott (October 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/10/12/early_defeat_launched_a_rapid_political_climb/\">\"Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC5o\">Wills, Christopher (October 24, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/2007-10-24-3157940059_x.htm\">\"Obama learned from failed Congress run\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-118\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-118\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC6I\">Calmes, Jackie (February 23, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080918032039/http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB117219748197216894-Sn6oV_4KLQHp_xz7CjYLuyjv3Jg_20070324.html\">\"Statehouse Yields Clues to Obama\"</a>. <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/public/article/SB117219748197216894-Sn6oV_4KLQHp_xz7CjYLuyjv3Jg_20070324.html\">the original</a> on September 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-119\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-119\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC6s\">Tavella, Anne Marie (April 14, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ADHB&amp;p_theme=adhb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_text_search-0=Profiling,%20AND%20taping%20AND%20plans%20AND%20pass%20AND%20Senate&amp;s_dispstring=Profiling,%20taping%20plans%20pass%20Senate%20AND%20date(April_4,_2003%20to%204/4/2003)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=4_April_2003%20to%204/4/2003Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Profiling, taping plans pass Senate\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Daily Herald</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>17<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC7U\">Haynes, V. Dion (June 29, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/352884461.html?dids=352884461:352884461&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Fight racial profiling at local level, lawmaker says; U.S. guidelines get mixed review\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080617150449/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/352884461.html?dids=352884461%3A352884461&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT\">Archived</a> from the original on June 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC8A\">Pearson, Rick (July 17, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/370136121.html?dids=370136121:370136121&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Taped confessions to be law; State will be 1st to pass legislation\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Metro)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-120\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-120\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC8o\">Youngman, Sam; Aaron Blake (March 14, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/homenews/news/11316-obamas-crime-votes-are-fodder-for-rivals\">\"Obama's Crime Votes Are Fodder for Rivals\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC9I\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080607111231/http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/11/12/america/NA-POL-US-Obama-Death-Penalty.php\">\"US Presidential Candidate Obama Cites Work on State Death Penalty Reforms\"</a>. <i>International Herald Tribune</i>. Associated Press. November 12, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/11/12/america/NA-POL-US-Obama-Death-Penalty.php\">the original</a> on June 7, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-121\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-121\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC9s\">Coffee, Melanie (November 6, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080516174431/http://www.hydepark.org/hpkccnews/raoul.htm\">\"Attorney Chosen to Fill Obama's State Senate Seat\"</a>. HPKCC. Associated Press. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.hydepark.org/hpkccnews/raoul.htm#ap\">the original</a> on May 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-122\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-122\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC-M\">Helman, Scott (October 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/10/12/early_defeat_launched_a_rapid_political_climb\" id=\"mwC-Q\">\"Early defeat launched a rapid political climb\"</a>. <i id=\"mwC-U\"><a href=\"./The_Boston_Globe\" title=\"The Boston Globe\" id=\"mwC-Y\">The Boston Globe</a></i>. p.<span id=\"mwC-c\">&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwC-g\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwC-k\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-123\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-123\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC-0\">Strausberg, Chinta (September 26, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-220062931.html\" id=\"mwC-4\">\"Opposition to war mounts\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\" id=\"mwC-8\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Defender</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Rose_Garden-124\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Rose_Garden-124\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC_c\">Office of the Press Secretary (October 2, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021002-7.html\">\"President, House leadership agree on Iraq resolution\"</a>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDAA\">Tackett, Michael (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/203569641.html?dids=203569641:203569641&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Bush, House OK Iraq deal; Congress marches with Bush\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Federal_Plaza-125\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Federal_Plaza-125\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDAs\">Glauber, Bill (October 3, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/203569621.html?dids=203569621:203569621&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"War protesters gentler, but passion still burns\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDBg\">Strausberg, Chinta (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-220379051.html\">\"War with Iraq undermines U.N\"</a>. <i>Chicago Defender</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>. <q>Photo caption: Left Photo: Sen. Barack Obama along with Rev. Jesse Jackson spoke to nearly 3,000 anti-war protestors (below) during a rally at Federal Plaza Wednesday.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDCM\">Katz, Marilyn (October 2, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110721192331/http://www.noiraqwar-chicago.org/?p=127\">\"Five years since our first action\"</a>. Chicagoans Against War &amp; Injustice. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.noiraqwar-chicago.org/?p=127\">the original</a> on July 21, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDCw\">Greg Bryant; Jane B. Vaughn (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ADHB&amp;p_theme=adhb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_text_search-0=300%20AND%20attend%20AND%20rally%20AND%20against%20AND%20Iraq%20AND%20war&amp;s_dispstring=300%20attend%20rally%20against%20Iraq%20war%20AND%20date(10/3/2002%20to%2010/3/2002)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=10/3/2002%20to%2010/3/2002)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"300 attend rally against Iraq war\"</a>. <i>Daily Herald</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 172–177.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-spoke_out-126\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-spoke_out-126\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDDg\">Obama, Barack (October 2, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080130204029/http://www.barackobama.com/2002/10/02/remarks_of_illinois_state_sen.php\">\"Remarks of Illinois State Sen. Barack Obama against going to war with Iraq\"</a>. Barack Obama. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.barackobama.com/2002/10/02/remarks_of_illinois_state_sen.php\">the original</a> on January 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDEI\">McCormick, John (October 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/1351610621.html?dids=1351610621:1351610621&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Obama marks '02 war speech; Contender highlights his early opposition in effort to distinguish him from his rivals\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>7<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>. <q>The top strategist for Sen. Barack Obama has just 14 seconds of video of what is one of the most pivotal moments of the presidential candidate's political career. The video, obtained from a Chicago TV station, is of Obama's 2002 speech in opposition to the impending Iraq invasion.</q></cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDE8\">Pallasch, Abdon M. (October 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=headline(Obama%20touts%20anti-war%20cred)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=title&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Obama%20touts%20anti-war%20cred)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Obama touts anti-war cred; Kicks off tour 5 years after speech critical of going to Iraq\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>26<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-stop_the_war-127\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-stop_the_war-127\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDFo\">Ritter, Jim (March 17, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=headline(Anti-war%20rally%20here%20draws%20thousands)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=title&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Anti-war%20rally%20here%20draws%20thousands)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Anti-war rally here draws thousands\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> <span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwDGc\">Office of the Press Secretary (March 16, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030316-3.html\">\"President Bush: Monday 'moment of truth' for world on Iraq\"</a> (Press release). The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-128\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-128\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDG4\">Davey, Monica (March 7, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090416015834/http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/07/politics/campaign/07ILLI.html\">\"Closely watched Illinois Senate race attracts 7 candidates in millionaire range\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\">The New York Times</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>19. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/07/politics/campaign/07ILLI.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-future-129\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-future-129\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDHk\">Mendell, David (March 17, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2004-03-17/news/0403170332_1_blair-hull-gery-chico-blacks-and-liberal-whites\">\"Obama routs Democratic foes; Ryan tops crowded GOP field; Hynes, Hull fall far short across state\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDIQ\">Davey, Monica (March 18, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/18/us/as-quickly-as-overnight-a-democratic-star-is-born.html?pagewanted=all\">\"As quickly as overnight, a Democratic star is born\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDI4\">Howlett, Debbie (March 19, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politicselections/nation/2004-03-18-obama-usat_x.htm\">\"Dems see a rising star in Illinois Senate candidate\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A04<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDJg\">Scheiber, Noam (May 31, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/race-against-history-0\">\"Race against history. Barack Obama's miraculous campaign\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. <b>230</b> (20). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>21–22, 24–26 (cover story)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDKM\">Finnegan, William (May 31, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2004/05/31/040531fa_fact1?currentPage=all\">\"The Candidate. How far can Barack Obama go?\"</a>. <i>The New Yorker</i>. <b>20</b> (14). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>32–38<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDK4\">Dionne Jr., E.J. (June 25, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4062-2004Jun24.html\">\"In Illinois, a star prepares\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A29<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDLg\">Scott, Janny (May 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/18/us/politics/18memoirs.html?pagewanted=all\">\"The story of Obama, written by Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 9,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 235–259.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-130\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-130\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDMI\">Bernstein, David (June 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/June-2007/The-Speech\">\"The Speech\"</a>. <i>Chicago Magazine</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-status-131\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-status-131\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDMo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/54728/output/print\">\"Star Power. Showtime: Some are on the rise; others have long been fixtures in the firmament. A galaxy of bright Democratic lights\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. August 2, 2004. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>48–51. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218014146/http://www.newsweek.com/id/54728/output/print\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDNY\">Samuel, Terence (August  2, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081206100640/http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/040802/2obama.htm\">\"A shining star named Obama. How a most unlikely politician became a darling of the Democrats\"</a>. <i>U.S. News &amp; World Report</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>25. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/040802/2obama.htm\">the original</a> on December 6, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDOE\">Lizza, Ryan (September 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200409/lizza\">\"Why is Barack Obama generating more excitement among Democrats than John Kerry?\"</a>. <i>The Atlantic Monthly</i>. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>30, 33<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDOs\">Davey, Monica (July 26, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/26/us/the-speaker-a-surprise-senate-contender-reaches-his-biggest-stage-yet.html\">\"A surprise Senate contender reaches his biggest stage yet\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDPU\">Leibovich, Mark (July 27, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A16606-2004Jul26.html\">\"The other man of the hour\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDP8\">Milligan, Susan (July 27, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2004/07/27/in_obama_democrats_see_their_future/\">\"In Obama, Democrats see their future\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B8. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218181835/http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2004/07/27/in_obama_democrats_see_their_future/\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDQo\">Seelye, Katharine Q. (July 28, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20060624052131/http://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/28/politics/campaign/28blacks.html\">\"Illinois Senate nominee speaks of encompassing unity\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/28/politics/campaign/28blacks.html\">the original</a> on June 24, 2006.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDRM\">Broder, David S. (July 28, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A17865-2004Jul27.html\">\"Democrats focus on healing divisions; Addressing convention, newcomers set themes\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDR0\">Jonathan Bing; Pamela McClintock (July 29, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117908388.html\">\"Auds resist charms of Dem stars\"</a>. <i>Variety</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 272–285.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-132\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-132\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDSc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/06/25/il.ryan/\">\"Ryan drops out of Senate race in Illinois\"</a>. CNN. June 25, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Mendell (2007), pp. 260–271.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-133\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-133\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDTA\">Lannan, Maura Kelly (August 9, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://legacy.signonsandiego.com/news/politics/20040809-0849-illinoissenate.html\">\"Alan Keyes enters U.S. Senate race in Illinois against rising Democratic star\"</a>. <i>Union-Tribune</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-margin-134\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-margin-134\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDTg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/pages/results/states/IL/S/01/index.html\">\"America Votes 2004: U.S. Senate / Illinois\"</a>. CNN. 2005. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416061340/http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004//pages/results/states/IL/S/01/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDUI\">Slevin, Peter (November 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/12/AR2007111201945.html\">\"For Obama, a handsome payoff in political gambles\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDUw\">John Chase; David Mendell (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.noticiasdot.com/publicaciones/2004/1104/0311/noticias031104/presidenciales-usa/images/usa/chicago_tribune/chicago_tribune_031104.pdf\">\"Obama scores a record landslide\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDVc\">Fornek, Scott (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-1553596.html\">\"Obama takes Senate seat in a landslide\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-135\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-135\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite id=\"CITEREFUnited_States_Congresso000167\" class=\"citation web\">United States Congress. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=o000167\">\"Barack Obama (id: o000167)\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Biographical_Directory_of_the_United_States_Congress\" title=\"Biographical Directory of the United States Congress\">Biographical Directory of the United States Congress</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 12,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-136\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-136\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDWg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080709114659/http://www.house.gov/kilpatrick/cbc/member_info.html\">\"Member Info\"</a>. Congressional Black Caucus. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.house.gov/kilpatrick/cbc/member_info.html\">the original</a> on July 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 25,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-transition_period-137\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-transition_period-137\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDXA\">Mason, Jeff (November 16, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSTRE4AF1MJ20081116\">\"Obama resigns Senate seat, thanks Illinois\"</a>. Reuters<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 10,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-138\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-138\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDXc\">U.S. Senate, 109th Congress, 1st Session (May 12, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/109th-congress/senate-bill/1033/cosponsors\">\"S. 1033, Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act\"</a>. Library of Congress<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 25,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-139\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-139\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDX4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154746/http://obama.senate.gov/press/070111-lugar-obama_non/\">\"Lugar–Obama Nonproliferation Legislation Signed into Law by the President\"</a>. Richard Lugar U.S. Senate Office. January 11, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/070111-lugar-obama_non/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDYY\">Lugar, Richard G.; Barack Obama (December 3, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/02/AR2005120201509.html\">\"Junkyard Dogs of War\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-140\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-140\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDY4\">McCormack, John (December 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/502njiqx.asp\">\"Google Government Gone Viral\"</a>. <i>Weekly Standard</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080423235240/http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/502njiqx.asp\">Archived</a> from the original on April 23, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDZc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080501233103/http://coburn.senate.gov/ffm/index.cfm?FuseAction=LegislativeFloorAction.Home&amp;ContentRecord_id=eb582f19-802a-23ad-41db-7a7cb464cfdb\">\"President Bush Signs Coburn–Obama Transparency Act\"</a>. Tom Coburn U.S. Senate Office. September 26, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://coburn.senate.gov/ffm/index.cfm?FuseAction=LegislativeFloorAction.Home&amp;ContentRecord_id=eb582f19-802a-23ad-41db-7a7cb464cfdb\">the original</a> on May 1, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-141\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-141\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDZ8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/110/s3077\">\"S. 3077: Strengthening Transparency and Accountability in Federal Spending Act of 2008: 2007–2008 (110th Congress)\"</a>. Govtrack.us. June 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-142\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-142\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDaY\">McIntire, Mike (February 3, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/03/us/politics/03exelon.html\">\"Nuclear Leaks and Response Tested Obama in Senate\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081209065950/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/03/us/politics/03exelon.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Fisher-143\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Fisher-143\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDa8\">Fisher, Daniel (August 11, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.forbes.com/2008/08/08/obama-mccain-torts-biz-beltway-cz_df_0811torts.html\">\"November Election A Lawyer's Delight\"</a>. <i>Forbes</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 11,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-144\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-144\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDbc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080501002134/http://lugar.senate.gov/nunnlugar/pdf/trip_report_2005.pdf\">\"Nunn–Lugar Report\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Richard Lugar U.S. Senate Office. August 2005. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://lugar.senate.gov/nunnlugar/pdf/trip_report_2005.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on May 1, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 30,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-145\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-145\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDcE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110108193726/http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/international/drc0406.shtml\">\"Democratic Republic of the Congo\"</a>. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. April 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/international/drc0406.shtml\">the original</a> on January 8, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 26,</span> 2012</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDck\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110807061958/http://www.rescue.org/news/the-irc-welcomes-new-us-law.html\">\"The IRC Welcomes New U.S. Law on Congo\"</a>. International Rescue Committee. January 5, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theirc.org/news/the-irc-welcomes-new-us-law.html\">the original</a> on August 7, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-146\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-146\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDdE\">Weixel, Nathaniel (November 15, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/feingold-obama-go-after-corporate-jet-travel-2007-11-15.html\">\"Feingold, Obama Go After Corporate Jet Travel\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080515201902/http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/feingold-obama-go-after-corporate-jet-travel-2007-11-15.html\">Archived</a> from the original on May 15, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDdo\">Weixel, Nathaniel (December 5, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/lawmakers-press-fec-on-bundling-regulation-2007-12-05.html\">\"Lawmakers Press FEC on Bundling Regulation\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416162108/http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/lawmakers-press-fec-on-bundling-regulation-2007-12-05.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDeM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080411220016/http://www.fec.gov/press/press2007/20070924travel.shtml\">\"Federal Election Commission Announces Plans to Issue New Regulations to Implement the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007\"</a>. Federal Election Commission. September 24, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fec.gov/press/press2007/20070924travel.shtml\">the original</a> on April 11, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-147\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-147\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDes\">Stern, Seth (January 31, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/cq/2007/01/31/cq_2213.html\">\"Obama–Schumer Bill Proposal Would Criminalize Voter Intimidation\"</a>. CQPolitics.com. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080516104256/http://www.nytimes.com/cq/2007/01/31/cq_2213.html\">Archived</a> from the original on May 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDfM\">U.S. Senate, 110th Congress, 1st Session (January 31, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/110th-congress/senate-bill/453\">\"S. 453, Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act of 2007\"</a>. Library of Congress<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 25,</span> 2017</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDfo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/31/opinion/31wed1.html\">\"Honesty in Elections\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(editorial)</span>. <i>The New York Times</i>. January 31, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-148\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-148\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDgM\">Krystin, E. Kasak (February 7, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nwitimes.com/news/local/article_c7147a5d-31bc-5497-abdd-a99c0cd6c189.html\">\"Obama Introduces Measure to Bring Troops Home\"</a>. Medill News Service<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-149\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-149\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDgo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101205075008/http://bond.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressRoom.NewsReleases&amp;ContentRecord_id=5C1EBFEB-1321-0E36-BA7D-04630AEFAD31\">\"Obama, Bond Hail New Safeguards on Military Personality Disorder Discharges, Urge Further Action\"</a>. Kit Bond U.S. Senate Office. October 1, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bond.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressRoom.NewsReleases&amp;ContentRecord_id=5C1EBFEB-1321-0E36-BA7D-04630AEFAD31\">the original</a> on December 5, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-150\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-150\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDhI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154824/http://obama.senate.gov/press/080314-obama_bond_appl/\">\"Obama, Bond Applaud Senate Passage of Amendment to Expedite the Review of Personality Disorder Discharge Cases\"</a>. March 14, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/080314-obama_bond_appl/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-nuclear_terrorism-151\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-nuclear_terrorism-151\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwDhg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154751/http://obama.senate.gov/press/071220-obama_schiff_pr/\">\"Obama, Schiff Provision to Create Nuclear Threat Reduction Plan Approved\"</a> (Press release). Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. December 20, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/071220-obama_schiff_pr/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-152\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-152\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDh4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154819/http://obama.senate.gov/press/070802-senate_passes_o_1/\">\"Senate Passes Obama, McCaskill Legislation to Provide Safety Net for Families of Wounded Service Members\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. August 2, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/070802-senate_passes_o_1/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-153\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-153\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDiY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20061209190827/http://obama.senate.gov/committees/\">\"Committee Assignments\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. December 9, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/committees/\">the original</a> on December 9, 2006<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-154\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-154\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDi4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154741/http://obama.senate.gov/news/061115-obama_gets_new/\">\"Obama Gets New Committee Assignments\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. Associated Press. November 15, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/news/061115-obama_gets_new/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-155\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-155\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDjY\">Baldwin, Tom (December 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article3080794.ece\">\"Stay-At-Home Barack Obama Comes Under Fire for a Lack of Foreign Experience\"</a>. <i>Sunday Times (UK)</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Kenyan-156\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Kenyan-156\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDj4\">Larson, Christina (September 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080430232404/http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2006/0609.larson.html\">\"Hoosier Daddy: What Rising Democratic Star Barack Obama Can Learn from an Old Lion of the GOP\"</a>. <i>Washington Monthly</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2006/0609.larson.html\">the original</a> on April 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDkk\">Goudie, Chuck (January 12, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://a.abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&amp;id=3806933\">\"Obama Meets with Arafat's Successor\"</a>. Chicago: WLS-TV<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDlE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080605213213/http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0%2C%2C2-11-1447_1989646%2C00.html\">\"Obama Slates Kenya for Fraud\"</a>. Cape Town: News24. August 28, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0,,2-11-1447_1989646,00.html\">the original</a> on June 5, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDlo\">Wamalwa, Chris (September 2, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20071010050740/http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957666\">\"Envoy Hits at Obama Over Graft Remark\"</a>. <i>The Standard (Nairobi)</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957666\">the original</a> on October 10, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDmQ\">Moracha, Vincent; Mangoa Mosota (September 4, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20071007115436/http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957752\">\"Leaders Support Obama on Graft Claims\"</a>. <i>The Standard</i>. Nairobi. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957752\">the original</a> on October 7, 2007.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Pearson_20070210-157\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Pearson_20070210-157\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDms\">Pearson, Rick; Long, Ray (February 10, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-070210obama-pearson1-story,0,3768114.story\">\"Obama: I'm running for president\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070813115846/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-070210obama-pearson1-story%2C0%2C3768114.story\">Archived</a> from the original on August 13, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-BBC20070210-158\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-BBC20070210-158\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDnQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6349081.stm\">\"Obama Launches Presidential Bid\"</a>. BBC News. February 10, 2007. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080202060802/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6349081.stm\">Archived</a> from the original on February 2, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Parsons20070210-159\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Parsons20070210-159\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDnw\">Parsons, Christi (February 10, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-159132539.html\">\"Obama's launch site: Symbolic Springfield: Announcement venue evokes Lincoln legacy\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 12,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-160\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-160\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDoQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080509140350/http://projects.washingtonpost.com/2008-presidential-candidates/issues/candidates/barack-obama/\">\"Barack Obama on the Issues: What Would Be Your Top Three Overall Priorities If Elected?\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://projects.washingtonpost.com/2008-presidential-candidates/issues/candidates/barack-obama/#top-priorities\">the original</a> on May 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwDo8\"><a href=\"./Evan_Thomas\" title=\"Evan Thomas\">Thomas, Evan</a> (2009). <i>A Long Time Coming</i>. New York: <a href=\"./PublicAffairs\" title=\"PublicAffairs\">PublicAffairs</a>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>74. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-58648-607-5\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-58648-607-5\">978-1-58648-607-5</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDps\">Falcone, Michael (December 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/12/21/obamas-one-thing/\">\"Obama's 'One Thing<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-161\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-161\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDqQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110515091856/http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/leading-articles/leading-article-the-obama-promise-of-hope-and-change-981761.html\">\"The Obama promise of hope and change\"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. London. November 1, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/leading-articles/leading-article-the-obama-promise-of-hope-and-change-981761.html\">the original</a> on May 15, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-allocation-162\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-allocation-162\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDqs\"><a href=\"./Karen_Tumulty\" title=\"Karen Tumulty\">Tumulty, Karen</a> (May 8, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1738331,00.html\">\"The Five Mistakes Clinton Made\"</a>. <i>Time</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081211125310/http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0%2C8599%2C1738331%2C00.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 11, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 11,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDrc\">Peter Baker; Jim Rutenberg (June 8, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/08/us/politics/08recon.html\">\"The Long Road to a Clinton Exit\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081209030041/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/08/us/politics/08recon.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 29,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-163\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-163\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDsA\">Nagourney, Adam; Zeleny, Jeff (June 5, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/05/us/politics/04cnd-campaign.html\">\"Clinton to End Bid and Endorse Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 20,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-164\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-164\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDsg\">Nagourney, Adam; Zeleny, Jeff (August 23, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/24/us/politics/24biden.html\">\"Obama Chooses Biden as Running Mate\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090401222653/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/24/us/politics/24biden.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 1, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-165\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-165\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDtE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110511144848/http://articles.cnn.com/2008-08-21/politics/obama.vice.president_1_obama-selection-process-joe-biden?_s=PM%3APOLITICS\">\"Sources: High court selection process down to finalists\"</a>. CNN. May 13, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.cnn.com/2008-08-21/politics/obama.vice.president_1_obama-selection-process-joe-biden?_s=PM:POLITICS\">the original</a> on May 11, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-delegates-166\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-delegates-166\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDtc\">Baldwin, Tom (August 27, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/us_elections/article4616719.ece\">\"Hillary Clinton: 'Barack is my candidate<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>The Times</i>. London<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDuQ\">Nagourney, Adam (August 27, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/28/us/politics/28DEMSDAY.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Obama Wins Nomination as Biden and Bill Clinton Rally the Party\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-npr1409-167\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-npr1409-167\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDuw\">Mara Liasson; Michele Norris (July 7, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=92301409\">\"Obama To Accept Nomination at Mile High Stadium\"</a>. NPR<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-acceptance-168\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-acceptance-168\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDvM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7586375.stm\">\"Obama accepts Democrat nomination\"</a>. BBC News. August 29, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080828234350/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7586375.stm\">Archived</a> from the original on August 28, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 29,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDv0\">Marks, Alexandra (August 29, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100314121702/http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2008/0829/soaring-speech-from-obama-plus-some-specifics\">\"Soaring speech from Obama, plus some specifics\"</a>. <i>The Christian Science Monitor</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2008/0829/soaring-speech-from-obama-plus-some-specifics\">the original</a> on March 14, 2010.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-169\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-169\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDwQ\">Lloyd, Robert (August 29, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-na-tvcritic29-2008aug29,0,3593116.story\">\"Barack Obama, Al Gore Raise the Roof at Invesco Field\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Los_Angeles_Times\" title=\"Los Angeles Times\">Los Angeles Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 29,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-small_donations-170\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-small_donations-170\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDw0\">Malone, Jim (July 2, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070914032004/http://voanews.com/english/archive/2007-07/2007-07-02-voa52.cfm\">\"Obama Fundraising Suggests Close Race for Party Nomination\"</a>. Voice of America. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2007-07/2007-07-02-voa52.cfm\">the original</a> on September 14, 2007.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDxU\">Cummings, Jeanne (September 26, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080201140941/http://dyn.politico.com/printstory.cfm?uuid=3ECB3515-3048-5C12-004D622CB6F4E214\">\"Small Donors Rewrite Fundraising Handbook\"</a>. <i>Politico</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://dyn.politico.com/printstory.cfm?uuid=3ECB3515-3048-5C12-004D622CB6F4E214\">the original</a> on February 1, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDx8\">Cadei, Emily (February 21, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080613213513/http://www.cqpolitics.com/wmspage.cfm?docID=news-000002674309\">\"Obama Outshines Other Candidates in January Fundraising\"</a>. CQ Politics. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cqpolitics.com/wmspage.cfm?docID=news-000002674309\">the original</a> on June 13, 2008.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Bloomberg_Salant_20080619-171\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Bloomberg_Salant_20080619-171\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDyU\">Salant, Jonathan D. (June 19, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://article.wn.com/view/2008/06/19/Obama_Wont_Accept_Public_Money_in_Election_Campaign/\">\"Obama Won't Accept Public Money in Election Campaign\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bloomberg_L.P.\" title=\"Bloomberg L.P.\">Bloomberg</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-presidential_debates-172\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-presidential_debates-172\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwDy0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080706070658/http://www.debates.org/pages/news_111907.html\">\"Commission on Presidential Debates Announces Sites, Dates, Formats and Candidate Selection Criteria for 2008 General Election\"</a> (Press release). <a href=\"./Commission_on_Presidential_Debates\" title=\"Commission on Presidential Debates\">Commission on Presidential Debates</a>. November 19, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.debates.org/pages/news_111907.html\">the original</a> on July 6, 2008.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDzY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.courant.com/topic/\">\"Gun Ruling Reverberates\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Hartford_Courant\" title=\"Hartford Courant\">Hartford Courant</a></i>. June 27, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080705225819/http://www.courant.com/topic/\">Archived</a> from the original on July 5, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-electoral_votes-173\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-electoral_votes-173\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD0A\">Johnson, Alex (November 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27531033/\">\"Barack Obama elected 44th president\"</a>. MSNBC. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090220052714/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27531033/\">Archived</a> from the original on February 20, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 20,</span> 2009</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD0o\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/results/president/\">\"CNN Electoral Map Calculator<span>&nbsp;</span>– Election Center 2008\"</a>. CNN. 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081212014309/http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/results/president/\">Archived</a> from the original on December 12, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-174\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-174\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwD1M\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/2008/president/us/general_election_mccain_vs_obama-225.html\">\"General Election: McCain vs. Obama\"</a>. Real Clear Politics. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090217083055/http://www.realclearpolitics.com//epolls//2008//president//us//general_election_mccain_vs_obama-225.html\">Archived</a> from the original on February 17, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 20,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-175\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-175\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD1s\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/us_elections_2008/7709978.stm\">\"Obama wins historic US election\"</a>. BBC News. November 5, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218083153/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/us_elections_2008/7709978.stm\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD2U\">Nagourney, Adam (November 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/05/us/politics/05elect.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Obama Elected President as Racial Barrier Falls\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081209071842/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/05/us/politics/05elect.html?pagewanted=all\">Archived</a> from the original on December 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD28\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/04/election.president/index.html\">\"Obama: 'This is your victory<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. CNN. November 5, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081104231227/http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/04/election.president/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on November 4, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-independent1-176\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-independent1-176\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD3g\">Johnson, Wesley (November 5, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/change-has-come-says-presidentelect-obama-992930.html\">\"Change has come, says President-elect Obama\"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081209055411/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/change-has-come-says-presidentelect-obama-992930.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-177\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-177\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD4E\">Shear, Michael D. (April 4, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110405205656/http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/04/obama-launches-re-election-facing-new-political-challenges/\">\"Obama Begins Re-Election Facing New Political Challenges\"</a>. <i>The New York Times (blog)</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/04/obama-launches-re-election-facing-new-political-challenges/\">the original</a> on April 5, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-178\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-178\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD4g\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110510011832/http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2011/04/04/Obama-announces-re-election-bid/UPI-95081301905800/?dailybrief\">\"Obama announces re-election bid\"</a>. <a href=\"./United_Press_International\" title=\"United Press International\">United Press International</a>. April 4, 2011. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2011/04/04/Obama-announces-re-election-bid/UPI-95081301905800/?dailybrief\">the original</a> on May 10, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-179\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-179\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD48\">Zeleny, Jeff &amp; Calmes, Jackie (April 4, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20121115021431/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/05/us/politics/05obama.html?scp=1&amp;sq=obama%202012&amp;st=cse\">\"Obama Opens 2012 Campaign, With Eye on Money and Independent Voters\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/05/us/politics/05obama.html?scp=1&amp;sq=obama%202012&amp;st=cse\">the original</a> on November 15, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 5,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-CNN-clinch1-180\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-CNN-clinch1-180\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD5g\">Yoon, Robert (April 3, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2012/04/03/leading-presidential-candidate-to-clinch-nomination-tuesday/\">\"Leading presidential candidate to clinch nomination Tuesday\"</a>. CNN (blog)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 2,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-CNN-clinch2-181\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-CNN-clinch2-181\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD58\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2012/04/03/breaking-obama-clinches-democratic-nomination/\">\"Obama clinches Democratic nomination\"</a>. CNN (blog). April 3, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 3,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-182\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-182\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD6Y\">Cohen, Tom (September 6, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://edition.cnn.com/2012/09/05/politics/democratic-convention-wrap/index.html\">\"Clinton says Obama offers a better path forward for America\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-183\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-183\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD60\">Lauter, David (November 8, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20121109020204/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/la-pn-romney-concedes-florida-election-20121108%2C0%2C415187.story\">\"Romney campaign gives up in Florida\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/la-pn-romney-concedes-florida-election-20121108,0,415187.story\">the original</a> on November 9, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-184\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-184\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD7Y\">Barnes, Robert (November 6, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/decision2012/after-grueling-campaign-polls-open-for-election-day-2012/2012/11/06/d1c24c98-2802-11e2-b4e0-346287b7e56c_story.html\">\"Obama wins a second term as U.S. president\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-185\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-185\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD74\">Welch, William M.; Strauss, Gary (November 7, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2012/11/06/election-day-obama-romney/1680933/\">\"With win in critical battleground states, Obama wins second term\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-FEC-186\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-FEC-186\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwD8Y\">FEC (July 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2012/federalelections2012.pdf\">\"Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <a href=\"./Federal_Elections_Commission\" title=\"Federal Elections Commission\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Federal Elections Commission</a>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>5<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 20,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-187\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-187\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD9A\">Brownstein, Ronald (November 9, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20121111231854/http://www.nationaljournal.com/thenextamerica/demographics/the-u-s-has-reached-a-demographic-milestone-and-it-s-not-turning-back-20121109\">\"The U.S. has reached a demographic milestone<span>&nbsp;</span>– and it's not turning back\"</a>. <i>National Journal</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nationaljournal.com/thenextamerica/demographics/the-u-s-has-reached-a-demographic-milestone-and-it-s-not-turning-back-20121109\">the original</a> on November 11, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-188\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-188\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD9o\">Nichols, John (November 9, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thenation.com/blog/171178/obama-has-great-big-mandate-and-he-must-use-it#\">\"Obama's 3 Million Vote, Electoral College Landslide, Majority of States Mandate\"</a>. <i>The Nation</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-189\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-189\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD-I\">Lee, Kristen A. (November 7, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/president-obama-victory-speech-hopeful-america-article-1.1197895\" id=\"mwD-M\">\"Election 2012: President Obama gives victory speech in front of thousands in Chicago, 'I have never been more hopeful about America<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\" id=\"mwD-Q\"><span id=\"mwD-U\">'</span></span>\"</a>. <i id=\"mwD-Y\">New York Daily News</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwD-c\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwD-g\">November 8,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYT20130121-190\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYT20130121-190\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD-w\">Shear, Michael (January 21, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/22/us/politics/obama-inauguration-draws-hundreds-of-thousands.html\" id=\"mwD-0\">\"Obama Offers Liberal Vision: 'We Must Act<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\" id=\"mwD-4\"><span id=\"mwD-8\">'</span></span>\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\">The New York Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 10,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-191\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-191\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD_c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2009-01/23/content_7423535.htm\">\"Obama asks Pentagon for responsible Iraq drawdown\"</a>. <i>China Daily</i>. January 23, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 4,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-192\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-192\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwD_8\">Glaberson, William (January 21, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090416015909/http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/washington/22gitmo.html\">\"Obama Orders Halt to Prosecutions at Guantánamo\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/washington/22gitmo.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-193\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-193\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEAg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/30826649/ns/politics-capitol_hill/\">\"Senate blocks transfer of Gitmo detainees\"</a>, <a href=\"./MSNBC\" title=\"MSNBC\">MSNBC</a>, Associated Press, May 20, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">, retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-194\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-194\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite id=\"CITEREFObama2009\" class=\"citation web\">Obama, Barack (December 15, 2009), <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110315000624/http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/presidential-memorandum-closure-dentention-facilities-guantanamo-bay-naval-base\">\"Presidential Memorandum<span>&nbsp;</span>– Closure of Detention Facilities at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base\"</a>, <a href=\"./White_House\" title=\"White House\">White House</a>, archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/presidential-memorandum-closure-dentention-facilities-guantanamo-bay-naval-base\">the original</a> on March 15, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">, retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-195\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-195\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite id=\"CITEREFSerbu2011\" class=\"citation news\">Serbu, Jared (January 7, 2011), <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://federalnewsradio.com/congress/2011/01/obama-signs-defense-authorization-bill/\">\"Obama signs Defense authorization bill\"</a>, <a href=\"./Federal_News_Radio\" title=\"Federal News Radio\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Federal News Radio</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">, retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-196\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-196\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwECA\">Northam, Jackie (January 23, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/2013/01/23/169922171/obamas-promise-to-close-guantanamo-prison-falls-short\">\"Obama's Promise To Close Guantanamo Prison Falls Short\"</a>. <a href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\">NPR</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 22,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-197\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-197\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwECg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090122234307/http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/ExecutiveOrderPresidentialRecords/\">\"Executive Order<span>&nbsp;</span>– Presidential Records\"</a>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/ExecutiveOrderPresidentialRecords/\">the original</a> on January 22, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-198\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-198\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEDE\">Obama, Barack (January 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title3-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title3-vol1-other-id197.pdf\">\"Mexico City Policy and assistance for voluntary population planning (Presidential memorandum)\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 21,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEDs\">Meckler, Laura (January 24, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/article/SB123272364299610287.html\">\"Obama lifts 'gag rule' on family-planning groups\"</a>. <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 21,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEEU\">Stein, Rob; Shear, Michael (January 24, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/23/AR2009012302814.html\">\"Funding restored to groups that perform abortions, other care\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 21,</span> 2012</span>. <q>Lifting the Mexico City Policy would not permit U.S. tax dollars to be used for abortions, but it would allow funding to resume to groups that provide other services, including counseling about abortions.</q></cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-199\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-199\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEE8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/30/us/politics/30ledbetter-web.html\">\"Obama Signs Equal-Pay Legislation\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. January 30, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-200\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-200\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEFc\">Levey, Noam N. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090430194400/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-kids-health-care_thufeb05%2C0%2C30310.story\">\"Obama signs into law expansion of SCHIP health care program for children\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-kids-health-care_thufeb05,0,30310.story\">the original</a> on April 30, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-201\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-201\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEGA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100330183125/http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/09/obama.stem.cells/index.html\">\"Obama overturns Bush policy on stem cells\"</a>. CNN. March 9, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/09/obama.stem.cells/index.html\">the original</a> on March 30, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-202\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-202\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEGg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/08/06/sonia.sotomayor/\">\"Senate confirms Sotomayor for Supreme Court\"</a>. CNN. August 6, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 6,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-203\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-203\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEG8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/05/26/supreme.court/index.html\">\"Obama nominates Sotomayor to Supreme Court\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-204\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-204\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEHY\">Sherman, Mark (October 4, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theledger.com/article/20101004/news/10045042\">\"New Era Begins on High Court: Kagan Takes Place as Third Woman\"</a>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-205\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-205\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEH0\">Parsons, Christi (March 30, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100419024047/http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/30/nation/la-na-obama-college31-2010mar31\">\"Obama signs student loan reforms into law\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/30/nation/la-na-obama-college31-2010mar31\">the original</a> on April 19, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-206\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-206\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEIY\">Branigin, William. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2010/03/obama-signs-higher-education-m.html\">\"Obama signs higher-education measure into law\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-207\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-207\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEI4\">Robert Block, Robert; Mark K. Matthews (January 27, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2010/jan/27/nation/la-na-nasa-budget27-2010jan27\">\"White House won't fund NASA moon program\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2011</span>. <q>President Obama's budget proposal includes no money for the Ares I and Ares V rocket or Constellation program. Instead, NASA would be asked to monitor climate change and develop a new rocket</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-208\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-208\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEJc\">Albanesius, Chloe (January 25, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2376242,00.asp\">\"Obama Pushes Innovation in Tech-Heavy State of the Union\"</a>. <i>PC Magazine</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 17,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-209\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-209\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEJ8\">Kornblut, Anne E.; Wilson, Scott (January 26, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/25/AR2011012504068.html\">\"State of the Union 2011: 'Win the future,' Obama says\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-210\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-210\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEKc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110914124058/http://articles.cnn.com/2009-10-28/politics/hate.crimes_1_crimes-gay-rights-human-rights-campaign?_s=PM%3APOLITICS\">\"Obama signs hate crimes bill into law\"</a>. CNN. October 28, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.cnn.com/2009-10-28/politics/hate.crimes_1_crimes-gay-rights-human-rights-campaign?_s=PM:POLITICS\">the original</a> on September 14, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 12,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-211\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-211\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/31/us/politics/31travel.html\">\"Obama Lifts a Ban on Entry Into U.S. by H.I.V.-Positive People\"</a>, Julia Preston. New York Times. October 30, 2009. Retrieved 8 feb 2017</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-212\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-212\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwELA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101223060037/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/22/obama-repeals-dont-ask-dont-tell\">\"<span style=\"padding-left:0.2em;\">'</span>Don't ask, don't tell' repealed as Obama signs landmark law\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. December 22, 2010. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/dec/22/obama-repeals-dont-ask-dont-tell\">the original</a> on December 23, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-213\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-213\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwELo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110125182154/http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2008/nov/21/obama-to-delay-repeal-of-dont-ask-dont-tell/\">\"Obama to delay 'don't ask, don't tell' repeal\"</a>. <i>The Washington Times</i>. November 21, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2008/nov/21/obama-to-delay-repeal-of-dont-ask-dont-tell/\">the original</a> on January 25, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-214\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-214\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEMM\">Lee, Jesse. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101225051110/http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/12/22/president-signs-repeal-dont-ask-dont-tell-out-many-we-are-one\">\"The President Signs Repeal of \"Don't Ask Don't Tell\": \"Out of Many, We Are One<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\"</a>. The White House. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/12/22/president-signs-repeal-dont-ask-dont-tell-out-many-we-are-one\">the original</a> on December 25, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-TransBan1-215\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-TransBan1-215\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEMw\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jun/30/us-military-ends-ban-transgender-service-members\">\"US military ends ban on transgender service members\"</a>. The Guardian. June 30, 2016.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-WCT0114-216\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-WCT0114-216\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwENE\">Baim, Tracy (January 14, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.windycitymediagroup.com/lgbt/Windy-City-Times-exclusive-Obamas-Marriage-Views-Changed-WCT-Examines-His-Step-Back/20524.html\">\"Windy City Times exclusive: Obama's Marriage Views Changed. WCT Examines His Step Back\"</a>. <i>Windy City Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 10,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-WCT0204-217\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-WCT0204-217\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwENk\">Baim, Tracy (February 4, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.windycitymediagroup.com/gay/lesbian/news/ARTICLE.php?AID=3931\">\"Obama Seeks U.S. Senate seat\"</a>. <i>Windy City Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 10,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-218\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-218\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEOE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-57431122-503544/obama-backs-same-sex-marriage/\">\"Obama backs same-sex marriage\"</a>. <a href=\"./CBS_News\" title=\"CBS News\">CBS News</a>. May 9, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 9,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-The_Huffington_Post-219\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-The_Huffington_Post-219\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEOk\">Stein, Sam (May 9, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/09/obama-gay-marriage_n_1503245.html\">\"Obama Backs Gay Marriage\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>. AOL Inc<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-220\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-220\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEPE\">Robillard, Kevin (January 21, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/story/2013/01/first-inaugural-use-of-the-word-gay-86499.html\">\"First inaugural use of the word 'gay<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. Politico<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 21,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-221\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-221\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEPk\">Michelson, Noah (January 21, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/21/obama-inauguration-speech-stonewall-gays_n_2520962.html#slide=892590\">\"Obama Inauguration Speech Makes History With Mention of Gay Rights Struggle, Stonewall Uprising\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 21,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-huffpo-amicus-222\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-huffpo-amicus-222\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEQE\">Reilly, Ryan J. (February 28, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/28/obama-gay-marriage_n_2783912.html\">\"Obama Administration: Gay Marriage Ban Unconstitutional In Prop. 8 Supreme Court Case\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Huffington_Post\" title=\"The Huffington Post\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Huffington Post</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 21,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-cnn-amicus-223\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-cnn-amicus-223\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEQo\">Mears, Bill (February 27, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2013/02/22/politics/supreme-court-marriage\">\"Obama administration weighs in on defense of marriage law\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 21,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-remarksDecision-224\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-remarksDecision-224\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwERE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/06/26/remarks-president-supreme-court-decision-marriage-equality\">\"Remarks by the President on the Supreme Court Decision on Marriage Equality\"</a>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-225\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-225\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.hrc.org/press/obama-administration-releases-revised-national-hiv-and-aids-strategy\">\"Obama Administration Releases Revised National HIV and AIDS Strategy\"</a>, Human Rights Campaign. July 30, 2015. Retrieved 8 feb 2017</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Executive-226\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Executive-226\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><i>Executive Order 13506</i>, Washington, DC: President Barack Obama, The White House, March 11, 2009, Obama, B.. Retrieved January 27, 2014.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Sexualassault-227\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Sexualassault-227\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwERo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/01/22/renewed-call-action-end-rape-and-sexual-assault\">\"A renewed call to action to end rape and sexual assault\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Memo-228\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Memo-228\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwESE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/01/22/memorandum-establishing-white-house-task-force-protect-students-sexual-a\">\"Memorandum: Establishing White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Freedom-229\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Freedom-229\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwESg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.com/morning-joe/obama-we-have-power-end-sexual-assaults\">\"Obama admin: Freedom from sexual assault a basic human right\"</a>. MSNBC<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Report-230\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Report-230\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.sapr.mil/public/docs/research/201401_WhiteHouse_CouncilonWomenandGirls_RapeandSexualAssault.pdf\">\"Rape and sexual assault: A renewed call to action\"</a>, <i>White House Council on Women and Girls</i>, Washington, D.C.: White House Council on Women and Girls &amp; Office of the Vice President, January 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-231\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-231\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwETE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/02/13/stimulus/index.html\">\"Stimulus package en route to Obama's desk\"</a>. CNN. February 14, 2009. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090330094958/http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/02/13/stimulus/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 30, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 29,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-direct_assistance-232\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-direct_assistance-232\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwETk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://stimulus.org/\">\"Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, Stimulus Watch\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 9,</span> 2011</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEUI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/02/17/obama.stimulus.remarks/\">\"Obama's remarks on signing the stimulus plan\"</a>. CNN. February 17, 2009. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090220074825/http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/02/17/obama.stimulus.remarks/\">Archived</a> from the original on February 20, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 17,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-markets_opened-233\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-markets_opened-233\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEUo\">Andrews, Edmund L.; Dash, Eric (March 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/24/business/economy/24bailout.html\">\"U.S. Expands Plan to Buy Banks' Troubled Assets\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEVQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/businessNews/idUSTRE52H2FA20090323?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=businessNews\">\"Wall Street soars 7% on bank plan debut\"</a>. Reuters. March 23, 2009.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-234\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-234\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEVk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090407010806/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/03/30/obama-denies-bailout-fund_n_180563.html\">\"White House questions viability of GM, Chrysler\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>. March 30, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/03/30/obama-denies-bailout-fund_n_180563.html\">the original</a> on April 7, 2009.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-235\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-235\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEWA\">Bunkley, Nick; Vlasic, Bill (April 27, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/27/business/27chrysler.html\">\"Chrysler and Union Agree to Deal Before Federal Deadline\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-236\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-236\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEWg\">Hughes, John; Salas, Caroline; Green, Jeff; Van Voris, Bob (June 1, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100613163056/http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087\">\"GM Begins Bankruptcy Process With Filing for Affiliate\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Bloomberg_News\" title=\"Bloomberg News\">Bloomberg News</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&amp;sid=aw4F_L7E4xYg\">the original</a> on June 13, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Christopher_Conkey_and_Louise_Radnofsky-237\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Christopher_Conkey_and_Louise_Radnofsky-237\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEXI\">Conkey, Christopher; Radnofsky, Louise (June 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/article/SB124445867883193821.html\">\"Obama Presses Cabinet to Speed Stimulus Spending\"</a>. <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. News Corp<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-238\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-238\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEXo\">Dana Hedgpeth (August 21, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/08/20/AR2009082002699.html\">\"U.S. Says 'Cash for Clunkers' Program Will End on Monday\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 26,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-239\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-239\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEYI\">Joseph R. Szczesny (August 26, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1918692,00.html\">\"Was Cash for Clunkers a Success?\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 26,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-240\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-240\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwEYo\">Mian, Atif R.; Sufi, Amir (September 1, 2010). \"The Effects of Fiscal Stimulus: Evidence from the 2009 'Cash for Clunkers' Program\". Social Science Research Network. <a href=\"./Social_Science_Research_Network\" title=\"Social Science Research Network\">SSRN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><span class=\"plainlinks\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//ssrn.com/abstract=1670759\">1670759</a><span> </span><span><span><img src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"14\" width=\"9\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/18px-Lock-green.svg.png 2x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/14px-Lock-green.svg.png 1.5x\"></span></span></span>. <a href=\"./Digital_object_identifier\" title=\"Digital object identifier\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//doi.org/10.2139%2Fssrn.1670759\">10.2139/ssrn.1670759</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-241\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-241\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEZg\">Goldman, David (April 6, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/news/storysupplement/economy/bailouttracker/\">\"CNNMoney.com's bailout tracker\"</a>. <b>06</b>. CNNMoney. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 26,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-242\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-242\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEaE\">Montgomery, Lori (July 24, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/23/AR2010072304101.html\">\"Federal budget deficit to exceed $1.4<span>&nbsp;</span>trillion in 2010 and 2011\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-243\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-243\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEao\">Bull, Alister; Mason, Jeff (February 1, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE60U00220100201\">\"Obama's 2010 budget: deficit soars amid job spending\"</a>. Reuters<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-244\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-244\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEbE\">Dickson, David M. (March 26, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/mar/26/cbos-2020-vision-debt-will-rise-to-90-of-gdp/?page=1\">\"CBO report: Debt will rise to 90% of GDP\"</a>. <i>The Washington Times</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-245\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-245\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEbk\">Sahadi, Jeanne (February 12, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/2014/02/11/news/economy/debt-ceiling-reset/\">\"Where's the debt ceiling now?\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 21,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-246\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-246\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEcA\">NBC's Sylvie Stein. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20120114001916/http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2011/08/02/7231805-a-breakdown-of-the-debt-limit-legislation\">\"First Read<span>&nbsp;</span>– A breakdown of the debt-limit legislation\"</a>. MSNBC. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2011/08/02/7231805-a-breakdown-of-the-debt-limit-legislation\">the original</a> on January 14, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-247\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-247\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEck\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/43967924/ns/politics-capitol_hill/\">\"House passes debt ceiling bill\"</a>. MSNBC. March 8, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-248\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-248\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEdA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000\">\"Unemployment Rate\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics\" title=\"Bureau of Labor Statistics\">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">2017-01-17</span></span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-249\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-249\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEdg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/CES0000000001?output_view=net_1mth\">\"1-month net change in employment\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics\" title=\"Bureau of Labor Statistics\">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">2017-01-17</span></span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Theodossiou-250\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Theodossiou-250\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwEeA\">Theodossiou, Eleni; Hipple, Steven F. (2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110508050328/http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2011/03/art1full.pdf\">\"Unemployment Remains High in 2010\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Monthly Labor Review</i>. Bureau of Labor Statistics. <b>134</b> (3): 3–22. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2011/03/art1full.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on May 8, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Eddlemon-251\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Eddlemon-251\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwEew\">Eddlemon, John P. (2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110506195757/http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2011/03/art2full.pdf\">\"Payroll Employment Turns the Corner in 2010\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Monthly Labor Review</i>. Bureau of Labor Statistics. <b>134</b> (3): 23–32. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2011/03/art2full.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on May 6, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-252\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-252\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEfg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://data.bls.gov/pdq/SurveyOutputServlet\">\"Unemployment Rate\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics\" title=\"Bureau of Labor Statistics\">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 11,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-253\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-253\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEgA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000\">\"Unemployment Rate\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics\" title=\"Bureau of Labor Statistics\">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 10,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-254\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-254\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEgg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000\">\"Unemployment Rate\"</a>. <a href=\"./Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics\" title=\"Bureau of Labor Statistics\">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-BEA1-255\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-BEA1-255\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEhA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bea.gov/national/nipaweb/TableView.asp?SelectedTable=1&amp;ViewSeries=NO&amp;Java=no&amp;Request3Place=N&amp;3Place=N&amp;FromView=YES&amp;Freq=Qtr&amp;FirstYear=2009&amp;LastYear=2010&amp;3Place=N&amp;Update=Update&amp;JavaBox=no#Mid\">\"Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic Product (Quarterly)\"</a>. <i>National Income and Product Accounts Table</i>. Bureau of Economic Analysis. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110512014536/http://bea.gov/national/nipaweb/TableView.asp?SelectedTable=1&amp;ViewSeries=NO&amp;Java=no&amp;Request3Place=N&amp;3Place=N&amp;FromView=YES&amp;Freq=Qtr&amp;FirstYear=2009&amp;LastYear=2010&amp;3Place=N&amp;Update=Update&amp;JavaBox=no\">Archived</a> from the original on May 12, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-256\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-256\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEhk\">Harding, Robin (July 28, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100729184009/http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/dac3245a-9a7b-11df-87fd-00144feab49a.html\">\"Beige Book survey reports signs of slowdown\"</a>. <i>Financial Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/dac3245a-9a7b-11df-87fd-00144feab49a.html\">the original</a> on July 29, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-257\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-257\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEiI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bea.gov/national/nipaweb/TableView.asp?SelectedTable=1&amp;ViewSeries=NO&amp;Java=no&amp;Request3Place=N&amp;3Place=N&amp;FromView=YES&amp;Freq=Year&amp;FirstYear=2009&amp;LastYear=2010&amp;3Place=N&amp;Update=Update&amp;JavaBox=no#Mid\">\"Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic Product (Annual)\"</a>. <i>National Income and Product Accounts Table</i>. Bureau of Economic Analysis. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110512014513/http://bea.gov/national/nipaweb/TableView.asp?SelectedTable=1&amp;ViewSeries=NO&amp;Java=no&amp;Request3Place=N&amp;3Place=N&amp;FromView=YES&amp;Freq=Year&amp;FirstYear=2009&amp;LastYear=2010&amp;3Place=N&amp;Update=Update&amp;JavaBox=no\">Archived</a> from the original on May 12, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-estimated-258\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-estimated-258\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEis\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbo.gov/publication/42715\">\"Estimated Impact of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act on Employment and Economic Output\"</a>. Congressional Budget Office<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 21,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-newc-259\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-newc-259\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEjI\">Calmes, Jackie; Cooper, Michael (November 20, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110511230904/http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/21/business/economy/21stimulus.html\">\"New Consensus Sees Stimulus Package as Worthy Step\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/21/business/economy/21stimulus.html\">the original</a> on May 11, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 21,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-260\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-260\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEjs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/83253-cbo-stimulus-created-as-many-as-21-million-jobs\">\"CBO: Stimulus created as many as 2.1<span>&nbsp;</span>million jobs\"</a>. February 23, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 25,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-261\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-261\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEkM\">Krugman, Paul (November 2, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/02/opinion/02krugman.html\">\"Too Little of a Good Thing\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-262\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-262\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEks\">Isidore, Chris (January 29, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/2010/01/29/news/economy/gdp/index.htm\">\"Best economic growth in six years\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-263\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-263\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwElI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100502053859/http://www.nabe.com/publib/indsum.html\">\"New NABE Survey Shows Business Recovery Gaining Momentum, with More Jobs Ahead\"</a>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nabe.com/publib/indsum.html\">the original</a> on May 2, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 26,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-264\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-264\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Politics that Work, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://politicsthatwork.com/graphs/gdp-growth-vs-nato-president\">\"U.S. GDP Growth Relative to Original NATO Members\"</a>, <i>Politics that Work</i>, March 9, 2015</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-265\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-265\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Irene Chapple, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/29/business/oecd-u-s-europe-economic-recovery/\">\"OECD: U.S. will recover faster, Europe faces unemployment crisis\"</a>, CNN, May 29, 2013</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-266\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-266\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEl0\">Herszenhorn, David M.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 7, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/08/us/politics/08cong.html\">\"Democrats Skeptical of Obama on New Tax Plan\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-267\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-267\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEmM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/12/17/tax.deal/index.html\">\"Obama signs tax deal into law\"</a>. CNN. December 17, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 17,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-268\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-268\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEmo\">Kuhnhenn, Jim (December 5, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bigstory.ap.org/article/obama-speech-focus-income-disparities\">\"Obama: Income Inequality a Defining Challenge\"</a>. <i>Associated Press</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 9,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-269\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-269\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEnI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/news/president-obama-makes-trade-deal-a-top-priority-in-remaining-months/\">\"President Obama uses his final months to bring congressional approval of a 12-nation free trade pact called the Trans-Pacific Partnership\"</a>. <i>CBSNews</i>. September 5, 2016<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-270\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-270\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEno\">Broder, John M. (October 1, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/01/science/earth/01epa.html\">\"E.P.A. Moves to Curtail Greenhouse Gas Emissions\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-271\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-271\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEoA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20120523114528/https://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5ip53lrBGDBrm5QYg-npRkHn4ggRA\">\"US moves to limit industrial greenhouse gas emissions\"</a>. Google News. Agence France-Presse. October 1, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5ip53lrBGDBrm5QYg-npRkHn4ggRA\">the original</a> on May 23, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-272\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-272\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEog\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=127205462&amp;ps=rs\">\"Obama Halts Drilling Projects, Defends Actions\"</a>. NPR. May 27, 2010.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-273\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-273\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEo0\">Jonsson, Patrik (May 29, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0529/Gulf-oil-spill-Obama-s-big-political-test\">\"Gulf oil spill: Obama's big political test\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Christian_Science_Monitor\" title=\"The Christian Science Monitor\">The Christian Science Monitor</a></i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100601094118/http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0529/Gulf-oil-spill-Obama-s-big-political-test\">Archived</a> from the original on June 1, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-274\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-274\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Goldenberg, Suzanne (July 28, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/jul/28/obama-reservations-keystone-pipeline-project\">\"Barack Obama expresses reservations about Keystone XL pipeline project\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i> (London).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-275\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-275\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Stein, Sam (June 25, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/25/obama-keystone_n_3497292.html\">Obama: Keystone XL Should Not Be Approved If It Will Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i> (US).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-276\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-276\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Goldenberg, Suzanne (January 18, 2013).<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/jan/18/shell-oil-drilling-arctic-environment\">\"Shell's plans in Arctic at risk as Obama advisers call for halt to oil exploration\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i> (London).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-277\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-277\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEp0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/02/24/388738159/obama-to-veto-keystone-xl-pipeline-today-without-drama-or-fanfare-or-delay\">\"Obama Vetoes Keystone XL Pipeline Bill\"</a>. NPR. February 24, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 24,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-278\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-278\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEqQ\">Barron-Lopez, Laura (March 4, 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/234615-senate-fails-to-override-obama-keystone-veto\">\"Keystone veto override fails\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Hill_(newspaper)\" title=\"The Hill (newspaper)\">The Hill</a></i>. Capitol Hill Publishing<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Monuments-279\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Monuments-279\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Juliet Eilperin &amp; Brady Dennis, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/with-new-monuments-in-nevada-utah-obama-adds-to-his-environmental-legacy/2016/12/28/e9833f62-c471-11e6-8422-eac61c0ef74d_story.html\">With new monuments in Nevada, Utah, Obama adds to his environmental legacy</a>, <i>The Washington Post</i> (December 28, 2016).\n<ul><li> <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/31/opinion/sunday/monuments-man.html\">Monuments Man</a>, <i>The New York Times</i> (December 31, 2016).</li>\n<li> <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/2016/12/29/507436648/obama-s-newly-designated-national-monuments-upset-some-lawmakers-and-constituent\">Obama's Newly Designated National Monuments Upset Some Lawmakers</a>, NPR, <i><a href=\"./All_Things_Considered\" title=\"All Things Considered\">All Things Considered</a></i> (December 29, 2016)</li>\n<li> Amy R. Connolly, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2016/02/13/Obama-expands-public-lands-more-than-any-US-president/1161455298784/\">Obama expands public lands more than any U.S. president</a>, <a href=\"./United_Press_International\" title=\"United Press International\">United Press International</a> (February 13, 2016).</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-health_reform-280\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-health_reform-280\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEro\">Sweet, Lynn (July 22, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20150416063154/http://blogs.suntimes.com/sweet/2009/07/obama_july_22_2009_press_confe.html\">\"Obama July 22, 2009 press conference. Transcript\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Chicago_Sun-Times\" title=\"Chicago Sun-Times\">Chicago Sun-Times</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://blogs.suntimes.com/sweet/2009/07/obama_july_22_2009_press_confe.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-281\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-281\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEsQ\">Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Zeleny, Jeff (September 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/10/us/politics/10obama.html\">\"Obama, Armed With Details, Says Health Plan Is Necessary\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-282\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-282\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEsw\">Allen, Mike (September 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0909/26907.html\">\"Barack Obama will hedge on public option\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Politico\" title=\"Politico\">Politico</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-283\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-283\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEtU\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41137.pdf\">\"Health Insurance Premium Credits in the PPACA\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Congressional Research Service<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 17,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-284\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-284\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEt0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/09/09/obama.speech/index.html\">\"Obama calls for Congress to face health care challenge\"</a>. CNN. September 9, 2009. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090910083332/http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/09/09/obama.speech/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on September 10, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-285\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-285\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEuU\">Daniel Nasaw. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/mar/10/obama-stem-cell-research\">\"Stem cell\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-nyt1-286\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-nyt1-286\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEu0\">Hulse, Carl; Robert Pear (November 7, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/health/policy/08health.html\">\"Sweeping Health Care Plan Passes House\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110331033230/http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/health/policy/08health.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 31, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 8,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-nyt-287\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-nyt-287\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEvY\">Herszenhorn, David M.; Jackie Calmes (December 7, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/health/policy/08scene.html\">\"Abortion Was at Heart of Wrangling\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110331073732/http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/health/policy/08scene.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 31, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 6,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-288\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-288\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEv8\">Hensley, Scott (December 24, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=121854289\">\"Senate Says Yes To Landmark Health Bill\"</a>. <a href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\">NPR</a>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100121191700/http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=121854289\">Archived</a> from the original on January 21, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-289\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-289\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEwg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100326095847/http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/22/opinion/22mon5.html\">\"Health Care Reform, at Last\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. March 21, 2010. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/22/opinion/22mon5.html\">the original</a> on March 26, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-290\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-290\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwExE\">Gay Stolberg, Sheryl (March 23, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100325033529/http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/24/health/policy/24health.html\">\"Obama Signs Landmark Health Care Bill\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/24/health/policy/24health.html\">the original</a> on March 25, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 23,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-cnn_ref1-291\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-cnn_ref1-291\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwExo\">Rice, Sabriya (March 25, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/03/25/health.care.law.basics/index.html\">\"5 key things to remember about health care reform\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 6,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-whitehouse-292\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-whitehouse-292\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEyE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/health-care-meeting/proposal/whatsnew/affordability\">\"Policies to Improve Affordability and Accountability\"</a>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 6,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-293\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-293\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwEyg\">Grier, Peter (March 20, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0320/Health-care-reform-bill-101-Who-gets-subsidized-insurance\">\"Health Care Reform Bill 101\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Christian_Science_Monitor\" title=\"The Christian Science Monitor\">The Christian Science Monitor</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-cbo_est-294\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-cbo_est-294\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwEzE\">Elmendorf, Douglas W. (November 30, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/ftpdocs/107xx/doc10781/11-30-premiums.pdf\">\"An Analysis of Health Insurance Premiums Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Congressional Budget Office<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 9,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-295\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-295\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwEzk\">Obama, Barack (August 2, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2533698\">\"United States Health Care Reform\"</a>. <i>JAMA</i>. <b>316</b> (5): 525. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0098-7484\">0098-7484</a>. <a href=\"./Digital_object_identifier\" title=\"Digital object identifier\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//doi.org/10.1001%2Fjama.2016.9797\">10.1001/jama.2016.9797</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 17,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-296\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-296\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwE0c\">Grier, Peter (March 21, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0321/Health-care-reform-bill-101-Who-will-pay-for-reform\">\"Health care reform bill 101: Who will pay for reform?\"</a>. <i>The Christian Science Monitor</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 5,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-297\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-297\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE08\">Grier, Peter (March 19, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100405075157/http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0319/Health-care-reform-bill-101-Who-must-buy-insurance\">\"Health care reform bill 101: Who must buy insurance?\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Christian_Science_Monitor\" title=\"The Christian Science Monitor\">The Christian Science Monitor</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2010/0319/Health-care-reform-bill-101-Who-must-buy-insurance\">the original</a> on April 5, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-298\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-298\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwE1k\">Elmendorf, Douglas W. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbo.gov/publication/21351\">\"H.R. 4872, Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Final Health Care Legislation)\"</a>. Congressional Budget Office<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 6,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-WP-uphold-299\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-WP-uphold-299\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE2A\">Barnes, Robert (June 28, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/supreme-court-to-rule-thursday-on-health-care-law/2012/06/28/gJQAarRm8V_story.html\">\"Supreme Court upholds Obama health care overhaul by 5–4 vote, approving insurance requirement\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 29,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-300\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-300\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwE2g\">Kimberly Leonard. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20160116072123/http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/06/25/supreme-court-upholds-obamacare-subsidies-in-king-v-burwell\">\"Supreme Court Upholds Obamacare Subsidies\"</a>. <i>US News &amp; World Report</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/06/25/supreme-court-upholds-obamacare-subsidies-in-king-v-burwell\">the original</a> on January 16, 2016<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-301\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-301\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE3E\">James P. O'Toole; Tracie Mauriello; Deborah Todd (June 17, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.post-gazette.com/local/city/2014/06/17/obama-arrives-in-pittsburgh/201406170170\">\"Obama speaks in Pittsburgh about tech, jobs\"</a>. <i>Pittsburgh Post-Gazette</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-302\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-302\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama domestic energy policy. Bloomberg News. June 17, 2014.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-303\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-303\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwE3c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/video/manufacturing-balks-at-obama-s-u-s-energy-policy-rdCH8kbCQAyS_Wjr6AjELA.html\">\"Manufacturing Balks at Obama's U.S. Energy Policy: Video\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Bloomberg_News\" title=\"Bloomberg News\">Bloomberg News</a></i>. June 17, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 17,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-304\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-304\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE4A\">Mardell, Mark (January 16, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-21049942\">\"US gun debate: Obama unveils gun control proposals\"</a>. BBC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 16,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-305\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-305\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE4c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/01/16/us/obama-gun-control-proposal.html\">\"What's in Obama's Gun Control Proposal\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. January 16, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 12,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-306\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-306\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/05/politics/obama-gun-control-executive-action/?iid=ob_lockedrail_bottomlist&amp;iref=obinsite\">\"Obama announces gun control executive action (full transcript)\"</a> CNN. January 5, 2016. January 7, 2016.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-307\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-307\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama, Barack. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/08/opinion/president-barack-obama-guns-are-our-shared-responsibility.html\">\"Barack Obama: Guns Are Our Shared Responsibility\"</a> <i>The New York Times</i>. January 7, 2016. January 7, 2016.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-308\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-308\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE5I\">Paul Harris; Ewen MacAskill (November 3, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101214214006/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/nov/03/us-midterm-election-results-tea-party\">\"US midterm election results herald new political era as Republicans take House\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/nov/03/us-midterm-election-results-tea-party\">the original</a> on December 14, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-309\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-309\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE5s\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101124220406/http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Elections/Vox-News/2010/1104/Obama-calls-midterm-elections-a-shellacking-for-Democrats\">\"Obama calls midterm elections a 'shellacking' for Democrats\"</a>. <i>The Christian Science Monitor</i>. November 4, 2010. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Elections/Vox-News/2010/1104/Obama-calls-midterm-elections-a-shellacking-for-Democrats\">the original</a> on November 24, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-310\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-310\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwE6Q\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=131048554\">\"See Obama's first paragraph of his transcript\"</a>. <i>All Things Considered</i>. NPR. November 3, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYT-20141110-EW-311\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYT-20141110-EW-311\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE6w\">Wyatt, Edward (November 10, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/11/technology/obama-net-neutrality-fcc.html\">\"Obama Asks F.C.C. to Adopt Tough Net Neutrality Rules\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\">The New York Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYT-20141114-312\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYT-20141114-312\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE7U\">NYT Editorial Board (November 14, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/15/opinion/why-the-fcc-should-heed-president-obama-on-internet-regulations.html\">\"Why the F.C.C. Should Heed President Obama on Internet Regulation\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\">The New York Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-313\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-313\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwE74\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/issues/foreign-policy/cybersecurity/eo-13636\">\"Cybersecurity<span>&nbsp;</span>– Executive Order 13636\"</a> (Press release)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 30,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-preceding_administration-314\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-preceding_administration-314\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE8Y\">Colvin, Ross; Barkin, Noah (February 7, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20121106164443/http://www.canada.com/news/unveils%2Bchanges%2Bforeign%2Bpolicy/1265065/story.html\">\"Biden vows break with Bush era foreign policy\"</a>. Toronto: Canada.com. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.canada.com/news/unveils+changes+foreign+policy/1265065/story.html\">the original</a> on November 6, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 31,</span> 2013</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE9A\">Ghattas, Kim (March 8, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7931699.stm\">\"Clinton's gaffes and gains on tour\"</a>. BBC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-315\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-315\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE9c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28869185/\">\"Obama reaches out to Muslim world on TV\"</a>. MSNBC. January 27, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-316\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-316\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE94\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/mar/20/barack-obama-usa\">\"Barack Obama's address to Iran: Full text of Barack Obama's videotaped message to the people and leaders of Iran as they celebrate their New Year's holiday, Nowruz\"</a>. <i id=\"mwE-A\"><a href=\"./The_Guardian\" title=\"The Guardian\" id=\"mwE-E\">The Guardian</a></i>. London. March 20, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwE-I\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwE-M\">July 14,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-317\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-317\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE-c\">DeYoung, Karen (April 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/08/AR2009040802254.html\" id=\"mwE-g\">\"Nation U.S. to Join Talks on Iran's Nuclear Program\"</a>. <i id=\"mwE-k\">The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwE-o\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwE-s\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-318\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-318\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE-8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/feedarticle/8443248\">\"Obama speech draws praise in Mideast\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. January 23, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-middleeast-319\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-middleeast-319\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE_c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/06/04/egypt.obama.speech\">\"Obama in Egypt reaches out to Muslim world\"</a>. CNN. June 4, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-320\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-320\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwE_4\">Weber, Joseph; Dinan, Stephen (June 26, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/jun/26/obama-dismisses-ahmadinejad-apology-request/\">\"Obama dismisses Ahmadinejad apology request\"</a>. <i>The Washington Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-321\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-321\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFAY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/07/07/obama.israel.iran/\">\"Obama: No green light for Israel to attack Iran\"</a>. CNN. July 7, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 4,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-322\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-322\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFA0\">Rajghatta, Chidanand (September 24, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/us/Barack-No-Bomb-Obama-pushes-for-world-without-nukes/articleshow/5052325.cms\">\"Barack 'No Bomb' Obama pushes for world without nukes\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Times_of_India\" title=\"The Times of India\">The Times of India</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-323\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-323\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFBY\">Berger, Robert (March 25, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/Netanyahus-Office-No-Change-on-East-Jerusalem-Plans-89258402.html\">\"Israel Refuses to Halt Construction in East Jerusalem\"</a>. <a href=\"./Voice_of_America\" title=\"Voice of America\">Voice of America</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-324\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-324\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFB4\">Kershner, Isabel (March 24, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/25/world/middleeast/25jerusalem.html\">\"Israel Confirms New Building in East Jerusalem\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100329231159/http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/25/world/middleeast/25jerusalem.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 29, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 26,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-325\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-325\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Baker, Peter (March 26, 2010).<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/27/world/europe/27start.html\">\"Obama Seals Arms Control Deal With Russia\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-326\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-326\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFCk\">Baker, Peter (December 22, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/23/world/europe/23treaty.html\">\"Senate Passes Arms Control Treaty With Russia, 71–26\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-327\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-327\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFC8\">McVeigh, Karen (December 6, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/dec/07/gay-rights-us-aid-criteria\">\"Gay rights must be criterion for US aid allocations, instructs Obama\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 4,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-LAT80713-328\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-LAT80713-328\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFDc\">Parsons, Christi (August 7, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2013/aug/07/nation/la-na-pn-obama-leno-russia-snowden-20130807\">\"Obama criticizes Russia's new anti-gay law in Leno interview\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Los_Angeles_Times\" title=\"Los Angeles Times\">Los Angeles Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 27,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Huffpo80913-329\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Huffpo80913-329\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFEA\">Johnson, Luke (August 9, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/09/obama-olympic-boycott_n_3733275.html\">\"Obama Opposes Olympic Boycott, Criticizes Russian Anti-Gay Law\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Huffington_Post\" title=\"The Huffington Post\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Huffington Post</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 27,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-330\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-330\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFEk\">Achenbach, Joel (December 18, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/in-miami-a-mixed-and-muted-response-to-historic-change-in-cuba-policy/2014/12/18/a27325c0-86b0-11e4-b9b7-b8632ae73d25_story.html\">\"In Miami, a mixed and muted response to historic change in Cuba policy\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 18,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-331\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-331\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFFE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/report-yemens-embattled-president-flees-stronghold-as-rebels-advance/2015/03/25/e0913ae2-d2d5-11e4-a62f-ee745911a4ff_story.html\">\"Saudi Arabia launces air attacks in Yemen\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. March 25, 2015.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-thelocal2016-332\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-thelocal2016-332\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFFc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thelocal.de/20161115/obama-merkel-was-my-closest-ally\">\"Obama: Merkel was my closest ally\"</a>. <i>The Local</i>. 15 November 2016.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-333\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-333\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFF0\">Feller, Ben (February 27, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://gazette.com/obama-sets-firm-withdrawal-timetable-for-iraq/article/49026\">\"Obama sets firm withdrawal timetable for Iraq\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Gazette_(Colorado_Springs)\" title=\"The Gazette (Colorado Springs)\">The Gazette (Colorado Springs)</a></i>. <a href=\"./Associated_Press\" title=\"Associated Press\">Associated Press</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-334\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-334\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFGc\">Jones, Athena (February 27, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://firstread.nbcnews.com/_news/2009/02/27/4428005-obama-announces-iraq-plan?lite\">\"Obama announces Iraq plan\"</a>. MSNBC<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-335\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-335\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFG4\">Sykes, Hugh (August 19, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11020270\">\"Last US combat brigade exits Iraq\"</a>. BBC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 25,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-336\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-336\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFHU\">MacAskill, Ewen (September 1, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/sep/01/obama-formally-ends-iraq-war\">\"Barack Obama ends the war in Iraq. 'Now it's time to turn the page<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-337\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-337\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFHw\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/44990594/ns/world_news-mideast_n_africa/\">\"All U.S. troops out of Iraq by end of year\"</a>. MSNBC. October 21, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 25,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-338\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-338\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFIM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.businessinsider.com/obama-is-sending-275-us-troops-to-iraq-2014-6\">\"Obama Is Sending 275 US Troops To Iraq\"</a>. BusinessInsider.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-339\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-339\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFIo\">Nebehay, Stephanie. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/09/08/us-un-rights-idUSKBN0H30KB20140908\">\"New U.N. rights boss warns of 'house of blood' in Iraq, Syria\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 11,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-def31-10-14-340\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-def31-10-14-340\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFJE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=123542\">\"DoD Authorizes War on Terror Award for Inherent Resolve Ops\"</a>. Defense.gov. October 31, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 22,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-341\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-341\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFJg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-30388718\">\"Islamic State: Coalition 'pledges more troops' for Iraq\"</a>. BBC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-342\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-342\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFJ8\">Aaron Mehta (January 19, 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/2015/01/19/a10-strikes-isis-11-percent/21875911/\">\"A-10 Performing 11 Percent of Anti-ISIS Sorties\"</a>. <i>Defense News</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-343\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-343\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFKc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.stripes.com/news/us/1-000-soldiers-from-the-82nd-airborne-headed-to-iraq-1.320194\">\"1,000 soldiers from the 82nd Airborne headed to Iraq\"</a>. <i>Stars and Stripes</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-344\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-344\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFK8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20150813053355/http://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2015/07/21/stealthy-jet-ensures-other-war-fighting-aircraft-survive\">\"Stealthy Jet Ensures Other War-Fighting Aircraft Survive\"</a>. <i>US News &amp; World Report</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2015/07/21/stealthy-jet-ensures-other-war-fighting-aircraft-survive\">the original</a> on August 13, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-autogenerated1-345\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-autogenerated1-345\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFLg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100327094906/http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/politics/july-dec08/obama_07-15.html\">\"Obama Calls for U.S. Military to Renew Focus on Afghanistan\"</a>. <i>NewsHour with Jim Lehrer</i>. PBS. July 15, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/politics/july-dec08/obama_07-15.html\">the original</a> on March 27, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-346\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-346\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFME\">Hodge, Amanda (February 19, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theaustralian.com.au/archive/news/obama-launches-afghanistan-surge/story-e6frg6t6-1111118893671\">\"Obama launches Afghanistan Surge\"</a>. <i>The Australian</i>. Sydney.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-counterinsurgency_tactics-347\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-counterinsurgency_tactics-347\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFMc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/11/AR2009051101864.html\">\"Top U.S. Commander in Afghanistan Is Fired\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. May 12, 2009.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFM8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/05/13/new-commander-brings-counterinsurgency-experience-afghanistan/\">\"New U.S. Commander Brings Counterinsurgency Experience to Afghanistan\"</a>. Fox News Channel. May 13, 2009.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-348\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-348\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Associated Press. (December 1, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34218604/\">\"Obama details Afghan war plan, troop increases\"</a> MSNBC.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-349\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-349\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFNU\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/06/24/mcchrystal.gates.support/\">\"Gates says he agrees with Obama decision on McChrystal\"</a>. CNN. June 24, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-350\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-350\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFNw\">Chandrasekaran, Rajiv (February 12, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/official-obama-to-cut-troop-level-in-afghanistan-in-half-by-next-year/2013/02/12/63a044c8-7536-11e2-8f84-3e4b513b1a13_story.html\">\"Obama wants to cut troop level in Afghanistan in half over next year\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 14,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-351\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-351\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFOQ\">Marcus, Jonathan (October 15, 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-34536833\">\"US troops in Afghanistan: Taliban resurgence sees rethink\"</a>. BBC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 15,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-352\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-352\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFOs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=37572&amp;Cr=palestin&amp;Cr1\">\"United States vetoes Security Council resolution on Israeli settlements\"</a>. <i>UN News Service Section</i>. February 18, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-353\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-353\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Levy, Elior (May 22, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4072210,00.html\">\"PA challenges Netanyahu to accept 1967 lines.\"</a> <i>Ynetnews</i>. Retrieved May 22, 2011.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-354\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-354\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFPU\">Johnston, Nicholas (June 20, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130623203009/http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-06-20/obama-says-u-s-connection-with-israel-is-unbreakable-.html\">\"Obama Says U.S. Connection With Israel Is 'Unbreakable<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Bloomberg</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-06-20/obama-says-u-s-connection-with-israel-is-unbreakable-.html\">the original</a> on June 23, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 26,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-355\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-355\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Levinson, Charles (August 14, 2010).<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703321004575427272550050504.html\">\"U.S., Israel Build Military Cooperation\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Wall_Street_Journal\" title=\"The Wall Street Journal\">The Wall Street Journal</a></i> (New York). Retrieved March 1, 2011.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-356\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-356\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFQI\">Kampeas, Ron (October 26, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.jewishjournal.com/nation/article/for_obama_campaign_trying_to_put_to_rest_persistent_questions_about_kishkes\">\"For Obama campaign, trying to put to rest persistent questions about 'kishkes<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Jewish Journal</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Bloomberg-357\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Bloomberg-357\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFQk\">Goldberg, Jeffrey (January 14, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-14/what-obama-thinks-israelis-don-t-understand-.html\">\"Obama: 'Israel Doesn't Know What Its Best Interests Are<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Bloomberg</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 23,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-358\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-358\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Goldberg, Jeffrey. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2015/09/obama-netanyahu-and-the-future-of-israel/405082/\">\"After the Iran Deal: Obama, Netanyahu, and the Future of the Jewish State.\"</a> <i>The Atlantic</i>. September 13, 2015. September 13, 2015.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-359\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-359\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFRQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.jpost.com/Operation-Protective-Edge/Netanyahu-speaks-with-UN-chief-over-phone-363479\">\"Obama reaffirms Israel's right to defend itself\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Times_of_Israel\" title=\"The Times of Israel\">The Times of Israel</a></i>. July 19, 2014.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-360\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-360\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFRs\">Collinson, Stephen; Wright, David; Labott, Elise (December 24, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2016/12/23/politics/israel-official-rips-obama-un-settlements/\">\"US Abstains as UN Demands End to Israeli Settlements\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-361\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-361\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFSI\">Barak, Ravid (December 26, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.761470\">\"Netanyahu on UN Settlement Vote: Israel Will Not Turn the Other Cheek\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Haaretz\" title=\"Haaretz\">Haaretz</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-362\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-362\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFSs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38455753\">\"Israel-Palestinians: Netanyahu Condemns John Kerry Speech\"</a>. BBC. December 29, 2016<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-363\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-363\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFTI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/01/06/israel-halts-6-million-to-un-to-protest-un-settlements-vote.html\">\"Israel Halts $6 million to UN to Protest UN Settlements Vote\"</a>. <a href=\"./Fox_News\" title=\"Fox News\">Fox News</a> (from the <a href=\"./Associated_Press\" title=\"Associated Press\">Associated Press</a>). January 6, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-364\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-364\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFTs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/01/05/house-overwhelmingly-votes-to-condemn-un-resolution-on-israel-settlements.html\">\"House Overwhelmingly Votes to Condemn UN Resolution on Israel Settlements\"</a>. <a href=\"./Fox_News\" title=\"Fox News\">Fox News</a>. January 5, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-365\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-365\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFUM\">Cortellessa, Eric (January 6, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.timesofisrael.com/us-house-passes-repudiation-of-un-security-council-resolution-on-israel/\">\"US House Passes Motion Repudiating UN Resolution on Israel\"</a>. <a href=\"./The_Times_of_Israel\" title=\"The Times of Israel\">The Times of Israel</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 17,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-366\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-366\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFUs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://mccain.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressOffice.FloorStatements&amp;ContentRecord_id=b63b7b6f-a466-ba23-dea8-7bc024f54655\">\"Floor Statement by Senator McCain Introducing the Senate Resolution Calling for a No-Fly Zone in Libya\"</a>. Senate.gov. March 14, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 28,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-367\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-367\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFVI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110511121418/http://nationaljournal.com/congress/senate-passes-resolution-calling-for-no-fly-zone-over-libya-20110301?page=1\">\"Senate Passes Resolution Calling for No-Fly Zone Over Libya\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./National_Journal\" title=\"National Journal\">National Journal</a></i>. March 1, 2011. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nationaljournal.com/congress/senate-passes-resolution-calling-for-no-fly-zone-over-libya-20110301?page=1\">the original</a> on May 11, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-368\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-368\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFVo\">Winnett, Robert (March 17, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110428102507/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/8389565/Libya-UN-approves-no-fly-zone-as-British-troops-prepare-for-action.html\">\"Libya: UN approves no-fly zone as British troops prepare for action\"</a>. <i>The Daily Telegraph</i>. London. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/8389565/Libya-UN-approves-no-fly-zone-as-British-troops-prepare-for-action.html\">the original</a> on April 28, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-369\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-369\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFWE\">Shackle, Samira (March 18, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newstatesman.com/blogs/the-staggers/2011/03/fly-zone-ceasefire-libya\">\"Libya declares ceasefire\"</a>. <i>New Statesman blog</i>. London<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 16,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-370\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-370\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFWk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.rttnews.com/Content/GeneralNews.aspx?Id=1580433&amp;SM=1\">\"Obama: US to Transfer Lead Role in Libya\"</a>. RTT Newswire<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-371\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-371\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFXA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110828104819/http://www.vcstar.com/news/2011/mar/23/ap-news-in-brief/\">\"Obama says US efforts in Libya have saved lives, control of operation can be turned over soon\"</a>. <i>Ventura County Star</i>. Associated Press. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.vcstar.com/news/2011/mar/23/ap-news-in-brief/\">the original</a> on August 28, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-372\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-372\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFXk\">Pannell, Ian (March 21, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110623012338/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12813757\">\"Gaddafi 'not targeted' by allied strikes\"</a>. BBC News. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12813757\">the original</a> on June 23, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-373\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-373\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFYE\">Jones, Sam (March 22, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/mar/22/f15-fighter-crash-libya\">\"F-15 fighter jet crashes in Libya\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110322190309/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/22/f15-fighter-crash-libya\">Archived</a> from the original on March 22, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 23,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NATOPressRelease-374\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NATOPressRelease-374\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFYo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/pdf_2011_03/20110325_110325-unified-protector-no-fly-zone.pdf\">\"NATO No-Fly Zone over Libya Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. NATO. March 25, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-LibyaOffensive-375\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-LibyaOffensive-375\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFZA\">Montopoli, Brian (March 22, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/news/is-obamas-libya-offensive-constitutional/\">\"Is Obama's Libya offensive constitutional?\"</a>. CBS News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 22,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-376\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-376\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFZc\">Stein, Sam (March 21, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/03/20/obama-libya_n_838219.html\">\"Obama's Libya Policy Makes Strange Bedfellows of Congressional Critics\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110323083100/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/03/20/obama-libya_n_838219.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 23, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 26,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-377\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-377\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFaA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/03/25/obama.libya/index.html?hpt=T1\">\"Obama juggles Libya promises, realities\"</a>. CNN. March 25, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 26,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-mustgo-378\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-mustgo-378\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFac\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/assad-must-go-obama-says/2011/08/18/gIQAelheOJ_story.html\">\"Assad must go, Obama says\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. August 18, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-whstatem-379\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-whstatem-379\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/08/18/president-obama-future-syria-must-be-determined-its-people-president-bashar-al-assad\">\"President Obama: 'The future of Syria must be determined by its people, but President Bashar al-Assad is standing in their way.<span style=\"padding-right:.2em;\">'</span><span>\"</span></a> White House website, August 18, 2011.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-380\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-380\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFbI\">Nelson, Colleen. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/obama-says-syrian-leader-bashar-al-assad-must-go-1447925671\">\"Obama Says Syrian Leader Bashar al-Assad Must Go\"</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-381\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-381\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFbc\">Hosenball, Mark. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-syria-obama-order-idUSBRE8701OK20120802\">\"Obama authorizes secret support for Syrian rebels\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 19,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-382\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-382\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFb4\">Michael D. Shear; Helene Cooper; Eric Schmitt. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/10/world/middleeast/pentagon-program-islamic-state-syria.html?_r=0\">\"Obama Administration Ends Effort to Train Syrians to Combat ISIS\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 20,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-383\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-383\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFcU\">Phil Stewart; Kate Holton. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-usa-idUSKCN0S31BR20151009\">\"U.S. pulls plug on Syria rebel training effort; will focus on weapons supply\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 20,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-redline-384\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-redline-384\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFcw\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/may/17/obama-red-line-erased-as-assad-chemical-weapons-us/?page=all\">\"Obama 'red line' erased as Bashar Assad's chemical weapons use goes unchecked by U.S. military\"</a>. <i>The Washington Times</i>. May 17, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-385\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-385\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFdQ\">Gordon, Michael. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/15/world/middleeast/syria-talks.html?pagewanted=all&amp;_r=0\">\"U.S. and Russia Reach Deal to Destroy Syria's Chemical Arms\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 19,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-386\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-386\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFds\">Boghani, Priyanka. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/syria-got-rid-of-its-chemical-weapons-but-reports-of-attacks-continue/\">\"Syria Got Rid of Its Chemical Weapons – But Reports of Attacks Continue\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 19,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-387\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-387\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFeI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/09/obama-strike-wherever-it-exists-2014910223935601193.html\">\"Obama outlines plan to target IS fighters\"</a>. <a href=\"./Al_Jazeera\" title=\"Al Jazeera\">Al Jazeera</a>. September 11, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 24,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-388\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-388\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFeo\">Gregory Korte (October 31, 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2015/10/30/16-times-obama-said-there-would-no-boots-ground-syria/74869884/\">\"16 times Obama said there would be no boots on the ground in Syria\"</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYT-clues-389\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYT-clues-389\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFe8\">Mazzetti, Mark; Helene Cooper; Peter Baker (May 3, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/03/world/asia/03intel.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Clues Gradually Led to the Location of Osama bin Laden\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110503190900/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/03/world/asia/03intel.html?pagewanted=all\">Archived</a> from the original on May 3, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 4,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-WP-binLaden-390\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-WP-binLaden-390\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFfg\">Rucker, Philip; Wilson, Scott; Kornblut, Anne E. (May 2, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/osama-bin-laden-is-killed-by-us-forces-in-pakistan/2011/05/01/AFXMZyVF_story.html\">\"Osama bin Laden is killed by U.S. forces in Pakistan\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ND-binLaden-391\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ND-binLaden-391\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFgA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsday.com/news/breaking/official-offers-details-of-bin-laden-raid-1.2853079\">\"Official offers details of bin Laden raid\"</a>. <i>Newsday</i>. May 2, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ABC-binLaden-392\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ABC-binLaden-392\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFgg\">Schabner, Dean; Karen Travers (May 1, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110504021523/http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/osama-bin-laden-killed/story?id=13505703\">\"Osama bin Laden Killed by U.S. Forces in Pakistan\"</a>. ABC News. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/osama-bin-laden-killed/story?id=13505703\">the original</a> on May 4, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYT-ObamaAnnounce-393\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYT-ObamaAnnounce-393\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFhA\">Baker, Peter; Helene Cooper; Mark Mazzetti (May 2, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110505195308/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/asia/osama-bin-laden-is-killed.html\">\"Bin Laden Is Dead, Obama Says\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/asia/osama-bin-laden-is-killed.html\">the original</a> on May 5, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Guard-ObamaAnnounce-394\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Guard-ObamaAnnounce-394\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFhk\">Walsh, Declan; Richard Adams; Ewen MacAskill (May 2, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/may/02/osama-bin-laden-dead-obama\">\"Osama bin Laden is dead, Obama announces\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110503154000/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/may/02/osama-bin-laden-dead-obama\">Archived</a> from the original on May 3, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 3,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Bloom-binLaden-395\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Bloom-binLaden-395\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFiI\">Dorning, Mike (May 2, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110503203539/http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-02/death-of-bin-laden-may-strengthen-obama-s-hand-in-domestic-foreign-policy.html\">\"Death of Bin Laden May Strengthen Obama's Hand in Domestic, Foreign Policy\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Bloomberg_News\" title=\"Bloomberg News\">Bloomberg News</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-02/death-of-bin-laden-may-strengthen-obama-s-hand-in-domestic-foreign-policy.html\">the original</a> on May 3, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 4,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NPR-worldreaction-396\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NPR-worldreaction-396\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFiw\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110503215724/http://www.npr.org/2011/05/02/135919728/world-reaction-to-osama-bin-ladens-death\">\"World Reaction To Osama Bin Laden's Death\"</a>. <a href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\">NPR</a>. May 2, 2011. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/2011/05/02/135919728/world-reaction-to-osama-bin-ladens-death\">the original</a> on May 3, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 4,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-397\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-397\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFjU\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/14/us-iran-nuclear-idUSKCN0PM0CE20150714\">\"Iran deal reached, Obama hails step toward 'more hopeful world<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. July 14, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 14,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-398\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-398\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFj0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/embargo-on-arms-clouds-iran-nuclear-deal-1436831280\">\"Iran, World Powers Prepare to Sign Nuclear Accord\"</a>. July 14, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 14,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-399\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-399\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFkQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://edition.cnn.com/2015/07/14/politics/iran-nuclear-deal/\">\"Landmark deal reached on Iran nuclear program\"</a>. July 14, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 14,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-400\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-400\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFks\">Warren, Strobel. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/17/us-cuba-usa-reconstruction-idUSKBN0JV2DM20141217\">\"Secret talks in Canada, Vatican City led to Cuba breakthrough\"</a>. Reuters<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 21,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-401\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-401\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFlI\">Morello, Carol; DeYoung, Karen. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/secret-diplomacy-with-cuba-ended-in-breakthrough-deal/2014/12/17/c51b3ed8-8614-11e4-a702-fa31ff4ae98e_story.html\">\"Secret U.S.-Cuba diplomacy ended in landmark deal on prisoners, future ties\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 21,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-402\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-402\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFlo\">Roberts, Dan; Luscombe, Richard (2013-12-10). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/10/obama-shakes-hands-raul-castro-mandela-memorial\">\"Obama shakes hands with Raúl Castro for first time at Mandela memorial\"</a>. <i>the Guardian</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">2017-02-15</span></span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-403\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-403\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFmI\">Nadeau, Barbie Latza (December 17, 2014). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/17/the-pope-s-diplomatic-miracle-ending-the-u-s-cuba-cold-war.html\">\"The Pope's Diplomatic Miracle: Ending the U.S.–Cuba Cold War\"</a>. <i>The Daily Beast</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 18,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-404\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-404\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><i><a href=\"./The_New_Republic\" title=\"The New Republic\">The New Republic</a></i>, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://newrepublic.com/article/121522/cuba-obamas-biggest-foreign-policy-success\">The Cuban Thaw Is Obama's Finest Foreign Policy Achievement to Date</a>, by Joel Gillin, April 13, 2015.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-405\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-405\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFm0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2015/07/01/politics/obama-note-to-castro-reestablish-ties/\">\"Obama announces re-establishment of U.S.-Cuba diplomatic ties\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 1,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-406\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-406\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFnQ\">Whitefield, Mimi (July 20, 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/cuba/article27862504.html\">\"United States and Cuba reestablish diplomatic relations\"</a>. <i>The Miami Herald</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 19,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-407\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-407\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFnw\">Julie Hirschfeld Davis; Damien Cave (March 21, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/21/world/americas/obama-arrives-in-cuba.html\">\"Obama Arrives in Cuba, Heralding New Era After Decades of Hostility\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-408\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-408\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFoM\">Lee, Carol E. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/obama-becomes-first-u-s-president-to-address-african-union-1438090849\">\"Obama Becomes First U.S. President to Address African Union\"</a>. <i>The Wall Street Journal</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-409\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-409\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFos\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/07/28/remarks-president-obama-people-africa\">\"Remarks by President Obama to the People of Africa\"</a>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 29,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-410\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-410\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFpI\">Ferris, Sarah. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/249189-obama-proud-to-be-first-us-president-to-visit-kenya\">\"Obama: Proud to be first U.S. president to visit Kenya\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Hill_(newspaper)\" title=\"The Hill (newspaper)\">The Hill</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 30,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-411\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-411\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFps\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-36395350\">\"President Obama visits Hiroshima\"</a>. <i>BBC News</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ftelect-412\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ftelect-412\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFqM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.ft.com/content/c596c0a8-a278-11e6-82c3-4351ce86813f\">\"US election: The Russia factor: Officials say Moscow's interference is unprecedented. Has the Kremlin achieved its goal?\"</a>. <i>The FT</i>. November 4, 2016.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-friedmnyt-413\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-friedmnyt-413\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFqk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/05/opinion/lets-get-putins-attention.html?_r=0\">\"Let's Get Putin's Attention\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. October 5, 2016.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-obexit-414\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-obexit-414\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFq8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/07/world/europe/europeans-view-obamas-exit-with-a-mix-of-admiration-and-regret.html\">\"Europeans View Obama's Exit With a Mix of Admiration and Regret\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. November 6, 2016.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-415\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-415\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFrU\">Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (November 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080513153556/http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2004/0411.wallace-wells.html\">\"The Great Black Hope: What's Riding on Barack Obama?\"</a>. <i>Washington Monthly</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2004/0411.wallace-wells.html\">the original</a> on May 13, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFr4\">Scott, Janny (December 28, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080117005009/http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/12/28/america/obama.php\">\"A Member of a New Generation, Obama Walks a Fine Line\"</a>. <i>International Herald Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/12/28/america/obama.php\">the original</a> on January 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-416\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-416\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFsc\">Payne, Les (August 19, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/newsday/access/1322008241.html?dids=1322008241:1322008241&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"In One Country, a Dual Audience\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Newsday</i>. New York<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-417\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-417\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFtA\">Dorning, Mike (October 4, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/1353513781.html?dids=1353513781:1353513781&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT&amp;type=current&amp;date=Oct+4%2C+2007&amp;author=Mike+Dorning\">\"Obama Reaches Across Decades to JFK\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFtk\">Harnden, Toby (October 15, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1565992/Barack-Obama-is-JFK-heir%2C-says-Kennedy-aide.html\">\"Barack Obama is JFK Heir, Says Kennedy Aide\"</a>. <i>The Daily Telegraph</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080515071852/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1565992/Barack-Obama-is-JFK-heir%2C-says-Kennedy-aide.html\">Archived</a> from the original on May 15, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 7,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-exceptional_orator-418\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-exceptional_orator-418\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFuI\">Holmes, Stephanie (November 30, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theage.com.au/world/a-classic-orator-obama-learnt-from-the-masters-20081129-6nf1.html\">\"Obama: Oratory and originality\"</a>. <i>The Age</i>. Melbourne. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154747/http://www.theage.com.au/world/a-classic-orator-obama-learnt-from-the-masters-20081129-6nf1.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 11,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFu0\">Gallo, Carmine (March 3, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.businessweek.com/smallbiz/content/mar2008/sb2008033_156351.htm\">\"How to Inspire People Like Obama Does\"</a>. <i>Bloomberg BusinessWeek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090226003326/http://www.businessweek.com/smallbiz/content/mar2008/sb2008033_156351.htm\">Archived</a> from the original on February 26, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 21,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFvc\">Zlomislic, Diana (December 11, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thestar.com/living/article/551538\">\"New emotion dubbed 'elevation<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Toronto Star</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081212193736/http://www.thestar.com/living/article/551538\">Archived</a> from the original on December 12, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 11,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFwI\">Greene, Richard (January 25, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/richard-greene/obama-is-americas-3rd-gre_b_813868.html\">\"Obama Is America's Third Greatest Presidential Orator in Modern Era\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Huffington_Post\" title=\"The Huffington Post\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Huffington Post</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-419\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-419\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFws\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100220004338/http://www.youtube.com/user/ChangeDotGov\">\"YouTube<span>&nbsp;</span>– ChangeDotGov's Channel\"</a>. YouTube. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.youtube.com/user/ChangeDotGov\">the original</a> on February 20, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-420\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-420\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Dyson, Michael Eric. (2016). The Black Presidency: Barack Obama and the Politics of Race in America. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 275. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span> </span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-544-38766-9\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-544-38766-9\">978-0-544-38766-9</a>.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-421\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-421\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFxc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110616021142/http://www.gallup.com/poll/113962/Obama-Starts-Job-Approval.aspx\">\"Obama Starts With 68% Job Approval\"</a>. Gallup.com. January 24, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gallup.com/poll/113962/obama-starts-job-approval.aspx\">the original</a> on June 16, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-422\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-422\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFx8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.usatoday.com/communities/theoval/post/2011/04/obama-hits-low-point-in-gallup-poll/1\">\"Obama hits low point in Gallup Poll<span>&nbsp;</span>– 41%\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. April 15, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-423\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-423\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFyg\">Jon Terbush (December 9, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/12/approval-by-numbers-how-obama-compares-to-past-presidents.php\">\"Approval By Numbers: How Obama Compares To Past Presidents\"</a>. Tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 19,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-424\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-424\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwFy8\">Oliphant, James (May 11, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2011/may/11/news/la-pn-obama-bounce-20110511\">\"Bin Laden bounce? New poll shows jump in Obama approval\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Los_Angeles_Times\" title=\"Los Angeles Times\">Los Angeles Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-425\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-425\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwFzg\">Balz, Dan; Cohen, John (June 6, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/obama-loses-bin-laden-bounce-romney-on-the-move-among-gop-contenders/2011/06/06/AGT5wiKH_story.html\">\"Obama loses bin Laden bounce; Romney on the move among GOP contenders\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. Nash Holdings LLC<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 7,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-426\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-426\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF0A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gallup.com/poll/124922/Presidential-Job-Approval-Center.aspx\">\"Presidential Job Approval Center\"</a>. Gallup.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-427\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-427\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF0c\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gallup.com/poll/113980/Gallup-Daily-Obama-Job-Approval.aspx\">\"Gallup Daily: Obama Job Approval\"</a>. <i>Gallup Polling</i>. January 22, 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 23,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-428\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-428\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF08\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/09/09/2360240.htm\">\"World wants Obama as president: poll\"</a>. ABC News. Reuters. September 9, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-429\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-429\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF1Q\">Wike, Richard; Poushter, Jacob; Zainulbhai, Hani (29 June 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pewglobal.org/2016/06/29/as-obama-years-draw-to-close-president-and-u-s-seen-favorably-in-europe-and-asia/\">\"As Obama Years Draw to Close, President and U.S. Seen Favorably in Europe and Asia\"</a>. <i>Global Attitudes &amp; Trends</i>. Pew Research Center<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">23 February</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-430\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-430\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF1w\">Freed, John C. (February 6, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/06/world/americas/06iht-poll.4.19983290.html\">\"Poll shows Obama atop list of most respected\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-431\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-431\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF2Q\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/29/world/europe/29iht-poll.html\">\"Obama Most Popular Leader, Poll Finds\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. May 29, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-432\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-432\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF2w\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110513050036/http://www.france24.com/en/20090529-obama-remains-popular-symbol-hope-harris-interactive-poll-world-leaders\">\"Obama remains a popular symbol of hope\"</a>. <a href=\"./France_24\" title=\"France 24\">France 24</a>. June 2, 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.france24.com/en/20090529-obama-remains-popular-symbol-hope-harris-interactive-poll-world-leaders\">the original</a> on May 13, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-433\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-433\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF3U\">Goodman, Dean (February 10, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/musicNews/idUSN0852813420080210\">\"Obama or Clinton? Grammys go for Obama\"</a>. Reuters. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081219070404/https://www.reuters.com/article/musicNews/idUSN0852813420080210\">Archived</a> from the original on December 19, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-434\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-434\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF30\">Strange, Hannah (March 5, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/film/article3491460.ece\">\"Celebrities join YouTube revolution\"</a>. <i>The Times</i>. London<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> <span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-435\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-435\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF4c\">Wappler, Margaret (June 20, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110516090327/http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/soundboard/2008/06/emmys-give-knuc.html\">\"Emmys give knuckle bump to will.i.am; more videos on the way\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times blogs</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/soundboard/2008/06/emmys-give-knuc.html\">the original</a> on May 16, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 26,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-436\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-436\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF5A\">Scherer, Michael (December 19, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://poy.time.com/2012/12/19/person-of-the-year-barack-obama/\">\"2012 Person of the Year: Barack Obama, the President\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 19,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-437\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-437\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF5g\">Von Drehle, David (December 16, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/specials/2008/personoftheyear/article/0,31682,1861543_1865068,00.html\">\"Why History Can't Wait\"</a>. <i>Time</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081217223841/http://www.time.com/time/specials/2008/personoftheyear/article/0%2C31682%2C1861543_1865068%2C00.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 17,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-438\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-438\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF6E\">Barack Obama (May 25, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newstatesman.com/2011/05/nations-rights-world-united\">\"Full transcript -- Speech to UK Parliament\"</a>. <i>New Statesman</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 14,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-439\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-439\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF6k\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/building/palace/westminsterhall/key-dates-wesminster-hall/keydates20th-topresent/\">\"20th century to the present day\"</a>. Parliament of the United Kingdom. April 21, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 14,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-nobel_peace_prize-440\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-nobel_peace_prize-440\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF7A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2009/\">\"The Nobel Peace Prize 2009\"</a>. Nobel Foundation. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20091010170600/http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2009/\">Archived</a> from the original on October 10, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-CNN:_Obama_acceptance_transcript-441\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-CNN:_Obama_acceptance_transcript-441\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF7g\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/12/10/obama.transcript/index.html\">\"Obama: 'Peace requires responsibility<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. CNN. December 10, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 21,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-442\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-442\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF8A\">Philp, Catherine (October 10, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article6868905.ece\">\"Barack Obama's peace prize starts a fight\"</a>. <i>The Times</i>. London<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 10,</span> 2009</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-443\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-443\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF8o\">Samuelsohn, Darren (October 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100415013852/http://www.nytimes.com/gwire/2009/10/09/09greenwire-obama-wins-nobel-prize-in-part-for-confronting-55250.html\">\"Obama Wins Nobel Prize in Part for Confronting 'Great Climatic Challenges<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. Greenwire. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/gwire/2009/10/09/09greenwire-obama-wins-nobel-prize-in-part-for-confronting-55250.html\">the original</a> on April 15, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-444\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-444\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF9Q\">Sharon Otterman (October 9, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/10/09/world-reaction-to-a-nobel-surprise/?hp#bozoanchor\">\"World Reaction to a Nobel Surprise\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-445\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-445\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF9w\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/GCA-BarackObama/idUKTRE5983AM20091009?virtualBrandChannel=11621&amp;sp=true\">\"Obama Peace Prize win has Americans asking why?\"</a>. Reuters. October 9, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-446\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-446\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF-M\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/33237202/\" id=\"mwF-Q\">\"Obama: Nobel Peace Prize 'a call to action'<span id=\"mwF-U\">&nbsp;</span>– Politics<span id=\"mwF-Y\">&nbsp;</span>– White House\"</a>. MSNBC<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwF-c\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwF-g\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-447\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-447\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF-w\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSTRE5981JK20091009?sp=true\" id=\"mwF-0\">\"Obama is surprise winner of Nobel Peace Prize\"</a>. Reuters. October 9, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwF-4\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwF-8\">October 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-whr1-448\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-whr1-448\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwF_M\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-winning-nobel-peace-prize\">\"Remarks by the President on Winning the Nobel Peace Prize\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 13,</span> 2014</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-449\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-449\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwF_o\">Steven Erlanger (October 10, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/10/world/10nobel.html\">\"Surprise Nobel for Obama Stirs Praise and Doubts\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 20,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-450\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-450\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGAI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/10/09/us.nobel.presidents/\">\"Obama's win unique among presidents\"</a>. CNN. October 9, 2009.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-451\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-451\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGAc\">Taylor, Adam. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/09/17/obamas-nobel-peace-prize-didnt-have-the-desired-effect-former-nobel-official-reveals/\">\"Obama's Nobel peace prize didn't have the desired effect, former Nobel official reveals\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 4,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-452\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-452\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGA8\">Korte, Gregory (January 20, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/01/20/obamas-last-hours-leave-note-plan-future/96829330/\">\"Inside Barack Obama's final hours in the White House\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-453\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-453\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGBU\">Kosinski, Michelle; Daniella Diaz (27 May 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://edition.cnn.com/2016/05/25/politics/obama-kalorama-washington-dc-leases-house/\">\"Peek inside Obama's post-presidential pad\"</a>. CNN<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">22 January</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-454\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-454\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGBw\">Carter, Zach; Marans, Daniel (16 December 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/obama-keith-ellison-dnc_us_585460a1e4b0b3ddfd8cd1b5\">\"Obama All But Endorses Tom Perez Against Keith Ellison For DNC Chair\"</a>. <i>Huffington Post</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-455\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-455\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGCI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20170408015950/https://www.jfklibrary.org/About-Us/News-and-Press/Press-Releases/2017-Profile-in-Courage-Award.aspx\">\"Former President Barack H. Obama Announced as Recipient of 2017 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award\"</a>. <i>John F. Kennedy Presidential Library &amp; Museum</i>. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library &amp; Museum. 2 March 2017. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.jfklibrary.org/About-Us/News-and-Press/Press-Releases/2017-Profile-in-Courage-Award.aspx\">the original</a> on 8 April 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">8 April</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-456\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-456\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGCs\">Shear, Michael D. (April 24, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/24/us/politics/obama-chicago.html?_r=0\">\"Obama Steps Back Into Public Life, Trying to Avoid One Word: Trump\"</a>. The New York Times.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-457\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-457\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGDA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/story/2017/05/04/obama-endorses-emmanuel-macron-237974\">\"Obama endorses Macron in French election\"</a>. Politico. May 4, 2017.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-458\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-458\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGDU\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/story/2017/05/09/obama-you-get-the-politicians-you-deserve-238150\">\"Obama: 'You get the politicians you deserve<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. Politico. May 9, 2017.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-459\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-459\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGDs\">Dovere, Edward-Isaac (May 25, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/story/2017/05/25/obama-in-berlin-angela-merkel-238806\">\"Obama in Berlin: 'We can’t hide behind a wall<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. Politico.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-460\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-460\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGEE\">Seipel, Brooke (May 27, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/335406-obama-visits-prince-harry-at-kensington-palace\">\"Obama visits Prince Harry at Kensington Palace\"</a>. The Hill.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-461\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-461\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGEY\">Lee, MJ (June 1, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/01/politics/obama-paris-climate/\">\"Obama pans Trump withdrawal from climate deal\"</a>. CNN.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-462\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-462\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGEs\">Savransky, Rebecca (July 3, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/340535-obama-praises-paris-climate-deal-despite-trumps-withdrawal\">\"Obama praises Paris climate deal despite Trump's withdrawal\"</a>. The Hill.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-463\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-463\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGFA\">Schor, Elana (June 14, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/story/2017/06/14/barack-obama-jeff-flake-congress-baseball-shooting-239559\">\"Obama reaches out to Sen. Flake after shooting\"</a>. Politico.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-464\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-464\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGFU\">Greenwood, Max (June 22, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/339035-obama-slams-fundamental-meanness-at-the-core-of-senate-healthcare-bill\">\"Obama slams 'fundamental meanness' of Senate healthcare bill\"</a>. The Hill.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-465\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-465\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGFo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.barackobamafoundation.org/pages/presidential-library-faqs\">\"Obama Foundation FAQs\"</a>. Barack Obama Foundation.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-legacy-466\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-legacy-466\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGF8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/video/obama-legacy-recovery-recession-affordable-care-act-44927003\">\"Obama Legacy Will Be Recovery from Recession, Affordable Care Act\"</a>. <i>ABC News</i>. January 20, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">15 March</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Oberlander2010-467\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Oberlander2010-467\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwGGc\">Oberlander, Jonathan (1 June 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/29/6/1112.full\">\"Long Time Coming: Why Health Reform Finally Passed\"</a>. <i>Health Affairs</i>. <b>29</b> (6): 1112–1116. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0278-2715\">0278-2715</a>. <a href=\"./Digital_object_identifier\" title=\"Digital object identifier\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//doi.org/10.1377%2Fhlthaff.2010.0447\">10.1377/hlthaff.2010.0447</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Blumenthal2015-468\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Blumenthal2015-468\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwGHM\">Blumenthal, David; Abrams, Melinda; Nuzum, Rachel (18 June 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMhpr1503614\">\"The Affordable Care Act at 5 Years\"</a>. <i>New England Journal of Medicine</i>. <b>372</b> (25): 2451–2458. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0028-4793\">0028-4793</a>. <a href=\"./Digital_object_identifier\" title=\"Digital object identifier\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//doi.org/10.1056%2FNEJMhpr1503614\">10.1056/NEJMhpr1503614</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-CohenEtAl-469\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-CohenEtAl-469\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwGH8\">Cohen, Alan B.; Colby, David C.; Wailoo, Keith A.; Zelizer, Julian E. (1 June 2015). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=H9DGBwAAQBAJ\"><i>Medicare and Medicaid at 50: America's Entitlement Programs in the Age of Affordable Care</i></a>. Oxford University Press. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/9780190231569\" title=\"Special:BookSources/9780190231569\">9780190231569</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-NYTsigning-470\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-NYTsigning-470\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGIg\">Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Pear, Robert (23 March 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/24/health/policy/24health.html\">\"Obama Signs Health Care Overhaul Into Law\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ReutersSCOTUS-471\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ReutersSCOTUS-471\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGI4\">Vicini, James; Stempel, Jonathan; Biskupic, Joan (28 June 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-healthcare-court-idUSBRE85R06420120628\">\"Top court upholds healthcare law in Obama triumph\"</a>. <i>Reuters</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-472\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-472\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGJQ\">Long, Heather (6 January 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/06/news/economy/obama-over-11-million-jobs/\">\"Final tally: Obama created 11.3 million jobs\"</a>. <i>CNN Money</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-473\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-473\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGJo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/barack-obama-legacy/12/\">\"Barack Obama's Legacy: Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform\"</a>. <i>CBS News</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">15 March</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-474\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-474\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">David Crary, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://apnews.com/b94c8697ab2148199ca3d1b6137a9c20/lgbt-activists-view-obama-staunch-champion-their-cause\">LGBT activists view Obama as staunch champion of their cause</a>, Associated Press (January 4, 2017).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-475\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-475\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Elisabeth Bumiller, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/23/us/23military.html\">Obama Ends 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' Policy</a>, <i>New York Times</i> (July 22, 2011).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-476\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-476\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGKU\">Merrit Kennedy (June 30, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/30/484192442/pentagon-says-transgender-troops-can-now-serve-openly\">\"Pentagon Says Transgender Troops Can Now Serve Openly\"</a>. NPR.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-477\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-477\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Michael Smith &amp; Frank Newport, <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gallup.com/poll/201683/americans-assess-progress-obama.aspx\">Americans Assess Progress Under Obama</a>, The Gallup Organization (January 9, 2017).</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-478\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-478\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGKs\">Reimann, Jakob (January 11, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://roarmag.org/essays/obama-legacy-war-conflict-peace/\">\"False hope, broken promises: Obama's belligerent legacy\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./ROAR_Magazine\" title=\"ROAR Magazine\">ROAR Magazine</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">11 March</span> 2017</span>.</cite><sup class=\"noprint Inline-Template \" style=\"white-space:nowrap;\" about=\"#mwt1584\" id=\"mwGLY\"><span>[</span><i><a href=\"./Wikipedia:Identifying_reliable_sources\" title=\"Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources\"><span>unreliable source?</span></a></i><span>]</span></sup></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-479\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-479\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGLw\">Parsons, Christi; Hennigan, W. J. (January 13, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-na-pol-obama-at-war/\">\"President Obama, who hoped to sow peace, instead led the nation in war\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-480\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-480\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.dmdc.osd.mil/appj/dwp/dwp_reports.jsp\">DOD Personnel </a></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-481\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-481\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGMM\">Gramlich, John (5 January 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/01/05/federal-prison-population-fell-during-obamas-term-reversing-recent-trend/\">\"Federal prison population fell during Obama's term, reversing recent trend\"</a>. <i>Pew Research Center</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-482\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-482\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwGMk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.c-span.org/presidentsurvey2017/?page=overall\">\"Total Scores/Overall Rankings\"</a>. <i>Presidential Historians Survey</i>. C-SPAN. 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 11,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-483\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-483\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwGNE\">Von Drehle, David (February 17, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://time.com/4674300/cspan-presidents-rank-2017/\">\"Barack Obama Ranked 12th Best U.S. President Ever in Major Survey of Historians\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Time_(magazine)\" title=\"Time (magazine)\">Time</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li></ol></div>\n\n","toclevel":2,"line":"Notes","anchor":"Notes","isReferenceSection":true},{"id":52,"text":"\n<div class=\"refbegin refbegin-hanging-indents  columns references-column-width\" style=\"-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;\">\n<ul><li> <cite id=\"CITEREFJacobs2011\" class=\"citation book\">Jacobs, Sally H. (2011). <i><a href=\"./The_Other_Barack:_The_Bold_and_Reckless_Life_of_President_Obama's_Father\" title=\"The Other Barack: The Bold and Reckless Life of President Obama's Father\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Other Barack: The Bold and Reckless Life of President Obama's Father</a></i>. New York: <a href=\"./PublicAffairs\" title=\"PublicAffairs\">PublicAffairs</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-58648-793-5\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-58648-793-5\">978-1-58648-793-5</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite id=\"CITEREFMaraniss.2C_David2012\" class=\"citation book\"><a href=\"./David_Maraniss\" title=\"David Maraniss\">Maraniss, David</a> (2012). <i><a href=\"./Barack_Obama:_The_Story\" title=\"Barack Obama: The Story\">Barack Obama: The Story</a></i>. New York: <a href=\"./Simon_&amp;_Schuster\" title=\"Simon &amp; Schuster\">Simon &amp; Schuster</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4391-6040-4\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4391-6040-4\">978-1-4391-6040-4</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite id=\"CITEREFMendell.2C_David2007\" class=\"citation book\"><a href=\"./David_Mendell\" title=\"David Mendell\">Mendell, David</a> (2007). <i><a href=\"./Obama:_From_Promise_to_Power\" title=\"Obama: From Promise to Power\">Obama: From Promise to Power</a></i>. New York: Amistad/<a href=\"./HarperCollins\" title=\"HarperCollins\">HarperCollins</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-06-085820-9\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-06-085820-9\">978-0-06-085820-9</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite id=\"CITEREFObama2004\" class=\"citation book\">Obama, Barack (2004) [1st. Pub. 1995]. <i><a href=\"./Dreams_from_My_Father\" title=\"Dreams from My Father\">Dreams from My Father</a>: A Story of Race and Inheritance</i>. New York: <a href=\"./Three_Rivers_Press\" title=\"Three Rivers Press\">Three Rivers Press</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-8277-3\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-8277-3\">978-1-4000-8277-3</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite id=\"CITEREFObama2006\" class=\"citation book\">Obama, Barack (2006). <i><a href=\"./The_Audacity_of_Hope\" title=\"The Audacity of Hope\">The Audacity of Hope</a>: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream</i>. New York: <a href=\"./Crown_Publishing_Group\" title=\"Crown Publishing Group\">Crown Publishing Group</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-307-23769-9\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-307-23769-9\">978-0-307-23769-9</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\">Scott, Janny (2011). <i><a href=\"./A_Singular_Woman:_The_Untold_Story_of_Barack_Obama's_Mother\" title=\"A Singular Woman: The Untold Story of Barack Obama's Mother\" class=\"mw-redirect\">A Singular Woman: The Untold Story of Barack Obama's Mother</a></i>. New York: <a href=\"./Riverhead_Books\" title=\"Riverhead Books\">Riverhead Books</a>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-59448-797-2\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-59448-797-2\">978-1-59448-797-2</a>.</cite></li></ul>\n</div>\n\n","toclevel":2,"line":"References","anchor":"References","isReferenceSection":true},{"id":53,"text":"\n<div class=\"refbegin refbegin-hanging-indents  columns references-column-width\" style=\"-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;\">\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation magazine\">Graff, Garrett M. (November 1, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080214141924/http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/mediapolitics/1836.html\">\"The Legend of Barack Obama\"</a>. <i>Washingtonian</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/mediapolitics/1836.html\">the original</a> on February 14, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite id=\"CITEREFKoltun2005\" class=\"citation book\">Koltun, Dave (2005). \"The 2004 Illinois Senate Race: Obama Wins Open Seat and Becomes National Political \"Star<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\".  In Ahuja, Sunil; Dewhirst, Robert. <i>The Road to Congress 2004</i>. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-59454-360-9\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-59454-360-9\">978-1-59454-360-9</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation magazine\">Lizza, Ryan (September 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gq.com/news-politics/newsmakers/200708/obama-barack-election-president\">\"Above the Fray\"</a>. <i>GQ</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 27,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation magazine\">MacFarquhar, Larissa (May 7, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/05/07/070507fa_fact_macfarquhar\">\"The Conciliator: Where is Barack Obama Coming From?\"</a>. <i>The New Yorker</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\">McClelland, Edward (2010). <i>Young Mr. Obama: Chicago and the Making of a Black President</i>. New York: Bloomsbury Press. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-60819-060-7\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-60819-060-7\">978-1-60819-060-7</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\">Zutter, Hank De (December 8, 1995). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/what-makes-obama-run/Content?oid=889221\">\"What Makes Obama Run?\"</a>. <i>Chicago Reader</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></li></ul>\n</div>\n\n","toclevel":2,"line":"Further reading","anchor":"Further_reading","isReferenceSection":true}]}

Please don't post bins this big, you can use lang=json, name=output.json, lines=3 with the code quotes or use a paste for this kind of output

output.json
{"sections":[{"id":50,"text":"\n\n","toclevel":1,"line":"Notes and references","anchor":"Notes_and_references","isReferenceSection":true},{"id":51,"text":"\n<div class=\"reflist columns references-column-width\" style=\"-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"mw-references\"><li id=\"cite_note-Merriam-Webster_Dictionary-1\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Merriam-Webster_Dictionary-1\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBOc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Barak\">\"Barak\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBO8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Hussein\">\"Hussein\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBPc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Obama\">\"Obama\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Merriam-Webster\" title=\"Merriam-Webster\">Merriam-Webster Dictionary</a></i>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Dictionary.com-2\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Dictionary.com-2\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBQA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Barak\">\"Barak\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBQk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Hussein\">\"Hussein\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite> </li>\n<li><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBRI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dictionary.com/browse/Obama\">\"Obama\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Dictionary.com\" title=\"Dictionary.com\">Dictionary.com</a> Unabridged</i>. <a href=\"./Random_House\" title=\"Random House\">Random House</a>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-3\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-3\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/other/president_obama_job_approval-1044.html\">https://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/other/president_obama_job_approval-1044.html</a></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-biography-4\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-biography-4\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBRs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20091026043047/http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama\">\"President Barack Obama\"</a>. The White House. 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama\">the original</a> on 26 October 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 12,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-birth-certificate-5\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-birth-certificate-5\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBSM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20170303062746/https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/birth-certificate-long-form.pdf\">\"Certificate of Live Birth: Barack Hussein Obama II, August 4, 1961, 7:24<span>&nbsp;</span>pm, Honolulu\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Department of Health, State of Hawaii</i>. The White House. April 27, 2011. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/birth-certificate-long-form.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on March 3, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 11,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-maraniss-6\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-maraniss-6\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBS8\">Maraniss, David (August 24, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/23/AR2008082301620.html\">\"Though Obama had to leave to find himself, it is Hawaii that made his rise possible\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Washington_Post\" title=\"The Washington Post\">The Washington Post</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A22<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-7\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-7\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBTk\">Nakaso, Dan (December 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2008/Dec/22/ln/hawaii812220320.html\">\"Twin sisters, Obama on parallel paths for years\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Honolulu_Advertiser\" title=\"The Honolulu Advertiser\">The Honolulu Advertiser</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 22,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-8\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-8\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBUM\">Rudin, Ken (December 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/blogs/politicaljunkie/2009/12/todays_junkie_segment_on_totn_5.html\">\"Today's Junkie segment on TOTN: a political review Of 2009\"</a>. <i>Talk of the Nation (Political Junkie blog)</i>. NPR<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 18,</span> 2010</span>. <q>We began with the historic inauguration on January 20 – yes, the first president ever born in Hawaii</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-BarretoO.E2.80.99Bryant2013-9\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-BarretoO.E2.80.99Bryant2013-9\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBUw\">Barreto, Amílcar Antonio; O’Bryant, Richard L. (2013-11-12). \"Introduction\". <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=5VQVAgAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT18\"><i>American Identity in the Age of Obama</i></a>. Taylor &amp; Francis. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>18–19. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/9781317937159\" title=\"Special:BookSources/9781317937159\">9781317937159</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">8 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-10\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-10\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 12.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-11\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-11\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation journal\" id=\"mwBVg\">Smolenyak, Megan Smolenyak (November–December 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=ITgEAAAAMBAJ&amp;pg=PA46\">\"The quest for Obama's Irish roots\"</a>. <i>Ancestry</i>. <b>26</b> (6): 46–47, 49. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/1075-475X\">1075-475X</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 20,</span> 2011</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBWY\">Smolenyak, Megan (May 9, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/megan-smolenyak-smolenyak/tracing-barack-obamas-roo_b_859151.html\">\"Tracing Barack Obama's Roots to Moneygall\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_Huffington_Post\" title=\"The Huffington Post\" class=\"mw-redirect\">The Huffington Post</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 19,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBXA\">Rising, David; Noelting, Christoph (June 4, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2009-06-04-obama-roots_N.htm\">\"Researchers: Obama has German roots\"</a>. USAToday.com. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBXg\">Hutton, Brian; Nickerson, Matthew (May 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(For%20sure)%20(%20Obama's%20South%20Side%20Irish)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(For%20sure)%20(%20Obama's%20South%20Side%20Irish)&amp;xcal_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;xcal_useweights=no\">\"For sure, Obama's South Side Irish; One of his roots traces back to small village\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. Press Association of Ireland. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBYM\">Jordon, Mary (May 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/12/AR2007051201551.html\">\"Tiny Irish village is latest place to claim Obama as its own\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A14<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 13,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBY0\">David Williamson (July 5, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110521140204/http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/welsh-politics/welsh-politics-news/2008/07/05/genealogists-discover-a-red-dragon-breathing-fire-in-us-presidential-candidate-s-past-91466-21266440/\">\"Wales link in US presidential candidate's past\"</a>. <i>www.walesonline.co.uk</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/welsh-politics/welsh-politics-news/2008/07/05/genealogists-discover-a-red-dragon-breathing-fire-in-us-presidential-candidate-s-past-91466-21266440/\">the original</a> on May 21, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 30,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Jones_2007-12\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Jones_2007-12\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBZY\">Jones, Tim (March 27, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://gbppr.dyndns.org/~gbpprorg/obama/barack.mother.txt\">\"Barack Obama: Mother not just a girl from Kansas; Stanley Ann Dunham shaped a future senator\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Chicago_Tribune\" title=\"Chicago Tribune\">Chicago Tribune</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Tempo).</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Obama_1995.2C_2004.2C_pp._9.E2.80.9310-13\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Obama_1995.2C_2004.2C_pp._9.E2.80.9310-13\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 9–10.\n<ul><li> Scott (2011), pp. 80–86.</li>\n<li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 115–118.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 154–160.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Ripley_2008-14\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Ripley_2008-14\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBaI\">Ripley, Amanda (April 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1729685,00.html\">\"The story of Barack Obama's mother\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Time_(magazine)\" title=\"Time (magazine)\">Time</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 9,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-15\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-15\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), p. 86.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 125–127.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 160–163.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-16\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-16\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 87–93.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 115–118, 125–127, 133–161.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 170–183, 188–189.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-17\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-17\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 142–144.\n<ul><li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 161–177, 227–230.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 190–194, 201–209, 227–230.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-18\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-18\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBbQ\">Ochieng, Philip (November 1, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070927223905/http://www.nationmedia.com/EastAfrican/01112004/Features/PA2-11.html\">\"From home squared to the US Senate: how Barack Obama was lost and found\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_EastAfrican\" title=\"The EastAfrican\">The EastAfrican</a></i>. Nairobi. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nationmedia.com/EastAfrican/01112004/Features/PA2-11.html\">the original</a> on September 27, 2007.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBb4\">Merida, Kevin (December 14, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/story/2007/12/13/ST2007121301893.html\">\"The ghost of a father\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A12<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 25,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Jacobs (2011), pp. 251–255.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 411–417.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-19\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-19\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBck\">Serrano, Richard A. (March 11, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-na-obamahawaii11-2007mar11,0,199085,full.story\">\"Obama's peers didn't see his angst\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 13,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), Chapters 4 and 5.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-20\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-20\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 97–103.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 195–201, 225–230.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-21\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-21\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Maraniss (2012), pp. 195–201, 209–223, 230–244.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-22\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-22\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Maraniss (2012), pp. 216, 221, 230, 234–244.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-23\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-23\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBdY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.calverteducation.com/calvert/barack-obama-calvert-homeschooler\">\"Barack Obama: Calvert Homeschooler? – Calvert Education Blog\"</a>. calverteducation.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-24\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-24\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBd0\">Meacham, Jon (August 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/what-barack-obama-learned-his-father-88011\">\"What Barack Obama Learned from His Father\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/6nNaxJYJG?url=http://www.newsweek.com/what-barack-obama-learned-his-father-88011?rx=us\">Archived</a> from the original on January 9, 2017<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 9,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-25\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-25\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBeY\">Serafin, Peter (March 21, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://archives.starbulletin.com/2004/03/21/news/story4.html\">\"Punahou grad stirs up Illinois politics\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Honolulu_Star-Bulletin\" title=\"Honolulu Star-Bulletin\">Honolulu Star-Bulletin</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBfE\">Scott, Janny (March 14, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/14/us/politics/14obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"A free-spirited wanderer who set Obama's path\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 18,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), Chapters 3 and 4.</li>\n<li> Scott (2012), pp. 131–134.</li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 264–269.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-26\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-26\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBf0\">Wolffe, Richard (March 22, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/when-barry-became-barack-84255\">\"When Barry Became Barack\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Newsweek\" title=\"Newsweek\">Newsweek</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 21,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-27\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-27\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 139–157.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 279–281.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-28\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-28\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 157–194.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 279–281, 324–326.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-29\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-29\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Scott (2011), pp. 214, 294, 317–346.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-30\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-30\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBgo\">Reyes, B.J. (February 8, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://archives.starbulletin.com/2007/02/08/news/story02.html\">\"Punahou left lasting impression on Obama\"</a>. <i>Honolulu Star-Bulletin</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 10,</span> 2007</span>. <q>As a teenager, Obama went to parties and sometimes sought out gatherings on military bases or at the University of Hawaii that were mostly attended by blacks.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-31\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-31\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBhM\">Elliott, Philip (November 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20120407214401/http://articles.boston.com/2007-11-21/news/29233371_1_barack-obama-education-plan-campaign-trail\">\"Obama gets blunt with N.H. students\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. Associated Press. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8A. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.boston.com/2007-11-21/news/29233371_1_barack-obama-education-plan-campaign-trail\">the original</a> on April 7, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-32\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-32\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBh0\">Karl, Jonathan (May 25, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/05/obama-and-his-pot-smoking-choom-gang/\">\"Obama and his pot-smoking \"choom gang<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\"</a>. ABC News<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 25,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBic\">Obama, Barack (2004) [1995]. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=HRCHJp-V0QUC&amp;pg=PA93\"><i>Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance</i></a>. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>93–94<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBjE\">Maraniss, David (2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=Wnna9CLtblAC&amp;&amp;q=choom\"><i>Barack Obama: The Story</i></a>. pages with \"choom gang\"<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> for analysis of the political impact of the quote and Obama's more recent admission that he smoked marijuana as a teenager (\"When I was a kid, I inhaled\"), see:</li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBjs\">Seelye, Katharine Q. (October 24, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D07E2DB173FF937A15753C1A9609C8B63\">\"Obama offers more variations from the norm\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A21<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2006</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBkU\">Romano, Lois (January 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/02/AR2007010201359.html\">\"Effect of Obama's candor remains to be seen\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2007</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-33\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-33\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBk4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://video.pbs.org/video/2288869682/\">\"FRONTLINE The Choice 2012\"</a>. PBS. October 9, 2012<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Occidental-34\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Occidental-34\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBlU\">Gordon, Larry (January 29, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100524102944/http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/29/local/me-oxy29\">\"Occidental recalls 'Barry' Obama\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/29/local/me-oxy29\">the original</a> on May 24, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBmE\">Possley, Maurice (March 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703291042mar30-archive,0,1533921.story\">\"Activism blossomed in college\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>20. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101009204342/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703291042mar30-archive%2C0%2C1533921.story\">Archived</a> from the original on October 9, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBmw\">Kovaleski, Serge F. (February 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/09/us/politics/09obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Old friends say drugs played bit part in Obama's young life\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBnY\">Rohter, Larry (April 10, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/10/us/politics/10obama.html\">\"Obama says real-life experience trumps rivals' foreign policy credits\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A18<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBoA\">Adam Goldman; Robert Tanner (May 15, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/2008-05-15-3144401415_x.htm\">\"Old friends recall Obama's years in LA, NYC\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBok\">Helman, Scott (August 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/politics/2008/articles/2008/08/25/small_college_awakened_future_senator_to_service/?page=full\">\"Small college awakened future senator to service (subscription archive)\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBpM\">Jackson, Brooks (June 5, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.factcheck.org/2009/06/more-birther-nonsense-obamas-1981-pakistan-trip\">\"More 'birther' nonsense: Obama's 1981 Pakistan trip\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 12,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBps\">Remnick, David (2010). <i><a href=\"./The_Bridge:_The_Life_and_Rise_of_Barack_Obama\" title=\"The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama\">The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama</a></i>. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>98–112. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\">978-1-4000-4360-6</a>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 92–112.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 55–62.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-35\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-35\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBqc\">Boss-Bicak, Shira (January 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.college.columbia.edu/cct_archive/jan05/cover.php\">\"Barack Obama '83\"</a>. <i>Columbia College Today</i>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0572-7820\">0572-7820</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 1,</span> 2006</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-36\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-36\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBrI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/06/26/remarks-president-town-hall\">\"Remarks by the President in Town Hall\"</a>. <i>whitehouse.gov</i>. June 26, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 15,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-37\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-37\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBro\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nymag.com/arts/all/approvalmatrix/approval-matrix-2012-8-27/\">\"The Approval Matrix\"</a>. <i>New York</i>. August 27, 2012.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-38\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-38\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBsA\">Horsley, Scott (9 July 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=92337754\">\"Obama's Early Brush With Financial Markets\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\">NPR</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">2017-07-17</span></span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-39\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-39\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBsk\">Obama, Barack (1998). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20010509024017/http://www.law.uchicago.edu/faculty/obama/cv.html\">\"Curriculum vitae\"</a>. The University of Chicago Law School. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.law.uchicago.edu/faculty/obama/cv.html\">the original</a> on May 9, 2001<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 1,</span> 2006</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBtM\">Issenberg, Sasha (August 6, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2008/08/06/obama_shows_hints_of_his_year_in_global_finance/?page=1\">\"Obama shows hints of his year in global finance; Tied markets to social aid\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080809070043/http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2008/08/06/obama_shows_hints_of_his_year_in_global_finance/?page=1\">Archived</a> from the original on August 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-40\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-40\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBt0\">Scott, Janny (July 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/30/us/politics/30obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Obama's account of New York often differs from what others say\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 31,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 133–140.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 62–63.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Who.27s_Who_2008-41\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Who.27s_Who_2008-41\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwBuk\">Chassie, Karen, ed. (2007). <i>Who's Who in America, 2008</i>. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3468. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-8379-7011-0\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-8379-7011-0\">978-0-8379-7011-0</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-42\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-42\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBvI\">Fink, Jason (November 9, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsday.com/news/new-york/obama-stood-out-even-during-brief-1985-nypirg-job-1.885513\">\"Obama stood out, even during brief 1985 NYPIRG job\"</a>. <i>Newsday</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-43\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-43\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwBvg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.oprah.com/slideshow/oprahshow/oprahshow1_ss_20061018/10\">\"Keeping Hope Alive: Barack Obama Puts Family First\"</a>. <i>The Oprah Winfrey Show</i>. October 18, 2006<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-44\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-44\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBwA\">Fornek, Scott (September  9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545462,BSX-News-wotrees09.stng\">\"Half Siblings: 'A Complicated Family<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5msGZ6sKn?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545462%2CBSX-News-wotrees09.stng\">Archived</a> from the original on January 18, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBwo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080703042659/http://www.suntimes.com/images/cds/special/family_tree.html\">\"Interactive Family Tree\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. September 9, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/images/cds/special/family_tree.html\">the original</a> on July 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-45\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-45\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBxM\">Fornek, Scott (September  9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545449,BSX-News-wotreeee09.stng\">\"Madelyn Payne Dunham: 'A Trailblazer<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5gm7oJqn9?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/familytree/545449%2CBSX-News-wotreeee09.article\">Archived</a> from the original on May 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-46\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-46\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBx0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/03/obama.grandma/index.html\">\"Obama's grandmother dies after battle with cancer\"</a>. CNN. November 3, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081103235343/http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/03/obama.grandma/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on November 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 4,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-47\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-47\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwByU\">Smolenyak, Megan (May 9, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/megan-smolenyak-smolenyak/tracing-barack-obamas-roo_b_859151.html\">\"Tracing Barack Obama's Roots to Moneygall\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-48\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-48\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 13. For reports on Obama's maternal genealogy, including slave owners, Irish connections, and common ancestors with George W. Bush, <a href=\"./Dick_Cheney\" title=\"Dick Cheney\">Dick Cheney</a>, and <a href=\"./Harry_S._Truman\" title=\"Harry S. Truman\">Harry S. Truman</a>, see: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBy0\">Nitkin, David; Harry Merritt (March 2, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070930033339/http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nationworld/politics/bal-te.obama02mar02%2C0%2C3453027.story\">\"A New Twist to an Intriguing Family History\"</a>. <i>The Baltimore Sun</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nationworld/politics/bal-te.obama02mar02,0,3453027.story\">the original</a> on September 30, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBzY\">Jordan, Mary (May 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/12/AR2007051201551.html\">\"Tiny Irish Village Is Latest Place to Claim Obama as Its Own\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwBz4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080602215833/http://cbs2chicago.com/topstories/Barack.Obama.family.2.339709.html\">\"Obama's Family Tree Has a Few Surprises\"</a>. CBS 2 (Chicago). Associated Press. September 8, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://cbs2chicago.com/topstories/Barack.Obama.family.2.339709.html\">the original</a> on June 2, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-in_Jakarta-49\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-in_Jakarta-49\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB0Y\">Zimmer, Benjamin (2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1025\">\"Obama's Indonesian Redux\"</a>. Language Log. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090303094040/http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1025\">Archived</a> from the original on March 3, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 12,</span> 2009</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB1A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081203010718/http://cetak.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/11/26/00223862/obama.saya.kangen.nasi.goreng.bakso.dan.rambutan\">\"Obama: Saya Kangen Nasi Goreng, Bakso, dan Rambutan\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Kompas\" title=\"Kompas\">Kompas</a></i> (in Indonesian). November 26, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://cetak.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/11/26/00223862/obama.saya.kangen.nasi.goreng.bakso.dan.rambutan\">the original</a> on December 3, 2008.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-in_Jakarta2-50\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-in_Jakarta2-50\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB1k\">Zimmer, Benjamin (January 23, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1052\">\"Obama's Indonesian pleasantries: the video\"</a>. <i>Language Log</i>. <a href=\"./University_of_Pennsylvania\" title=\"University of Pennsylvania\">University of Pennsylvania</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 7,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-51\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-51\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB2I\">Kantor, Jodi (June 1, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/01/us/politics/01hoops.html\">\"One Place Where Obama Goes Elbow to Elbow\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090401222632/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/01/us/politics/01hoops.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 1, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB2s\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.hbo.com/real-sports-with-bryant-gumbel/episodes#/real-sports-with-bryant-gumbel/episodes/0/133-april-15-2008/index.html\">\"The Love of the Game\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(video)</span>. <i>Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel</i>. HBO. April 15, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 12,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-52\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-52\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB3Q\">Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Kirkpatrick, David D.; Shane, Scott (January 22, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/us/politics/22obama.html\">\"On First Day, Obama Quickly Sets a New Tone\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 7,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-53\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-53\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB30\">Silva, Mark (August 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080829134235/http://www.swamppolitics.com/news/politics/blog/2008/08/barack_obama_white_sox_serious.html\">\"Barack Obama: White Sox 'serious' ball\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.swamppolitics.com/news/politics/blog/2008/08/barack_obama_white_sox_serious.html\">the original</a> on August 29, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-54\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-54\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB4Q\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.yardbarker.com/all_sports/articles/barack_obama_explains_white_sox_jacket_talks_nats_in_all_star_booth_visit/803700\">\"Barack Obama Explains White Sox Jacket, Talks Nats in All-Star Booth Visit\"</a>. MLB Fanhouse. July 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 6,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Steelers-55\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Steelers-55\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB4s\">Branigin, William (January 30, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/29/AR2009012903196.html\">\"Steelers Win Obama's Approval\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. <q>But other than the Bears, the Steelers are probably the team that's closest to my heart.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-56\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-56\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB5I\">Mayer, Larry (October 7, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagobears.com/news/article-1/85-Bears-honored-by-President-Obama-at-White-House/A3C494F7-6681-44BB-850A-61EEE18315E4\">\"1985 Bears honored by President Obama\"</a>. <a href=\"./Chicago_Bears\" title=\"Chicago Bears\">Chicago Bears</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 4,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-theindependentbeforemichelle-57\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-theindependentbeforemichelle-57\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB5o\">Hosie, Rachel (3 May 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/before-michelle-barack-obama-sheila-miyoshi-jager-engagement-chicago-us-president-david-j-garrow-a7714771.html\">\"BEFORE MICHELLE: THE STORY OF BARACK OBAMA'S PROPOSAL TO SHEILA MIYOSHI JAGER\"</a>. <i>The Independent</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">11 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-tobiasoberlincollegeprofessor-58\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-tobiasoberlincollegeprofessor-58\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB6I\">Tobias, Andrew J. (May 3, 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cleveland.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/05/oberlin_college_professor_rece.html\">\"Oberlin College professor received unsuccessful marriage proposal from Barack Obama in 1980s, new biography reveals\"</a>. <i>The Plain Dealer</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">11 May</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-59\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-59\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), pp. 327–332. See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB6o\">Brown, Sarah (December 7, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090220165725/http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/2005/12/07/14049/\">\"Obama '85 masters balancing act\"</a>. <i>The Daily Princetonian</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/2005/12/07/14049\">the original</a> on February 20, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 9,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-60\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-60\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), p. 329.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-61\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-61\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB7M\">Fornek, Scott (October  3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/585261,CST-NWS-wedding03.stng\">\"Michelle Obama: 'He Swept Me Off My Feet<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.webcitation.org/5msGZDbMO?url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/politics/obama/585261%2CCST-NWS-wedding03.stng\">Archived</a> from the original on January 18, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-62\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-62\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB70\">Martin, Jonathan (July 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politico.com/blogs/jonathanmartin/0708/Born_on_the_4th_of_July.html\">\"Born on the 4th of July\"</a>. <i>Politico</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080710073536/http://www.politico.com/blogs/jonathanmartin/0708/Born_on_the_4th_of_July.html\">Archived</a> from the original on July 10, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-63\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-63\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), p. 440, and Obama (2006), pp. 339–340. See also:<cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB8Y\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.gannettnewsservice.com/?cat=153\">\"Election 2008 Information Center: Barack Obama\"</a>. Gannett News Service<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-64\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-64\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB80\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090129194323/http://iht.com/articles/ap/2008/11/22/america/Obama-School.php\">\"Obamas choose private Sidwell Friends School\"</a>. <i>International Herald Tribune</i>. November 22, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://iht.com/articles/ap/2008/11/22/america/Obama-School.php\">the original</a> on January 29, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 2,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-65\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-65\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB9Y\">Cooper, Helene (April 13, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/13/us/politics/13obama.html\">\"One Obama Search Ends With a Puppy Named Bo\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Feldmann-66\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Feldmann-66\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwB94\">Feldmann, Linda (August 20, 2013). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/DC-Decoder/Decoder-Wire/2013/0820/New-little-girl-arrives-at-White-House.-Meet-Sunny-Obama.-video\">\"New little girl arrives at White House. Meet Sunny Obama. (+video)\"</a>. <i id=\"mwB-A\"><a href=\"./The_Christian_Science_Monitor\" title=\"The Christian Science Monitor\" id=\"mwB-E\">The Christian Science Monitor</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwB-I\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwB-M\">August 20,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-67\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-67\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB-c\">Zeleny, Jeff (December 24, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-051224obama,0,1779783,full.story\" id=\"mwB-g\">\"The first time around: Sen. Obama's freshman year\"</a>. <i id=\"mwB-k\">Chicago Tribune</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110513214525/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-051224obama%2C0%2C1779783%2Cfull.story\" id=\"mwB-o\">Archived</a> from the original on May 13, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwB-s\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwB-w\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-corruption_charges-68\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-corruption_charges-68\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB_A\">Slevin, Peter (December 17, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/16/AR2006121600729.html\">\"Obama says he regrets land deal with fundraiser\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwB_o\">Robinson, Mike (June 4, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24973282/\">\"Rezko found guilty in corruption case\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080607025656/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24973282/\">Archived</a> from the original on June 7, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-69\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-69\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCAI\">Harris, Marlys (December 7, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0712/gallery.candidates.moneymag/5.html\">\"Obama's Money\"</a>. CNNMoney.com. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080424113420/http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0712/gallery.candidates.moneymag/5.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 24, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><br id=\"mwCAo\">See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCAs\">Goldfarb, Zachary A (March 24, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/24/AR2007032400305.html\">\"Measuring Wealth of the '08 Candidates\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-70\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-70\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCBM\">Zeleny, Jeff (April 17, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/politics/17obama.html\">\"Book Sales Lifted Obamas' Income in 2007 to a Total of $4.2<span>&nbsp;</span>Million\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090416015848/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/politics/17obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-71\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-71\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCB0\">Shear, Michael D.; Hilzenrath, David S. (April 16, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/15/AR2010041504485.html\">\"Obamas report $5.5<span>&nbsp;</span>million in income on 2009 tax return\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 22,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-72\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-72\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCCY\">Solman, Paul (April 18, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110502113725/http://www.pbs.org/newshour/businessdesk/2011/04/how-much-did-president-obama-m.html\">\"How Much Did President Obama Make in 2010?\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./PBS_NewsHour\" title=\"PBS NewsHour\">PBS NewsHour</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/newshour/businessdesk/2011/04/how-much-did-president-obama-m.html\">the original</a> on May 2, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 27,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-73\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-73\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCDA\">Solman, Paul (April 27, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20140129072652/http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/the-obamas-gave-131000-to-the-fisher-house-foundation-last-year-what-is-it.html\">\"The Obamas Gave $131,000 to Fisher House Foundation in 2010; What Is It?\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./PBS_NewsHour\" title=\"PBS NewsHour\">PBS NewsHour</a></i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/the-obamas-gave-131000-to-the-fisher-house-foundation-last-year-what-is-it.html\">the original</a> on January 29, 2014<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 27,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-networth12-74\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-networth12-74\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCDo\">Wolf, Richard (May 16, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://content.usatoday.com/communities/theoval/post/2012/05/obama-worth-as-much-as-10-million/1\">\"Obama worth as much as $10<span>&nbsp;</span>million\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./USA_Today\" title=\"USA Today\">USA Today</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 16,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-reuters-smoking-75\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-reuters-smoking-75\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Elsner, Alan (December 7, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2008/12/07/us-usa-obama-smoking-idUSTRE4B61GF20081207\">Obama says he won't be smoking in White House\"</a>. Reuters. Retrieved February 28, 2010.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-76\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-76\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Zengerle, Patricia (February 8, 2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/08/us-obama-smoking-idUSTRE7176EL20110208\">\"Yes, he did: first lady says Obama quit smoking\"</a>. Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2011.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-77\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-77\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCEY\">Obama, Barack (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.glamour.com/story/glamour-exclusive-president-barack-obama-says-this-is-what-a-feminist-looks-like\">\"Glamour Exclusive: President Barack Obama Says, \"This Is What a Feminist Looks Like<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">\"</span>\"</a>. <i>Glamour</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-78\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-78\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCE8\">Victor, Daniel (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/05/us/obama-writes-feminist-essay-in-glamour.html\">\"Obama Writes Feminist Essay in Glamour\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-79\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-79\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCFc\">Kelly, Cara (August 4, 2016). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/entertainthis/2016/08/04/president-obama-glamour-s-important-sasha-and-malias-dad-feminist/88061556/\">\"President Obama in 'Glamour': It's important Sasha and Malia's dad is a feminist\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Christian-80\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Christian-80\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCGE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090123091100/http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/obama\">\"American President: Barack Obama\"</a>. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. 2009. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/obama\">the original</a> on January 23, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 23,</span> 2009</span>. <q>Religion: Christian</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCGs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110105040018/http://www.fightthesmears.com/file_download/2/baracksfaith.pdf\">\"The Truth about Barack's Faith\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Obama for America. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fightthesmears.com/file_download/2/baracksfaith.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on January 5, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 1,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCHY\">Miller, Lisa (July 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/145971\">\"Finding his faith\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20100206163704/http://www.newsweek.com/id/145971\">Archived</a> from the original on February 6, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 4,</span> 2010</span>. <q>He is now a Christian, having been baptized in the early 1990s at Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCIE\">Barakat, Matthew (November 17, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757\">\"Obama's church choice likely to be scrutinized; D.C. churches have started extending invitations to Obama and his family\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090124004315/http://msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757\">Archived</a> from the original on January 24, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 20,</span> 2009</span>. <q>The United Church of Christ, the denomination from which Obama resigned when he left Wright's church, issued a written invitation to join a UCC denomination in Washington and resume his connections to the church.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCIs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.ucc.org/news/obama-inauguration.html\">\"Barack Obama, long time UCC member, inaugurated forty-fourth U.S. President\"</a>. United Church of Christ. January 20, 2009. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090125002304/http://www.ucc.org/news/obama-inauguration.html\">Archived</a> from the original on January 25, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 21,</span> 2009</span>. <q>Barack Obama, who spent more than 20 years as a UCC member, is the forty-fourth President of the United States.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCJU\">Sullivan, Amy (June 29, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1907610,00.html\">\"The Obama's find a church home<span>&nbsp;</span>– away from home\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 5,</span> 2010</span>. <q>instead of joining a congregation in Washington, D.C., he will follow in George W. Bush's footsteps and make his primary place of worship Evergreen Chapel, the nondenominational church at Camp David.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCKA\">Kornblut, Anne E. (February 4, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/03/AR2010020303619.html\">\"Obama's spirituality is largely private, but it's influential, advisers say\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 5,</span> 2010</span>. <q>Obama prays privately<span>&nbsp;</span>... And when he takes his family to Camp David on the weekends, a Navy chaplain ministers to them, with the daughters attending a form of Sunday school there.</q></cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-social_change-81\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-social_change-81\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (2006), pp. 202–208. Portions excerpted in: <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCKs\">Obama, Barack (October 16, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1546579,00.html\">\"My Spiritual Journey\"</a>. <i>Time</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080430051154/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0%2C9171%2C1546579%2C00.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCLY\">Obama, Barack (June 28, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090104231501/http://obama.senate.gov/speech/060628-call_to_renewal/\">\"<span style=\"padding-left:0.2em;\">'</span>Call to Renewal' Keynote Address\"</a>. Barack Obama: U.S. Senator for Illinois. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/speech/060628-call_to_renewal/\">the original</a> on January 4, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 16,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-82\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-82\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCL8\">Pulliam, Sarah; Olsen, Ted (January 23, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/januaryweb-only/104-32.0.html?start=2\">\"Q&amp;A: Barack Obama\"</a>. <i>Christianity Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 4,</span> 2013</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-APbychoice-83\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-APbychoice-83\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCMc\">Charles Babington; Darlene Superville (September 28, 2010). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110511232554/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/28/obama-christian-by-choice_n_742124.html?view=print\">\"Obama 'Christian By Choice': President Responds To Questioner\"</a>. <i>The Huffington Post</i>. Associated Press. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/28/obama-christian-by-choice_n_742124.html?view=print\">the original</a> on May 11, 2011.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ABCVideobychoice-84\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ABCVideobychoice-84\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCM4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2010/09/president-obama-i-am-a-christian-by-choicethe-precepts-of-jesus-spoke-to-me.html\">\"President Obama: 'I am a Christian By Choice...The Precepts of Jesus Spoke to Me<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. <a href=\"./ABC_News\" title=\"ABC News\">ABC News</a>. September 29, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">December 27,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Trinity-85\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Trinity-85\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCNc\">Garrett, Major; Obama, Barack (March 14, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2008/03/obama_talks_to_major_garrett_o.html\">\"Obama talks to Major Garrett on 'Hannity &amp; Colmes<span style=\"padding-right:0.2em;\">'</span>\"</a>. RealClearPolitics<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>Major Garrett, Fox News correspondent: So the first question, how long have you been a member in good standing of that church? Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL), presidential candidate: You know, I've been a member since 1991 or '92. And<span>&nbsp;</span>– but I have known Trinity even before then when I was a community organizer on the South Side, helping steel workers find jobs<span>&nbsp;</span>... Garrett: As a member in good standing, were you a regular attendee of Sunday services? Obama: You know, I won't say that I was a perfect attendee. I was regular in spurts, because there was times when, for example, our child had just been born, our first child. And so we didn't go as regularly then.</q></cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCOQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24371827/\">\"Obama strongly denounces former pastor\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. April 29, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>I have been a member of Trinity United Church of Christ since 1992, and have known Reverend Wright for 20 years,\" Obama said. \"The person I saw yesterday was not the person that I met 20 years ago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCO0\">Miller, Lisa (July 11, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130720055213/http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/07/11/finding-his-faith.html\">\"Finding his faith\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/07/11/finding-his-faith.html\">the original</a> on July 20, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 10,</span> 2012</span>. <q>He is now a Christian, having been baptized in the early 1990s at Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCPg\">Remnick, David (2010). <i><a href=\"./The_Bridge:_The_Life_and_Rise_of_Barack_Obama\" title=\"The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama\">The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama</a></i>. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p.<span>&nbsp;</span><span class=\"plainlinks\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=F6HAasv2v-4C&amp;pg=PA177\">177</a></span>. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-4000-4360-6\">978-1-4000-4360-6</a>. <q>In late October 1987, his third year as an organizer, Obama went with Kellman to a conference on the black church and social justice at the Harvard Divinity School.</q></cite></li>\n<li> Maraniss (2012), <span class=\"plainlinks\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=Wnna9CLtblAC&amp;pg=PT887\">p. 557</a></span>: It would take time for Obama to join and become fully engaged in Wright's church, a place where he would be baptized and married; that would not happen until later, during his second time around in Chicago, but the process started then, in October 1987<span>&nbsp;</span>... Jerry Kellman: \"He wasn't a member of the church during those first three years, but he was drawn to Jeremiah.\"</li>\n<li> <a href=\"./Peter_Baker_(author)\" title=\"Peter Baker (author)\">Peter Baker</a>: <i>Obama: The Call of History</i>, New York Times/Callaway, New York, 2017, <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a> <a href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-935112-90-1\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-935112-90-1\">0-935112-90-1</a>.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-86\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-86\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCQ4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27775757/\">\"Obama's church choice likely to be scrutinized\"</a>. MSNBC. Associated Press. November 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 20,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-87\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-87\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Parker, Ashley. \"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/29/us/as-the-obamas-celebrate-christmas-rituals-of-faith-stay-on-the-sidelines.html\">As the Obamas Celebrate Christmas, Rituals of Faith Become Less Visible</a>,\" <i>The New York Times</i>, December 28, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-88\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-88\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Gilgoff, Dan. \"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/god-and-country/2009/06/30/time-report-white-house-reaction-raise-more-questions-about-obamas-church-hunt\">TIME Report, White House Reaction Raise More Questions About Obama's Church Hunt</a>,\" <i>U.S. News &amp; World Report</i>, June 30, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-89\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-89\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">\"<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://washington.cbslocal.com/2014/04/22/first-lady-we-use-sundays-for-naps-if-were-not-going-to-church/\">First Lady: We Use Sundays For Naps If We're Not Going To Church</a>,\" <i>CBS DC</i>, April 22, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2017.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-90\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-90\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCRs\">Lizza, Ryan (March 19, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/the-agitator-barack-obamas-unlikely-political-education\">\"The agitator: Barack Obama's unlikely political education\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>236 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>12. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>22–26, 28–29. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0028-6583\">0028-6583</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">August 21,</span> 2007</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCSs\">Bob Secter; John McCormick (March 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20091214172131/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703300121mar30-archive%2C0%2C2491692%2Cfull.story\">\"Portrait of a pragmatist\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0703300121mar30-archive,0,2491692,full.story\">the original</a> on December 14, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 140–295.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 63–83.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990a-91\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990a-91\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCTc\">Matchan, Linda (February 15, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/politics/2008/articles/1990/02/15/a_law_review_breakthrough\">\"A Law Review breakthrough\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>29<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCUI\">Corr, John (February 27, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_multi=PI%7CDN%7C&amp;p_product=PHNP&amp;p_theme=phnp&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_trackval=PHNP&amp;s_dispstring=Author%28John%20Corr%29%20AND%20date%2802/27/1990%20to%2002/27/1990%29%20AND%20date%28all%29&amp;p_field_advanced-0=Author&amp;p_text_advanced-0=%28John%20Corr%29&amp;p_bool_advanced-1=AND&amp;p_params_advanced-1=date:B,E&amp;p_field_advanced-1=YMD_date&amp;p_text_advanced-1=%2802/27/1990%20to%2002/27/1990%29Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"From mean streets to hallowed halls\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>The Philadelphia Inquirer</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C01<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-92\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-92\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCUw\">Obama, Barack (August–September 1988). \"Why organize? Problems and promise in the inner city\". <i>Illinois Issues</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>14 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>8–9. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>40–42. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0738-9663\">0738-9663</a>.</cite> reprinted in:<br id=\"mwCVc\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCVg\">Knoepfle, Peg, ed. (1990). <i>After Alinsky: community organizing in Illinois</i>. Springfield, IL: Sangamon State University. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>35–40. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-9620873-3-5\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-9620873-3-5\">0-9620873-3-5</a>. <q>He has also been a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, an organizing institute working throughout the Midwest.</q></cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Obama_2012-93\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Obama_2012-93\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCWI\">Obama, Auma (2012). <i>And then life happens: a memoir</i>. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>189–208, 212–216. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Book_Number\" title=\"International Standard Book Number\">ISBN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1-250-01005-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1-250-01005-6\">978-1-250-01005-6</a>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-94\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-94\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 299–437.\n<ul><li> Maraniss (2012), pp. 564–570.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-wgbh-95\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-wgbh-95\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bostonlocaltv.org/catalog/V_UDAMVZGA4JEY06N\">\"Ten O'Clock News; Derrick Bell threatens to leave Harvard\"</a>, April 24, 1990, 11:34, <a href=\"./WGBH_Educational_Foundation\" title=\"WGBH Educational Foundation\">WGBH</a>, <a href=\"./American_Archive_of_Public_Broadcasting\" title=\"American Archive of Public Broadcasting\">American Archive of Public Broadcasting</a> (WGBH and the <a href=\"./Library_of_Congress\" title=\"Library of Congress\">Library of Congress</a>), Boston and Washington, D.C., accessed September 23, 2016.</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-96\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-96\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCXE\">Joey Del Ponte; Somerville Scout Staff. \"Something in the Water\". <i>Somerville Scout</i> (January/February 2014). p.<span>&nbsp;</span>26.</cite> \"Barack Obama lived in the big, ivy-covered brick building at 365 Broadway<span>&nbsp;</span>... From 1988 to 1991, the future president resided in a basement apartment while attending Harvard Law School.\"</span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_2007-97\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_2007-97\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCXg\">Michael Levenson; Jonathan Saltzman (January 28, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2007/01/28/at_harvard_law_a_unifying_voice/?page=full\">\"At Harvard Law, a unifying voice\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCYM\">Kantor, Jodi (January 28, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/28/us/politics/28obama.html?pagewanted=all\">\"In law school, Obama found political voice\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCY0\">Mundy, Liza (August 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/08/AR2007080802038_pf.html\">\"A series of fortunate events\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>W10<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 80–92.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990b-98\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Harvard_Law_1990b-98\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCZc\">Butterfield, Fox (February 6, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/1990/02/06/us/first-black-elected-to-head-harvard-s-law-review.html\">\"First black elected to head Harvard's Law Review\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCaI\">Ybarra, Michael J (February 7, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1990-02-07/news/9001110408_1_ann-dunham-chicago-housing-authority-barack-obama\">\"Activist in Chicago now heads Harvard Law Review\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 29,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCaw\">Drummond, Tammerlin (March 12, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/60017156.html?dids=60017156:60017156&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Barack Obama's law; Harvard Law Review's first black president plans a life of public service\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>E1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCbc\">Evans, Gaynelle (March 15, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://diverseeducation.com/article/11791/\">\"Opening another door: The saga of Harvard's Barack H. Obama\"</a>. <i>Black Issues in Higher Education</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>7 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>1. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>5. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0742-0277\">0742-0277</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCcY\">Pugh, Allison J. (April 18, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_multi=MH%7C&amp;p_product=MH&amp;p_theme=realcities2&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_site=miami&amp;s_trackval=MH&amp;s_search_type=keyword&amp;s_dispstring=Law%20Review%27s%20first%20black%20president%20aims%20to%20help%20poor%20AND%20date%28all%29&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=%28Law%20Review%27s%20first%20black%20president%20aims%20to%20help%20poor%29Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Law Review's first black president aims to help poor\"</a>. <i>The Miami Herald</i>. Associated Press. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C01<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-99\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-99\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzmmBZ7i4BQ\">Video</a><span> on </span><a href=\"./YouTube\" title=\"YouTube\">YouTube</a></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-100\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-100\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCdI\">Aguilar, Louis (July 11, 1990). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/28774085.html?dids=28774085:28774085&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Survey: Law firms slow to add minority partners\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Business)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Juris_Doctor-101\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Juris_Doctor-101\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCds\">Adams, Richard (May 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/may/09/barackobama.uselections20081\">\"Barack Obama\"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081013083027/http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/may/09/barackobama.uselections20081\">Archived</a> from the original on October 13, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 26,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Scott_2008a-102\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Scott_2008a-102\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCeQ\">Scott, Janny (May 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/18/us/politics/18memoirs.html?pagewanted=all\">\"The story of Obama, written by Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. xiii–xvii.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Fellow-103\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Fellow-103\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation magazine\" id=\"mwCe8\">Merriner, James L. (June 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/June-2008/Obamas-Chicago-Posse/The-Friends-of-O/index.php?cp=2&amp;si=1\">\"The friends of O\"</a>. <i>Chicago</i>. Vol.<span>&nbsp;</span>57 no.<span>&nbsp;</span>6. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>74–79, 97–99. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0362-4595\">0362-4595</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCf8\">Zengerle, Jason (July 30, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/con-law?id=86dd0277-c6ee-4e3c-83e9-0bb468c5c40d&amp;p=1\">\"Con law; What the University of Chicago right thinks of Obama\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. <b>239</b> (1). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>7–8<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCgo\">Kantor, Jodi (July 30, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/30/us/politics/30law.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Teaching law, testing ideas, Obama stood slightly apart\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwChQ\">Gray, Steven (September 10, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1835238-2,00.html\">\"Taking professor Obama's class\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCh0\">Starr, Alexandra (September 21, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/21/magazine/21obama-t.html?pagewanted=all\">\"Case study\"</a>. <i>The New York Times Magazine</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>76<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCic\">Hundley, Tom (March 22, 2009). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-03-22/features/0903200725_1_barack-obama-story-chicago-school-harvard-law\">\"Ivory tower of power\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune Magazine</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 30,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-104\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-104\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCjA\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.law.uchicago.edu/media/index.html\">\"Statement regarding Barack Obama\"</a>. University of Chicago Law School. March 27, 2008. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080608225931/http://www.law.uchicago.edu/media/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on June 8, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 5,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCjo\">Miller, Joe (March 28, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://factcheck.org/2008/03/obama-a-constitutional-law-professor/\">\"Was Barack Obama really a constitutional law professor?\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCkI\">Holan, Angie Drobnic (March 7, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2008/mar/07/obamas-20-years-experience\">\"Obama's 20 years of experience\"</a>. PolitiFact.com<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 10,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Forty-105\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Forty-105\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCkk\">White, Jesse, ed. (2000). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20040416120057/http://www.sos.state.il.us/bb/sec4_71_132.pdf\"><i>Illinois Blue Book, 2000, Millennium ed.</i></a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Springfield, IL: Illinois Secretary of State. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>83. <a href=\"./OCLC\" title=\"OCLC\">OCLC</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/oclc/43923973\">43923973</a>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.sos.state.il.us/bb/toc.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwClk\">Jarrett, Vernon (August 11, 1992). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Vernon%20Jarrett)%20AND%20date(8/11/1992%20to%208/11/1992)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=8/11/1992%20to%208/11/1992)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Vernon%20Jarrett)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"<span style=\"padding-left:0.2em;\">'</span>Project Vote' brings power to the people\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>23<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCmU\">Reynolds, Gretchen (January 1993). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/January-1993/Vote-of-Confidence\">\"Vote of confidence\"</a>. <i>Chicago Magazine</i>. <b>42</b> (1). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>53–54. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0362-4595\">0362-4595</a>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080514183643/http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/January-1993/Vote-of-Confidence\">Archived</a> from the original on May 14, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 6,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCnQ\">Anderson, Veronica (October 3, 1993). \"40 under Forty: Barack Obama, Director, Illinois Project Vote\". <i>Crain's Chicago Business</i>. <b>16</b> (39). p.<span>&nbsp;</span>43. <a href=\"./International_Standard_Serial_Number\" title=\"International Standard Serial Number\">ISSN</a><span>&nbsp;</span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//www.worldcat.org/issn/0149-6956\">0149-6956</a>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-106\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-106\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCn4\">United States District Court: Northern District of Illinois<span>&nbsp;</span>– CM/ECF LIVE, Ver 3.0 (Chicago) (July 6, 1994). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-9000.pdf\">\"CIVIL DOCKET FOR CASE #: 1:94-cv-04094\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span class=\"citation-comment\" style=\"display:none; color:#33aa33; margin-left:0.3em\">CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (<a href=\"./Category:CS1_maint:_Multiple_names:_authors_list\" title=\"Category:CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list\">link</a>)</span></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-107\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-107\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCos\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/detail.php?id=10112\">\"Buycks-Roberson v. Citibank Fed. Sav. Bank – Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse\"</a>. clearinghouse.net<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2015</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-108\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-108\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCpI\">UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT~·':lj FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION (January 16, 1988). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-0008.pdf\">\"Settlement Agreement\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-109\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-109\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCps\">United States District Cuurt For the Northern District of Illinois Eastern Division (May 13, 1998). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/FH-IL-0011-0010.pdf\">\"Final Judgment and Order of Dismissal\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>clearinghouse.net</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 3,</span> 2016</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-110\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-110\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCqQ\">Gore, D'Angelo (June 14, 2012). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.factcheck.org/2012/06/the-obamas-law-licenses/\">\"The Obamas' Law Licenses\"</a>. FactCheck.org<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 16,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-DavisMiner-111\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-DavisMiner-111\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCqs\">Robinson, Mike (February 20, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/education/higher/articles/2007/02/20/obama_got_start_in_civil_rights_practice\">\"Obama got start in civil rights practice\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCrU\">Pallasch, Abdon M. (December 17, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Pallasch)_AND_date(12/17/2007_to_12/17/2007)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=December_17,_2007_to_12/17/2007)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Pallasch)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"As lawyer, Obama was strong, silent type; He was 'smart, innovative, relentless,' and he mostly let other lawyers do the talking\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>4<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCsE\">Morain, Dan (April 6, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/06/nation/na-obamalegal6\">\"Obama's law days effective but brief\"</a>. <i>Los Angeles Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A14<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 14,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCss\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20131204190346/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/doc/283584889.html?FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT&amp;type=current&amp;date=&amp;author=&amp;pub=&amp;edition=&amp;startpage=&amp;desc=\">\"Document\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. June 27, 1993. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>9 (Business). Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/24302659.html?dids=24302659:24302659&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">the original</a> on December 4, 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCtg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=(Business%20appointments)%20AND%20date(7/5/1993%20to%207/5/1993)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=7/5/1993%20to%207/5/1993)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Business%20appointments)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Business appointments\"</a>. <i>Chicago-Sun-Times</i>. July 5, 1993. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>40<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCuQ\">Ripley, Amanda (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,750742,00.html\">\"Obama's ascent\"</a>. <i>Time</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwCu0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080720182856/http://www.lawmbg.com/index.cfm/PageID/2711\">\"About us\"</a>. Miner, Barnhill &amp; Galland<span>&nbsp;</span>– Chicago, Illinois. 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.lawmbg.com/index.cfm/PageID/2711\">the original</a> on July 20, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCvc\">Reardon, Patrick T. (June 25, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/travel/chi-obama-chicago-htmlstory,0,506256.htmlstory\">\"Obama's Chicago\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Tempo)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 13,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 438–439.</li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 104–106.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-112\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-112\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCwI\">Jackson, David; Ray Long (April 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081011054057/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/obama/chi-070403obama-ballot-archive%2C0%2C5693903.story\">\"Obama Knows His Way Around a Ballot\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/obama/chi-070403obama-ballot-archive,0,5693903.story\">the original</a> on October 11, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation book\" id=\"mwCw0\"><a href=\"./Jesse_White_(politician)\" title=\"Jesse White (politician)\">White, Jesse</a> (2001). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080226221919/http://www.sos.state.il.us/publications/02bluebook/legislative_branch/legdistrictmaps.pdf\">\"Legislative Districts of Cook County, 1991 Reapportionment\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Illinois Blue Book 2001–2002</i>. Springfield: <a href=\"./Illinois_Secretary_of_State\" title=\"Illinois Secretary of State\">Illinois Secretary of State</a>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>65<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">July 16,</span> 2011</span>.</cite> State Sen. District 13 = State Rep. Districts 25 &amp; 26.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-113\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-113\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCxk\">Slevin, Peter (February 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/08/AR2007020802262.html\">\"Obama Forged Political Mettle in Illinois Capitol\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCyE\">Helman, Scott (September 23, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/09/23/in_illinois_obama_dealt_with_lobbyists/\">\"In Illinois, Obama dealt with Lobbyists\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416235513/http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/09/23/in_illinois_obama_dealt_with_lobbyists/\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCyo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/17/politics/main2369157.shtml\">\"Obama Record May Be Gold Mine for Critics\"</a>. CBS News. Associated Press. January 17, 2007. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080412223055/http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/17/politics/main2369157.shtml\">Archived</a> from the original on April 12, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Scott20070730-114\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Scott20070730-114\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCzI\">Scott, Janny (July 30, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/30/us/politics/30obama.html\">\"In Illinois, Obama Proved Pragmatic and Shrewd\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081210135903/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/30/us/politics/30obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 10, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-115\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-115\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwCzs\">Allison, Melissa (December 15, 2000). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/65214450.html?dids=65214450:65214450&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"State takes on predatory lending; Rules would halt single-premium life insurance financing\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Business). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080617151154/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/65214450.html?dids=65214450%3A65214450&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT\">Archived</a> from the original on June 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC0Y\">Ray Long; Melissa Allison (April 18, 2001). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/71459393.html?dids=71459393:71459393&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Illinois OKs predatory loan curbs; State aims to avert home foreclosures\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-116\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-116\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC1A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20000824102110/http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">\"13th District: Barack Obama\"</a>. Illinois State Senate Democrats. August 24, 2000. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">the original</a> on April 12, 2000<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC1g\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20040802233730/http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">\"13th District: Barack Obama\"</a>. Illinois State Senate Democrats. October 9, 2004. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.senatedem.state.il.us/obama/index.html\">the original</a> on August 2, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Democratic_primary-117\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Democratic_primary-117\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC2A\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2000/ilh.htm\">\"Federal Elections 2000: U.S. House Results<span>&nbsp;</span>– Illinois\"</a>. <a href=\"./Federal_Election_Commission\" title=\"Federal Election Commission\">Federal Election Commission</a>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080328011936/http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2000/ilh.htm\">Archived</a> from the original on March 28, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 24,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC2w\">Gonyea, Dan (September 19, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110218211819/http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14502364\">\"Obama's Loss May Have Aided White House Bid\"</a>. NPR. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14502364\">the original</a> on February 18, 2011.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC3M\">Scott, Janny (September 9, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/09/us/politics/09obama.html\">\"A Streetwise Veteran Schooled Young Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080321122541/http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/09/us/politics/09obama.html\">Archived</a> from the original on March 21, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC30\">McClelland, Edward (February 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/02/12/obama_natural/\">\"How Obama Learned to Be a Natural\"</a>. <i>Salon</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080308133402/http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/02/12/obama_natural/\">Archived</a> from the original on March 8, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC4c\">Wolffe, Richard; Daren Briscoe (July 16, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/33156\">\"Across the Divide\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080418014600/http://www.newsweek.com/id/33156\">Archived</a> from the original on April 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC5E\">Helman, Scott (October 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/10/12/early_defeat_launched_a_rapid_political_climb/\">\"Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC5o\">Wills, Christopher (October 24, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/2007-10-24-3157940059_x.htm\">\"Obama learned from failed Congress run\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-118\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-118\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC6I\">Calmes, Jackie (February 23, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080918032039/http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB117219748197216894-Sn6oV_4KLQHp_xz7CjYLuyjv3Jg_20070324.html\">\"Statehouse Yields Clues to Obama\"</a>. <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.wsj.com/public/article/SB117219748197216894-Sn6oV_4KLQHp_xz7CjYLuyjv3Jg_20070324.html\">the original</a> on September 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-119\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-119\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC6s\">Tavella, Anne Marie (April 14, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ADHB&amp;p_theme=adhb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_text_search-0=Profiling,%20AND%20taping%20AND%20plans%20AND%20pass%20AND%20Senate&amp;s_dispstring=Profiling,%20taping%20plans%20pass%20Senate%20AND%20date(April_4,_2003%20to%204/4/2003)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=4_April_2003%20to%204/4/2003Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Profiling, taping plans pass Senate\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Daily Herald</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>17<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC7U\">Haynes, V. Dion (June 29, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/352884461.html?dids=352884461:352884461&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Fight racial profiling at local level, lawmaker says; U.S. guidelines get mixed review\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080617150449/https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/352884461.html?dids=352884461%3A352884461&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS%3AFT\">Archived</a> from the original on June 17, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC8A\">Pearson, Rick (July 17, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/370136121.html?dids=370136121:370136121&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Taped confessions to be law; State will be 1st to pass legislation\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1 (Metro)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 1,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-120\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-120\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC8o\">Youngman, Sam; Aaron Blake (March 14, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/homenews/news/11316-obamas-crime-votes-are-fodder-for-rivals\">\"Obama's Crime Votes Are Fodder for Rivals\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC9I\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080607111231/http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/11/12/america/NA-POL-US-Obama-Death-Penalty.php\">\"US Presidential Candidate Obama Cites Work on State Death Penalty Reforms\"</a>. <i>International Herald Tribune</i>. Associated Press. November 12, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/11/12/america/NA-POL-US-Obama-Death-Penalty.php\">the original</a> on June 7, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-121\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-121\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC9s\">Coffee, Melanie (November 6, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080516174431/http://www.hydepark.org/hpkccnews/raoul.htm\">\"Attorney Chosen to Fill Obama's State Senate Seat\"</a>. HPKCC. Associated Press. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.hydepark.org/hpkccnews/raoul.htm#ap\">the original</a> on May 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-122\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-122\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC-M\">Helman, Scott (October 12, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/10/12/early_defeat_launched_a_rapid_political_climb\" id=\"mwC-Q\">\"Early defeat launched a rapid political climb\"</a>. <i id=\"mwC-U\"><a href=\"./The_Boston_Globe\" title=\"The Boston Globe\" id=\"mwC-Y\">The Boston Globe</a></i>. p.<span id=\"mwC-c\">&nbsp;</span>1A<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwC-g\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwC-k\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-123\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-123\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwC-0\">Strausberg, Chinta (September 26, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-220062931.html\" id=\"mwC-4\">\"Opposition to war mounts\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\" id=\"mwC-8\">(paid archive)</span>. <i>Chicago Defender</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Rose_Garden-124\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Rose_Garden-124\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwC_c\">Office of the Press Secretary (October 2, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021002-7.html\">\"President, House leadership agree on Iraq resolution\"</a>. The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDAA\">Tackett, Michael (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/203569641.html?dids=203569641:203569641&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Bush, House OK Iraq deal; Congress marches with Bush\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Federal_Plaza-125\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Federal_Plaza-125\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDAs\">Glauber, Bill (October 3, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/203569621.html?dids=203569621:203569621&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"War protesters gentler, but passion still burns\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDBg\">Strausberg, Chinta (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-220379051.html\">\"War with Iraq undermines U.N\"</a>. <i>Chicago Defender</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>. <q>Photo caption: Left Photo: Sen. Barack Obama along with Rev. Jesse Jackson spoke to nearly 3,000 anti-war protestors (below) during a rally at Federal Plaza Wednesday.</q></cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDCM\">Katz, Marilyn (October 2, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110721192331/http://www.noiraqwar-chicago.org/?p=127\">\"Five years since our first action\"</a>. Chicagoans Against War &amp; Injustice. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.noiraqwar-chicago.org/?p=127\">the original</a> on July 21, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDCw\">Greg Bryant; Jane B. Vaughn (October 3, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ADHB&amp;p_theme=adhb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_text_search-0=300%20AND%20attend%20AND%20rally%20AND%20against%20AND%20Iraq%20AND%20war&amp;s_dispstring=300%20attend%20rally%20against%20Iraq%20war%20AND%20date(10/3/2002%20to%2010/3/2002)&amp;p_field_date-0=YMD_date&amp;p_params_date-0=date:B,E&amp;p_text_date-0=10/3/2002%20to%2010/3/2002)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"300 attend rally against Iraq war\"</a>. <i>Daily Herald</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>8<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 172–177.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-spoke_out-126\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-spoke_out-126\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDDg\">Obama, Barack (October 2, 2002). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080130204029/http://www.barackobama.com/2002/10/02/remarks_of_illinois_state_sen.php\">\"Remarks of Illinois State Sen. Barack Obama against going to war with Iraq\"</a>. Barack Obama. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.barackobama.com/2002/10/02/remarks_of_illinois_state_sen.php\">the original</a> on January 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDEI\">McCormick, John (October 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/1351610621.html?dids=1351610621:1351610621&amp;FMT=ABS&amp;FMTS=ABS:FT\">\"Obama marks '02 war speech; Contender highlights his early opposition in effort to distinguish him from his rivals\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>7<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>. <q>The top strategist for Sen. Barack Obama has just 14 seconds of video of what is one of the most pivotal moments of the presidential candidate's political career. The video, obtained from a Chicago TV station, is of Obama's 2002 speech in opposition to the impending Iraq invasion.</q></cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDE8\">Pallasch, Abdon M. (October 3, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=headline(Obama%20touts%20anti-war%20cred)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=title&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Obama%20touts%20anti-war%20cred)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Obama touts anti-war cred; Kicks off tour 5 years after speech critical of going to Iraq\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>26<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 28,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-stop_the_war-127\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-stop_the_war-127\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDFo\">Ritter, Jim (March 17, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&amp;p_theme=cstb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;s_dispstring=headline(Anti-war%20rally%20here%20draws%20thousands)%20AND%20date(all)&amp;p_field_advanced-0=title&amp;p_text_advanced-0=(Anti-war%20rally%20here%20draws%20thousands)Êl_numdocs=20&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:DÊl_useweights=no\">\"Anti-war rally here draws thousands\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 3,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> <span style=\"font-size:0.95em; font-size: 90%; color: #555\">(subscription required)</span>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwDGc\">Office of the Press Secretary (March 16, 2003). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030316-3.html\">\"President Bush: Monday 'moment of truth' for world on Iraq\"</a> (Press release). The White House<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 18,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-128\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-128\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDG4\">Davey, Monica (March 7, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20090416015834/http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/07/politics/campaign/07ILLI.html\">\"Closely watched Illinois Senate race attracts 7 candidates in millionaire range\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\">The New York Times</a></i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>19. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/07/politics/campaign/07ILLI.html\">the original</a> on April 16, 2009<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-future-129\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-future-129\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDHk\">Mendell, David (March 17, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2004-03-17/news/0403170332_1_blair-hull-gery-chico-blacks-and-liberal-whites\">\"Obama routs Democratic foes; Ryan tops crowded GOP field; Hynes, Hull fall far short across state\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDIQ\">Davey, Monica (March 18, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/18/us/as-quickly-as-overnight-a-democratic-star-is-born.html?pagewanted=all\">\"As quickly as overnight, a Democratic star is born\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A20<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDI4\">Howlett, Debbie (March 19, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usatoday.com/news/politicselections/nation/2004-03-18-obama-usat_x.htm\">\"Dems see a rising star in Illinois Senate candidate\"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A04<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 1,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDJg\">Scheiber, Noam (May 31, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.tnr.com/article/race-against-history-0\">\"Race against history. Barack Obama's miraculous campaign\"</a>. <i>The New Republic</i>. <b>230</b> (20). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>21–22, 24–26 (cover story)<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDKM\">Finnegan, William (May 31, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2004/05/31/040531fa_fact1?currentPage=all\">\"The Candidate. How far can Barack Obama go?\"</a>. <i>The New Yorker</i>. <b>20</b> (14). pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>32–38<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDK4\">Dionne Jr., E.J. (June 25, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4062-2004Jun24.html\">\"In Illinois, a star prepares\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A29<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 24,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDLg\">Scott, Janny (May 18, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/18/us/politics/18memoirs.html?pagewanted=all\">\"The story of Obama, written by Obama\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 9,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 235–259.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-130\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-130\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDMI\">Bernstein, David (June 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/June-2007/The-Speech\">\"The Speech\"</a>. <i>Chicago Magazine</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-status-131\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-status-131\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDMo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.newsweek.com/id/54728/output/print\">\"Star Power. Showtime: Some are on the rise; others have long been fixtures in the firmament. A galaxy of bright Democratic lights\"</a>. <i>Newsweek</i>. August 2, 2004. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>48–51. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218014146/http://www.newsweek.com/id/54728/output/print\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDNY\">Samuel, Terence (August  2, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081206100640/http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/040802/2obama.htm\">\"A shining star named Obama. How a most unlikely politician became a darling of the Democrats\"</a>. <i>U.S. News &amp; World Report</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>25. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/040802/2obama.htm\">the original</a> on December 6, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDOE\">Lizza, Ryan (September 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200409/lizza\">\"Why is Barack Obama generating more excitement among Democrats than John Kerry?\"</a>. <i>The Atlantic Monthly</i>. pp.<span>&nbsp;</span>30, 33<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDOs\">Davey, Monica (July 26, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/26/us/the-speaker-a-surprise-senate-contender-reaches-his-biggest-stage-yet.html\">\"A surprise Senate contender reaches his biggest stage yet\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 25,</span> 2010</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDPU\">Leibovich, Mark (July 27, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A16606-2004Jul26.html\">\"The other man of the hour\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>C1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDP8\">Milligan, Susan (July 27, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2004/07/27/in_obama_democrats_see_their_future/\">\"In Obama, Democrats see their future\"</a>. <i>The Boston Globe</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>B8. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218181835/http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2004/07/27/in_obama_democrats_see_their_future/\">Archived</a> from the original on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDQo\">Seelye, Katharine Q. (July 28, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20060624052131/http://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/28/politics/campaign/28blacks.html\">\"Illinois Senate nominee speaks of encompassing unity\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/28/politics/campaign/28blacks.html\">the original</a> on June 24, 2006.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDRM\">Broder, David S. (July 28, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A17865-2004Jul27.html\">\"Democrats focus on healing divisions; Addressing convention, newcomers set themes\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDR0\">Jonathan Bing; Pamela McClintock (July 29, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117908388.html\">\"Auds resist charms of Dem stars\"</a>. <i>Variety</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">November 15,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> Mendell (2007), pp. 272–285.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-132\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-132\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDSc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/06/25/il.ryan/\">\"Ryan drops out of Senate race in Illinois\"</a>. CNN. June 25, 2004<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> Mendell (2007), pp. 260–271.</li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-133\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-133\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDTA\">Lannan, Maura Kelly (August 9, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://legacy.signonsandiego.com/news/politics/20040809-0849-illinoissenate.html\">\"Alan Keyes enters U.S. Senate race in Illinois against rising Democratic star\"</a>. <i>Union-Tribune</i>. Associated Press<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-margin-134\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-margin-134\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDTg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/pages/results/states/IL/S/01/index.html\">\"America Votes 2004: U.S. Senate / Illinois\"</a>. CNN. 2005. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416061340/http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004//pages/results/states/IL/S/01/index.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDUI\">Slevin, Peter (November 13, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/12/AR2007111201945.html\">\"For Obama, a handsome payoff in political gambles\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>A3<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 13,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDUw\">John Chase; David Mendell (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.noticiasdot.com/publicaciones/2004/1104/0311/noticias031104/presidenciales-usa/images/usa/chicago_tribune/chicago_tribune_031104.pdf\">\"Obama scores a record landslide\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>1<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDVc\">Fornek, Scott (November 3, 2004). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-1553596.html\">\"Obama takes Senate seat in a landslide\"</a>. <i>Chicago Sun-Times</i>. p.<span>&nbsp;</span>6<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-135\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-135\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite id=\"CITEREFUnited_States_Congresso000167\" class=\"citation web\">United States Congress. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=o000167\">\"Barack Obama (id: o000167)\"</a>. <i><a href=\"./Biographical_Directory_of_the_United_States_Congress\" title=\"Biographical Directory of the United States Congress\">Biographical Directory of the United States Congress</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">October 12,</span> 2011</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-136\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-136\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDWg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080709114659/http://www.house.gov/kilpatrick/cbc/member_info.html\">\"Member Info\"</a>. Congressional Black Caucus. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.house.gov/kilpatrick/cbc/member_info.html\">the original</a> on July 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 25,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-transition_period-137\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-transition_period-137\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDXA\">Mason, Jeff (November 16, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSTRE4AF1MJ20081116\">\"Obama resigns Senate seat, thanks Illinois\"</a>. Reuters<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">March 10,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-138\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-138\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDXc\">U.S. Senate, 109th Congress, 1st Session (May 12, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/109th-congress/senate-bill/1033/cosponsors\">\"S. 1033, Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act\"</a>. Library of Congress<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 25,</span> 2017</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-139\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-139\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDX4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154746/http://obama.senate.gov/press/070111-lugar-obama_non/\">\"Lugar–Obama Nonproliferation Legislation Signed into Law by the President\"</a>. Richard Lugar U.S. Senate Office. January 11, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/070111-lugar-obama_non/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDYY\">Lugar, Richard G.; Barack Obama (December 3, 2005). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/02/AR2005120201509.html\">\"Junkyard Dogs of War\"</a>. <i>The Washington Post</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-140\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-140\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDY4\">McCormack, John (December 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/502njiqx.asp\">\"Google Government Gone Viral\"</a>. <i>Weekly Standard</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080423235240/http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/502njiqx.asp\">Archived</a> from the original on April 23, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDZc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080501233103/http://coburn.senate.gov/ffm/index.cfm?FuseAction=LegislativeFloorAction.Home&amp;ContentRecord_id=eb582f19-802a-23ad-41db-7a7cb464cfdb\">\"President Bush Signs Coburn–Obama Transparency Act\"</a>. Tom Coburn U.S. Senate Office. September 26, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://coburn.senate.gov/ffm/index.cfm?FuseAction=LegislativeFloorAction.Home&amp;ContentRecord_id=eb582f19-802a-23ad-41db-7a7cb464cfdb\">the original</a> on May 1, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-141\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-141\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDZ8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/110/s3077\">\"S. 3077: Strengthening Transparency and Accountability in Federal Spending Act of 2008: 2007–2008 (110th Congress)\"</a>. Govtrack.us. June 3, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">May 18,</span> 2012</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-142\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-142\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDaY\">McIntire, Mike (February 3, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/03/us/politics/03exelon.html\">\"Nuclear Leaks and Response Tested Obama in Senate\"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081209065950/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/03/us/politics/03exelon.html\">Archived</a> from the original on December 9, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Fisher-143\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Fisher-143\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDa8\">Fisher, Daniel (August 11, 2008). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.forbes.com/2008/08/08/obama-mccain-torts-biz-beltway-cz_df_0811torts.html\">\"November Election A Lawyer's Delight\"</a>. <i>Forbes</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 11,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-144\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-144\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDbc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080501002134/http://lugar.senate.gov/nunnlugar/pdf/trip_report_2005.pdf\">\"Nunn–Lugar Report\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span>. Richard Lugar U.S. Senate Office. August 2005. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://lugar.senate.gov/nunnlugar/pdf/trip_report_2005.pdf\">the original</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(PDF)</span> on May 1, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 30,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-145\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-145\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDcE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110108193726/http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/international/drc0406.shtml\">\"Democratic Republic of the Congo\"</a>. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. April 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/international/drc0406.shtml\">the original</a> on January 8, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 26,</span> 2012</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDck\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20110807061958/http://www.rescue.org/news/the-irc-welcomes-new-us-law.html\">\"The IRC Welcomes New U.S. Law on Congo\"</a>. International Rescue Committee. January 5, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.theirc.org/news/the-irc-welcomes-new-us-law.html\">the original</a> on August 7, 2011<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-146\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-146\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDdE\">Weixel, Nathaniel (November 15, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/feingold-obama-go-after-corporate-jet-travel-2007-11-15.html\">\"Feingold, Obama Go After Corporate Jet Travel\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080515201902/http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/feingold-obama-go-after-corporate-jet-travel-2007-11-15.html\">Archived</a> from the original on May 15, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDdo\">Weixel, Nathaniel (December 5, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/lawmakers-press-fec-on-bundling-regulation-2007-12-05.html\">\"Lawmakers Press FEC on Bundling Regulation\"</a>. <i>The Hill</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080416162108/http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/lawmakers-press-fec-on-bundling-regulation-2007-12-05.html\">Archived</a> from the original on April 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDeM\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080411220016/http://www.fec.gov/press/press2007/20070924travel.shtml\">\"Federal Election Commission Announces Plans to Issue New Regulations to Implement the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007\"</a>. Federal Election Commission. September 24, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.fec.gov/press/press2007/20070924travel.shtml\">the original</a> on April 11, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-147\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-147\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDes\">Stern, Seth (January 31, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/cq/2007/01/31/cq_2213.html\">\"Obama–Schumer Bill Proposal Would Criminalize Voter Intimidation\"</a>. CQPolitics.com. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080516104256/http://www.nytimes.com/cq/2007/01/31/cq_2213.html\">Archived</a> from the original on May 16, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDfM\">U.S. Senate, 110th Congress, 1st Session (January 31, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/110th-congress/senate-bill/453\">\"S. 453, Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act of 2007\"</a>. Library of Congress<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">February 25,</span> 2017</span>.</cite> See also:<cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDfo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/31/opinion/31wed1.html\">\"Honesty in Elections\"</a> <span style=\"font-size:85%;\">(editorial)</span>. <i>The New York Times</i>. January 31, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-148\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-148\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDgM\">Krystin, E. Kasak (February 7, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.nwitimes.com/news/local/article_c7147a5d-31bc-5497-abdd-a99c0cd6c189.html\">\"Obama Introduces Measure to Bring Troops Home\"</a>. Medill News Service<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-149\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-149\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDgo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101205075008/http://bond.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressRoom.NewsReleases&amp;ContentRecord_id=5C1EBFEB-1321-0E36-BA7D-04630AEFAD31\">\"Obama, Bond Hail New Safeguards on Military Personality Disorder Discharges, Urge Further Action\"</a>. Kit Bond U.S. Senate Office. October 1, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://bond.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressRoom.NewsReleases&amp;ContentRecord_id=5C1EBFEB-1321-0E36-BA7D-04630AEFAD31\">the original</a> on December 5, 2010<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-150\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-150\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDhI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154824/http://obama.senate.gov/press/080314-obama_bond_appl/\">\"Obama, Bond Applaud Senate Passage of Amendment to Expedite the Review of Personality Disorder Discharge Cases\"</a>. March 14, 2008. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/080314-obama_bond_appl/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-nuclear_terrorism-151\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-nuclear_terrorism-151\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation pressrelease\" id=\"mwDhg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154751/http://obama.senate.gov/press/071220-obama_schiff_pr/\">\"Obama, Schiff Provision to Create Nuclear Threat Reduction Plan Approved\"</a> (Press release). Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. December 20, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/071220-obama_schiff_pr/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-152\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-152\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDh4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154819/http://obama.senate.gov/press/070802-senate_passes_o_1/\">\"Senate Passes Obama, McCaskill Legislation to Provide Safety Net for Families of Wounded Service Members\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. August 2, 2007. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/press/070802-senate_passes_o_1/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-153\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-153\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation web\" id=\"mwDiY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20061209190827/http://obama.senate.gov/committees/\">\"Committee Assignments\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. December 9, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/committees/\">the original</a> on December 9, 2006<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-154\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-154\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDi4\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20081218154741/http://obama.senate.gov/news/061115-obama_gets_new/\">\"Obama Gets New Committee Assignments\"</a>. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. Associated Press. November 15, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://obama.senate.gov/news/061115-obama_gets_new/\">the original</a> on December 18, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-155\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-155\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDjY\">Baldwin, Tom (December 21, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article3080794.ece\">\"Stay-At-Home Barack Obama Comes Under Fire for a Lack of Foreign Experience\"</a>. <i>Sunday Times (UK)</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-Kenyan-156\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Kenyan-156\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDj4\">Larson, Christina (September 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080430232404/http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2006/0609.larson.html\">\"Hoosier Daddy: What Rising Democratic Star Barack Obama Can Learn from an Old Lion of the GOP\"</a>. <i>Washington Monthly</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2006/0609.larson.html\">the original</a> on April 30, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite>\n<ul><li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDkk\">Goudie, Chuck (January 12, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://a.abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&amp;id=3806933\">\"Obama Meets with Arafat's Successor\"</a>. Chicago: WLS-TV<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDlE\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080605213213/http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0%2C%2C2-11-1447_1989646%2C00.html\">\"Obama Slates Kenya for Fraud\"</a>. Cape Town: News24. August 28, 2006. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0,,2-11-1447_1989646,00.html\">the original</a> on June 5, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDlo\">Wamalwa, Chris (September 2, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20071010050740/http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957666\">\"Envoy Hits at Obama Over Graft Remark\"</a>. <i>The Standard (Nairobi)</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957666\">the original</a> on October 10, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">April 27,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></li>\n<li> <cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDmQ\">Moracha, Vincent; Mangoa Mosota (September 4, 2006). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20071007115436/http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957752\">\"Leaders Support Obama on Graft Claims\"</a>. <i>The Standard</i>. Nairobi. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.eastandard.net/archives/cl/hm_news/news.php?articleid=1143957752\">the original</a> on October 7, 2007.</cite></li></ul></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Pearson_20070210-157\"><span></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Pearson_20070210-157\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDms\">Pearson, Rick; Long, Ray (February 10, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-070210obama-pearson1-story,0,3768114.story\">\"Obama: I'm running for president\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i>. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070813115846/http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-070210obama-pearson1-story%2C0%2C3768114.story\">Archived</a> from the original on August 13, 2007<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">September 20,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-BBC20070210-158\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-BBC20070210-158\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDnQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6349081.stm\">\"Obama Launches Presidential Bid\"</a>. BBC News. February 10, 2007. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20080202060802/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6349081.stm\">Archived</a> from the original on February 2, 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">January 14,</span> 2008</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Parsons20070210-159\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-ChicagoTribune_Parsons20070210-159\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDnw\">Parsons, Christi (February 10, 2007). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-159132539.html\">\"Obama's launch site: Symbolic Springfield: Announcement venue evokes Lincoln legacy\"</a>. <i>Chicago Tribune</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\">June 12,</span> 2009</span>.</cite></span></li><li id=\"cite_note-160\"> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-160\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><cite class=\"citation news\" id=\"mwDoQ\"><a rel=